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English first additional language

Grade 7

Module 4

Silent reading and written work

1. SILENT READING

(a) Read the following extract carefully, and answer the questions .

TRAINING YOUR CAT

Contrary to popular belief, cats can be trained - although it does take a little patience. The most important rule to remember is that rewards are much more effective than punishment. Your punishing her for misbehaviour can easily damage the delicate relationship between you and your kitten. A stern "No!" can be effective, but more physical expressions of disapproval are almost invariably counter-productive. You should approach training by taking a step at a time, continually rewarding desired actions and offering no encouragement for bad behaviour.

No kitten will come to an owner if she expects to be punished. Only love and reward can persuade your kitten to come when you call her name. Use your kitten's name regularly at mealtimes and play sessions. Once she begins to associate her name with pleasant experiences, try adding the word "come" just after it. Use this technique just before you set down her feeding dish. Once she has begun to grasp the meaning of the new command, reinforce her behaviour with a reward and affection.

Once a kitten learns to use furniture and curtains to sharpen her claws, it will be hard to convince her to stop. Start training her as soon as possible on a scratching post. As with litter tray training, the secret is to show the kitten what to do. Hold her near the post and scratch her claws on the surface. She'll soon form an attachment to her new exercise toy.

Although cats, unlike dogs, do not take naturally to walking on a lead, they can be trained to do so - provided you start while your cat is still a kitten. For this purpose, you'll need a lead and a harness (collars are too easily slipped off). Begin with short walks in you kitten's familiar surroundings before venturing out of doors. Let your kitten wander where she likes - provided she stays out of danger. Don't try to make her heel like a dog; let her follow along in your footsteps if she likes. With a few training sessions a week, you'll find that your cat will look forward to brief outings with you on a regular basis.

(b) Answer the following questions by underlining the correct answer.

(i) To train your cat takes

  • a lot of hard work
  • a little patience
  • little time
  • a long time

(ii) To punish a cat can

  • help her to behave
  • help her with effective training
  • upset her
  • easily damage your relationship

(iii) When you want to persuade your kitten to come to you

  • reward and love her
  • shout at her
  • call her different names
  • give her some snacks

(iv) To prevent your kitten from sharpening her claws on your curtains and furniture

  • cut her nails
  • punish her
  • train her to use a scratching post
  • keep her outside

(v) If you want to take your cat on regular outings

  • use a collar
  • train her with a lead and a harness
  • put her in a basket
  • try to make her heel like a dog

(vi) Find words in the extract with the same meaning as

  • coaching
  • destroyed
  • vulnerable
  • well-known
  • taking a risk

Questions & Answers

I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11019/1.1
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