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English first additional language

Grade 8

Entrepreneurship: wheels can give you wings!

Module 8

More about words

Activity 1:

Something about words

[lo 3.8.1, 6.9]

Using A Dictionary

A dictionary lists words in alphabetical order so that it is easy to find a word. It explains the meaning and origin of a word and shows all the different meanings that a word might have. Some dictionaries give the equivalent of a word in another language.

What are guidewords ?

  • These words appear at the top of the page.
  • The word in the top left-hand corner of the left-hand page, and the word in the top right-hand corner of the right-hand page show the first and last words on the doublespread.

Look at the following abbreviations :

  • adj. adjective n. noun pl. plural
  • adv. adverb v. verb sl. slang

Study the column on the left. This is what a page from a dictionary looks like. Use this to find the answers to the questions on the right.

bang n.,&v. – n. 1 a loud noise 2 an explosion 3 the report of a gun 4 a fringe of hair cut straight across the forehead. – v. 1 to shut noisily 2 to cause a sound like an explosion. banger n. 1 Brit. sl. a sausage bangle n. ornamental band worn round the arm or ankle. banish v. to expel a person esp. from a country. banjo n. (pl. – os or –oes) a stringed musical instrument bank 1 n. 1 the edge of land by a river 2 a mass of clouds bank 2 n.,&v. –n a financial business where money is deposited or withdrawn. -v. to rely on. 1 . What is the British slang word for a sausage? 2 . How many meanings does this list give for the noun “bang”? 3 . What word can be used for “the side of a river” as well as a place where “money is deposited and withdrawn”? 4 . What would you do with a bangle? 5 . If you needed to make music, what would you buy?

Activity 1:

More about words

[lo 3.8.2, 6.9]


dough confectionery splendid route
mental disillusioned physical sculptor
scenery immediately continent pedalled
ruffian indigenous gruelling remnants
bankrupt excitement adversaries remnants

Arrange the twenty words in the word-box above in alphabetical order. The educator will time you!

From the word-box on the previous page choose the correct word to complete each of the following sentences. The first letter of each missing word has been given. (Note that the word in italics explains the meaning.)

1. Your enemies are you’re a_______________

2. Your m______________ powers are the powers of your mind.

3. The protea is an i.____________ flowering shrub which grows naturally in South Africa.

4. People who feel d___________must try not to continue to feel disappointed ; they must handle their disappointment in a positive way.

5. A baker prepares d______________ by making a mixture of flour and water .

6. It is important to keep your body in good shape by getting enough p.________ exercise.

7. You will need a road map to plan your r_________ from Johannesburg to CapeTown.

8. The school bully was a r____________ who was the leader of a bunch of hooligans .

9. As we cycled through the countryside , we admired the s___________________

10. It was a g________________ track. Only those who were tough could complete the race.

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11042/1.1
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