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Social sciences

Geography

Development issues

Grade 9

Module 5

The green revolution

The Green Revolution

The Green Revolution refers to a campaign that was launched over thirty years ago to dramatically increase food production. The term was created by the Agency for International Development in the USA in 1968. The term refers to the period from 1967 to 1978. Initially the focus fell on the expansion of land used for the cultivation of crops. During this time the production of crops such as rice and wheat was doubled. These products are known as staple foods – find out what this means and in which countries rice or wheat is used as staple foods. Eventually other methods and techniques were used to improve the production of crops. The next five points are important:

  • New crop cultivars
  • Irrigation
  • Fertilisers
  • Pesticides
  • Mechanisation

Activity 1:

To make a study of techniques used for increased agricultural production

[lo 2.1]

a) Write short notes on each technique, mentioning where it is applied – worldwide, as well as in your environment. Also briefly state its contribution to development. Try to bring along any visual material.

b) Write an essay or have a class discussion on what would happen if there is no more food left in the world or in our country.

c) What field of study would you follow if you want to make a contribution to solve these problems?

d) What career opportunities exist in this field?

e) Where is training in this field offered in our own country?

f) What is the role of farmers and farm workers regarding these issues, and what problems do they have to contend with?

  1. Ask somebody who lives on a farm to tell you more about it, or plan a trip to a farm or agricultural-technical institution where farmers or officials can offer more information.
  2. Would you consider becoming a farmer, farm manager, farm worker or agriculturalist?
  3. What are the challenges, advantages and disadvantages of the above?

The Green Revolution in India

The Green Revolution in India comprised three elements:

The continual expansion of farming areas

Doubling the output of crops on existing farmland

Making use of genetically improved seed

The Green Revolution led to a record wheat harvest in 1978 – 79, making India one of the largest agricultural producers.

The production of crops per agricultural land unit has increased by over 30% since the country became independent in 1947.

Genetically improved seed yielded very good results. Over 70% of the wheat crop, 35% of the rice crop and 20% of the manna- en grain crop came from genetically advanced seed.

The Green Revolution has led to the creation of job opportunities as the need for fertilisers and chemical substances increased, and more dams were built.

The Green Revolution transformed India from a famished nation into an exporter of food. What advantages did it hold for the country?

Lessons from the Green Revolution

Thee Green Revolution had its advantages, but certain lessons were also to be learned.

Activity 2:

To identify the most important lessons that the green revolution in india had taught us

[lo 1.5]

Read the text below and write a short paragraph on each of the lessons that had been learned.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11057/1.1
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