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Life orientation

Grade 7

Rights and responsibilities

Module 5

Ten fundamental values and human rights as set out in the South African Constitution

As citizens of this country and learners with a senior position in your school, you should know the basic values and rights as outlined in the constitution of our country. You must reflect on the content, make sure that you understand it, and follow the guidelines that have been set out in it. Seeing that the present government and the new constitution were only instituted in 1995, many people are still unaware of their rights and responsibilities as citizens of this country.

Activity 1:

To discuss human rights and the definition thereof

[lo 2.1]

Read the table below attentively and discuss it with your educator and classmates.

Human rights Description
1. Democracy We strive towards a sovereign, democratic South Africa:
  • the right to vote for all citizens over 18;
  • a national voters’ roll;
  • elections held regularly;
  • a multi-party government.
2. Social rights and equity We strive towards a free and secure country:
  • freedom of expression;
  • sufficient housing;
  • health services;
  • basic schooling;
  • personal safety.
3. Equality We strive towards a country where everyone is equal before the law:
  • all citizens must be given equal opportunities in every sphere;
  • we must all be able to live together and communicate as equals.
4. Non-racism and non-sexism We strive towards a country where previous racism and gender discrimination will be eradicated systematically:
  • each citizen must be given the opportunity to realise his/her full potential, regardless of race or gender.
5. Ubuntu (human dignity) We acknowledge the need for:
  • understanding in contrast to reprisal;
  • redress, not revenge;
  • ubuntu, not indignity.
6. An open community We strive towards a country with a transparent constitution and judiciary:
  • a system of government that reflects the will of the people;
  • freedom of opinion, the press and religion.
7. Accountability and responsibility We strive towards a country where each citizen accepts responsibility for his/her own actions:
  • organisations and councils accept responsibility for the groups under their management;
  • basic responsible and socially acceptable behaviour is maintained.
8. Rule of law As a state, South Africa is founded on the constitution as the highest authority, and the rule of law is supreme:
  • all citizens must respect accepted codes of conduct and discipline; and
  • obey laws, rules and regulations in every sphere of civil life.
9. Respect
  • we strive towards a community where every citizen will respect and consider him-/herself and his/her neighbour.
10. Reconciliation We aspire to a future where our country and its people will be characterised by a sense of unity and peaceful co-existence:
  • unity in diversity;
  • healing from the strife and injustice of the past.


Learning outcomes(LOs)
LO 2
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENTThe learner will be able to demonstrate an understanding of and commitment to constitutional rights and responsibilities, and to show an understanding of diverse cultures and religions.
Assessment standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
2.1 discusses the application of human rights as stated in the South African Constitution;
2.2 explains how to counter gender stereotyping and sexism;
2.3 discusses the significance of volunteer organisations;
2.4 explains how recognition of diverse cultures can enrich South African society;
2.5 explains the role of oral traditions and scriptures in a range of the world’s religions.

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Life orientation grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 10, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11029/1.1
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