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Economic and management sciences

Grade 7

Economic policy direction (1910 – 1994)

Module 11

Overview of south africa’s economy (1910 – 1948)

After the end of the Second Boer War there were four independent provinces in South Africa: The Cape Colony, the two former Boer republics (Transvaal and the Orange Free State), and Natal. Each had its own parliament. In 1910 they were united to form the Union of South Africa.

We are going to study the development of South Africa’s economy according to a time-line. Explanatory notes will be provided throughout, to shed some light on the important moments in the development of the economy.

a) The regime of the two generals – Botha and Smuts 1910 to 1924

When the Union of South Africa was founded in 1910, the three important parties joined forces and established the South African National Party. Gen. Louis Botha was the prime minister. The opposition parties formed the Unionist Party. Both parties envisaged unity between white Afrikaans- and English-speaking people, establishing one South African nation.

Botha’s aim was to unite English- and Afrikaans-speakers. He made it his mission in life to bridge the gap between the two groups.

Hertzog fought for the interests of the Afrikaner.

The continuing friction between Botha and Herzog was the reason why Hertzog founded his own party, the Nationalist Party.

Any male citizen who was a British subject could vote if he:

  • Could write his name, address and occupation.
  • Earned more than ₤50 in wages per year, or resided on a property to the value of ₤75 or more.

These qualifications eliminated most black males, even if they inhabited traditional (ethnic) land.

Activity 1:

To establish what percentage of each population group made up the country’s total population

[lo 2.1]

In 1910 the population of the Union of South Africa comprised the following:

  • whites – 1 278 000
  • Coloureds – 517 000
  • blacks – 3 956 000
  • Asians – 148 000

What percentage did each population group make up of the total population? Write down the percentage next to each population group.

Activity 2:

To establish what percentage of men in each population group had the vote

[lo 2.1]

What percentage of men in each of the population groups had the vote? Write down the percentage next to each population group.

  • white males – 497 700
  • Coloured males – 46 200
  • black males – 76 000

c) Native Land Bill (Act on Possession of Land) 1913

The most important act passed during this time was the Naturellen Grond Wet which became of force in June 1913. This act allocated land to blacks in their own areas (reserves) and forbade the selling of white land to blacks, and black land to whites.

This act was the result of people’s fears and concerns about blacks who entered white areas. The large majority of these blacks were squatters who settled on private and state land.

This was the first act in the Union of South Africa that resulted in separate areas.

d) The founding of the ANC

The South African National Congress, later the African National Congress (ANC) insisted on the abolishment of this act. In February 1914 they sent a delegation to London, asking the British government to abolish this act, but without success, for the British government was not prepared to get involved in South African affairs.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Economic and management sciences grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 10, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11025/1.1
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