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[LO 1.5, 3.2, 3.3]

  • Read the following querying and complaining letter that appeared in TygerBurger , a regional newspaper, and then carry out the assignments that follow.

Source b

Wednesday 10 JULY 2002

Case stated about march

ACCORDING to a newspaper report, the city has decided to fine litterbugs or send them to jail.

At the moment, protesters are simply emptying the rubbish bins in the street in full view of the city police, traffic police and police.

Our questions is: if people are protesting, are they free from legal prosecution?

I and fellow shop owners were compelled to sweep the streets ourselves.



Pieter Cronjé, director: communication, City of Cape Town, replies :

It is correct that fines have been increased to try to put a stop to the illegal dumping of refuse.

A march by a large group of striking workers is an emotional issue that needs to be handled with care. The primary task of the city police and the SAPS is to observe such a march and to provide protection against intimidation and violence.

The city council cannot approve the behaviour of striking labour union mem

bers. They did not adhere to the conditions for the march and this will be discussed with the union. Armed with the necessary evidence and statements, disciplinary action can also be taken against workers as a result of offences.

The city would like to thank the shop owners who helped to clean the street. Some of the security personnel also helped to clean up after the march .

Group activity 3: exercise in democracy [lo 3.4, 3.7]

Step 1 : Divide into groups and describe any march or protest that you have seen. According to the principle of democracy, every person must be given a chance.

Step 2 : The group selects the most interesting story. Two-thirds of the group must agree on which story was the most interesting.

Step 3 : The group now selects a person to tell the story to the rest of the class, in other words, the person who is going to report . The reporter does not necessarily have to be the person who originally told the story.

The report-back only takes place in the next period. The members of the group must remain in their groups until the exercise in democracy is completed.

Step 4 : The group’s decision on a learner’s contribution to the group is the prevailing one, and not that of the learner.


If the class feels that their performance as democratic groups does not display good cooperation, the class needs to repeat this exercise (later).


Write down the weak points in the story you told during Step 1 of the exercise in democracy.

[LO 3.4, 3.7]

  • You have now had ample opportunity to take part in History activities. Assess your progress with the aid of the assessment grid on the following page.

Activity 4: written exercise: communication

Write your own letter to a newspaper, according to

  • the pattern of Source B.

Heading :

Case stated about …

Paragraph 1 :

Mention the reason for your letter.

Paragraph 2 :

State your questions.

Paragraph 3: Say why the matter is so important to you.

Conclusion :

Write a suitable pseudonym.Your address and the date.


Learning outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
Historical Enquiry The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate the past and present.
Assessment standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.1 continues to identify and select a variety of historical and archaeological sources relevant to an inquiry [finds sources];
1.2 evaluates the sources used (e.g. “Who created the source?”, “Is it reliable”, “How useful is the information?”) [works with sources];
1.3 interprets graphical and statistical sources [works with sources];
1.4 presents an original idea as part of an answer to questions posed [answers the question];
1.5 communicates knowledge and understanding by constructing own interpretation and argument based on the historical sources (including extended writing, artwork, graphics and drama); uses information technology where available and appropriate [communicates the answer].
Learning outcomes (LOs)
LO 2
Historical Knowledge and Understanding The learner will be able to demonstrate historical knowledge and understanding.
Assessment standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
2.1 begins to make links between historical events and processes in different contexts in the same period [chronology and time];
2.2 recognises that causes and effects of effects vary in importance [cause and effect];
2.3 explains charges in a wider historical and environmental context [change and continuity].
LO 3
Historical Interpretation The learner will be able to interpret aspects of history.
We know this when the learner:
3.1 examines historical interpretation by asking relevant questions about the author of an historical source [source interpretation];
3.2 identifies and gives reasons for the different ways that the past is represented and interpreted [source interpretation];
3.3 explains why history is not objective or neutral [source interpretation];

