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English first additional language

Grade 8

Entrepreneurship: wheels can give you wings!

Module 8

More about words

Activity 1:

Something about words

[lo 3.8.1, 6.9]

Using A Dictionary

A dictionary lists words in alphabetical order so that it is easy to find a word. It explains the meaning and origin of a word and shows all the different meanings that a word might have. Some dictionaries give the equivalent of a word in another language.

What are guidewords ?

  • These words appear at the top of the page.
  • The word in the top left-hand corner of the left-hand page, and the word in the top right-hand corner of the right-hand page show the first and last words on the doublespread.

Look at the following abbreviations :

  • adj. adjective n. noun pl. plural
  • adv. adverb v. verb sl. slang

Study the column on the left. This is what a page from a dictionary looks like. Use this to find the answers to the questions on the right.

bang n.,&v. – n. 1 a loud noise 2 an explosion 3 the report of a gun 4 a fringe of hair cut straight across the forehead. – v. 1 to shut noisily 2 to cause a sound like an explosion. banger n. 1 Brit. sl. a sausage bangle n. ornamental band worn round the arm or ankle. banish v. to expel a person esp. from a country. banjo n. (pl. – os or –oes) a stringed musical instrument bank 1 n. 1 the edge of land by a river 2 a mass of clouds bank 2 n.,&v. –n a financial business where money is deposited or withdrawn. -v. to rely on. 1 . What is the British slang word for a sausage? 2 . How many meanings does this list give for the noun “bang”? 3 . What word can be used for “the side of a river” as well as a place where “money is deposited and withdrawn”? 4 . What would you do with a bangle? 5 . If you needed to make music, what would you buy?

Activity 1:

More about words

[lo 3.8.2, 6.9]


dough confectionery splendid route
mental disillusioned physical sculptor
scenery immediately continent pedalled
ruffian indigenous gruelling remnants
bankrupt excitement adversaries remnants

Arrange the twenty words in the word-box above in alphabetical order. The educator will time you!

From the word-box on the previous page choose the correct word to complete each of the following sentences. The first letter of each missing word has been given. (Note that the word in italics explains the meaning.)

1. Your enemies are you’re a_______________

2. Your m______________ powers are the powers of your mind.

3. The protea is an i.____________ flowering shrub which grows naturally in South Africa.

4. People who feel d___________must try not to continue to feel disappointed ; they must handle their disappointment in a positive way.

5. A baker prepares d______________ by making a mixture of flour and water .

6. It is important to keep your body in good shape by getting enough p.________ exercise.

7. You will need a road map to plan your r_________ from Johannesburg to CapeTown.

8. The school bully was a r____________ who was the leader of a bunch of hooligans .

9. As we cycled through the countryside , we admired the s___________________

10. It was a g________________ track. Only those who were tough could complete the race.

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11042/1.1
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