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English home language

Grade 8

Valued values

Module 3

Techniques for public-speaking

Now we need to look at some popular wrong ideas before we look at some techniques which will help us:

Activity1:

[lo 4.4.1]

Now we need to look at some popular wrong ideas before we look at some techniques which will help us:

  • Which of the following are true or false? Tick the correct answer in your view.

Ideas about public-speaking which most people believe

TRUE

FALSE

All public speakers are extroverts (speak very easily and openly)

Shy people should not speak in public.

The ability to speak in public is an inherited talent.

Experienced speakers are not nervous.

An audience is not interested in what a speaker has to say.

Adults are more confident speakers than youngsters.

Only well-educated people make good public speakers.

Good speakers do not have to prepare a speech.

If you make a mistake, never speak in public again!

Men make better speakers than women.

Speeches must be made without notes.

Audiences are usually hostile and critical.

If I take every opportunity to speak, I will not improve.

  • MY ABILITY AS A PUBLIC OR PRIVATE SPEAKER; what I need to learn:

Activity 2:

[lo 1.5]

Let us see why EVERY speaker has the ability to speak well:

  • Label the following diagram neatly:

Include ‘lips’, ‘tongue’, ‘palate’, ‘teeth’, ‘vocal chords’, ‘pharynx’, ‘larynx’, ‘lungs’.

Ask your Biology educator to help you if you get stuck.

  • These features help to make sound. So sound can be produced well by most people.

ACTIVITY 3:

Now, let us test each: Have some FUN WITH SOUNDS

  • Use of your lips:

Say the sound ‘b’ / ‘p’ / ‘f’ / ‘m’ / ‘v’ / ‘w’ loudly.

Say the vowel sounds clearly and see how your lip shape changes: aa / ě / i (ee)/ ǒ/ u

  • Use of your teeth.

Say ‘s’ / ‘z’ / ‘x’

  • Use of your palate:

Say ‘d’ / ‘j’ / ‘l’ / ‘n’ / ‘r’ / ‘t’ /

  • Back of the throat:

Say ‘c’ / ‘q’ / ‘g’ / ‘h’ / ‘k’ /

  • Now, put your hand on your larynx (vocal chords) and say the following clearly:
With air only With the vocal chords, the air becomes sound!
p b
t d
f v
s z
h
  • Now, say the following using just the vowel sounds

Susie Saucy showed the sea-shells to the sailor who said she should show them to the

u ie aw i owe e ee e oo e ai o oo e ee oo owe e oo e

shop-keepers selling sea souvenirs around town.

o ee e e ee oo e er a ow ow

What you are doing here is exercising your muscles and using your mouth and lips so that sounds come out correctly.

Perhaps it is a good idea to consider the whole question of speech now.

Activity 4:

  • Have a class discussion about speech in general

Let your educator help you here.

Activity 5:

[lo 2.6]

  • Now listen to your educator when s/he discusses ORATORY MANNERS

CLEAR SPEAKING

Open your mouth. Project the sounds you make. Use your lungs, palate, lips, tongue, teeth fully.

POSTURE

Stand one foot slightly in front of the other; arms relaxed at the side; head up, shoulders down.

TONE AUDIBILITY

Do not speak too softly or too loudly. A tone VARIETY is always interesting.

GOOD USE OF GESTURES

Only use gestures if they contribute to the point you are making. Rehearse them to be ‘natural’.

Questions & Answers

show that the set of all natural number form semi group under the composition of addition
Nikhil Reply
what is the meaning
Dominic
explain and give four Example hyperbolic function
Lukman Reply
_3_2_1
felecia
⅗ ⅔½
felecia
_½+⅔-¾
felecia
The denominator of a certain fraction is 9 more than the numerator. If 6 is added to both terms of the fraction, the value of the fraction becomes 2/3. Find the original fraction. 2. The sum of the least and greatest of 3 consecutive integers is 60. What are the valu
SABAL Reply
1. x + 6 2 -------------- = _ x + 9 + 6 3 x + 6 3 ----------- x -- (cross multiply) x + 15 2 3(x + 6) = 2(x + 15) 3x + 18 = 2x + 30 (-2x from both) x + 18 = 30 (-18 from both) x = 12 Test: 12 + 6 18 2 -------------- = --- = --- 12 + 9 + 6 27 3
Pawel
2. (x) + (x + 2) = 60 2x + 2 = 60 2x = 58 x = 29 29, 30, & 31
Pawel
ok
Ifeanyi
on number 2 question How did you got 2x +2
Ifeanyi
combine like terms. x + x + 2 is same as 2x + 2
Pawel
x*x=2
felecia
2+2x=
felecia
×/×+9+6/1
Debbie
Q2 x+(x+2)+(x+4)=60 3x+6=60 3x+6-6=60-6 3x=54 3x/3=54/3 x=18 :. The numbers are 18,20 and 22
Naagmenkoma
Mark and Don are planning to sell each of their marble collections at a garage sale. If Don has 1 more than 3 times the number of marbles Mark has, how many does each boy have to sell if the total number of marbles is 113?
mariel Reply
Mark = x,. Don = 3x + 1 x + 3x + 1 = 113 4x = 112, x = 28 Mark = 28, Don = 85, 28 + 85 = 113
Pawel
how do I set up the problem?
Harshika Reply
what is a solution set?
Harshika
find the subring of gaussian integers?
Rofiqul
hello, I am happy to help!
Shirley Reply
please can go further on polynomials quadratic
Abdullahi
hi mam
Mark
I need quadratic equation link to Alpa Beta
Abdullahi Reply
find the value of 2x=32
Felix Reply
divide by 2 on each side of the equal sign to solve for x
corri
X=16
Michael
Want to review on complex number 1.What are complex number 2.How to solve complex number problems.
Beyan
yes i wantt to review
Mark
16
Makan
x=16
Makan
use the y -intercept and slope to sketch the graph of the equation y=6x
Only Reply
how do we prove the quadratic formular
Seidu Reply
please help me prove quadratic formula
Darius
hello, if you have a question about Algebra 2. I may be able to help. I am an Algebra 2 Teacher
Shirley Reply
thank you help me with how to prove the quadratic equation
Seidu
may God blessed u for that. Please I want u to help me in sets.
Opoku
what is math number
Tric Reply
4
Trista
x-2y+3z=-3 2x-y+z=7 -x+3y-z=6
Sidiki Reply
can you teacch how to solve that🙏
Mark
Solve for the first variable in one of the equations, then substitute the result into the other equation. Point For: (6111,4111,−411)(6111,4111,-411) Equation Form: x=6111,y=4111,z=−411x=6111,y=4111,z=-411
Brenna
(61/11,41/11,−4/11)
Brenna
x=61/11 y=41/11 z=−4/11 x=61/11 y=41/11 z=-4/11
Brenna
Need help solving this problem (2/7)^-2
Simone Reply
x+2y-z=7
Sidiki
what is the coefficient of -4×
Mehri Reply
-1
Shedrak
A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
Kimberly Reply
Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
August Reply
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
Leonardo Reply
How do i figure this problem out.
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
Shanjida
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
s.
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English home language grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11041/1.1
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