Questions & Answers

how environment affect demand and supply of commodity ?
Amos Reply
Wht at the criteria for market ?
what is difference between monitory policy and fiscal policy?
Malik Reply
monetary policy is a policy thrust by National Govt(CBN) to influence government spending, purchase &taxes
necessity of economics
Pamela Reply
I will say want,choice,opportunity cost,scarcity,scale of preference
what is monopoly market.How price output are determined under monopoly market
b) Monopoly market is an impecfect market where s single firm having the innovation to produce a particular commodity.Prices are determined through output since there are no other competitive.
Monopoly market:firm has market power & does not respond to market price
Explain the process of price determination under perfect competition market with suitable diagram
bisham Reply
Price determination under perfect competition via this process :firms have no market power to influence price rather firms respond to market price.
price is different from demand- demand is amount of commodity
Effah Reply
demand is amount /quantity of commodity a potential buyer is willing to buy at a given price at market
demand is a desire of customer on commodity with the ability to pay it and willing to buy it at given price of commodity
demand is price of what
Faith Reply
show that shortrun average cost
Baby Reply
what is economics
Mbah Reply
what is money
what is money
Difine macro economics
money is a medium of exchange between goods and services,maybe inform of currency.
Economics is study of how human beings strive to satisfy numerous wants using limited available resources.
how do you find the maximum number of workers the firms should employ order to produce where there are increasing returns
what are implications of computing national income?.
what is the formulae for calculating national income
it calculated by value added method
classify the production units like agriculture, banking, transport etc
money is anything that is generally acceptetable for human
Estimate the net value added(NVA) at fixed cost by each industrial structure
definition of unemployment
Adam Reply
what are the causes of unemployment?
Mbubi Reply
The main causes of unemployment are listed below. 1. Frictional unemployment 2. Cyclical unemployment 3. Structural unemployment
We can also categorize the causes on a broader sense as: 1. Political and 2. Social cause As unemployeement root causes are embaded in this two.
would opportunity cost exist if there was no scarcity?
yes just because the opportunity cost arose when there is Alternative to choose among the alternatives.
I am thinking that, if our resources were unlimited, then there wouldn't be any need to forgo some wants. Hence the inexistence if opportunity cost
politics has done what?
consider time assani
I'm Emmanuel,...I taught the main cause is the change in gov't.
...Lack of capital to set up a firm respectively
I would like to bring in Educational levels can also be the cause the cause of the problem respectively
lack of skills among the new generation is the serious issue.
Where I come from , I don't see why education or personal aspects seem to do with unimployment, technically the motivation and eigerness in all works of live is there , dispite the cultural influence and physical bearriors;the thing we lacking is Government Support and open market ethics.
sorry about that-(repation). We have a over powering ethical political system that's displacing the marketing asspects of economy and causing large scale unemployment right across the board...
can someone Explain Expansionary Monetary Policy and Contractionary Monetary Policy Using one of the instrument of Monetary Policy? Please am kinda lost here?. ta
Emmanuel Reply
using a graph show the case of substitute and compliment goods
Ade Reply
can anyone give me a simple explanation to Five Sector Macroeconomics?
Can someone please define what economics is
jason Reply
economics simply is a social science subject that study human behavior.
economics is a social science which studies human behaviour as a relationship between ends and scarce means that has alternative uses
Can someone please tell me how to calculate GDP
emmanual kapal to calculate GDP (Gross Domestic Product) has three method in calculating it (1)income approach (2) expenditure approach (3) value added method
thanks Alae
u are welcome
in basic terms economics is revered to as battery system, it date back to when Men sees the need to exchange sapless goods and produce to gain , either wealth , basic necessities or to establish trading ties for personal benefit or social asspects in terms of coexistence and continuity, future .
what is the law of demand
Berlinda Reply
keep other thing constant, when the price increases demand decrease when the price decreases demand increases of the commodity.
all things being equal,quantity demanded decrease as price increase and increase as price decrease
there's practial joke to it ..." the higher the demand ; scarcity, increase in production and drop in quality"... quite the controversy - for example China vs Europe, United States and we are all boxed up in between somewhere...
Other thing remain constant the low price of commodity the high quantity of commodity and vice versa is true
Explain Effective demand
Anita Reply
What is effective demand
like Modi is in demand...best example of effective demand
Don't get you
Anita you mean you don't get me or who?
level of demand that represents a real intention to purchase by people with the means to pay
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 12, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11044/1.1
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