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English first additional language

Grade 7

Module 3

Comprehension

1. THE ORIGIN OF THE CAT

(a) Read the following extract carefully.

The earliest records of domestic cats are written and painted on the walls of the tombs of the Pharaohs of Egypt and are over 4 000 years old. Sleek, shorthaired, long-legged cats were etched side-by-side with figures of Egyptian men working in the fields.

In Egypt the cat was worshipped as a sacred animal and in the event of fire, the cat was rescued first! We are not sure how the cat came to be so high up in the divine order of things of the Egyptians, but it is thought that these people were the first to appreciate the cat's skilful ability to get rid of the pests, such as rats and mice, which infested the fields and cities.

When cats died, they were treated with great respect and were often mummified or embalmed. This involved being wrapped in tight bandages and buried in miniature coffins which were decorated with gold.

If one killed a cat in Egypt, the penalty was death and many an unsuspecting foreigner met his end in this way.

It was illegal to remove a cat from Egypt, but these gods were gradually smuggled out to the East and to Europe. They were very popular in countries such as Japan, Greece and Rome, and because they were so very precious, they were often kept on leads. They were possessed by many princes and noblemen.

It was only in the Middle Ages that the cat fell from its pedestal, rather awkwardly and without the grace that it was accustomed to. There were groups of people in Germany who started to use the cat for evil purposes. The Church believed the cat-worshippers to be witches and many people were tortured for witchcraft. There was mass hysteria among the ordinary people who then started to link cats with the devil.

But fortunately the panic ended and the common cat once again won its way into the hearts of people all over the world. The cats were raised to their rightful position and were owned by scientists, politicians and clergymen.

So, don't be surprised if, some day, you notice your cat looking down at you, perfect and proud. He is most probably dreaming about days gone by when felines in Egypt were put first and when a cat could look at a king.

There are many proverbs about cats that probably originated from ancient Egyptian times. Have you heard the following: a cat may look at a king; an old cat knows fresh milk; a cat has nine lives; there are more ways of killing a cat than choking her with cream?

(b) Answer the following questions in full sentences, unless stated otherwise.

(i) How do we know that the Egyptians had domestic cats?

(ii) Why was the cat the first to be rescued in the event of a fire?

(iii) For what supposed reason did the Egyptians worship cats?

(iv) How did the Egyptians show their respect for a cat after its death?

(v) Why were many foreigners to Egypt put to death?

(vi) We are told that the cat "fell from its pedestal" during the Middle Ages. What does this mean?

(vii) Why did many ordinary people in Germany begin to associate cats with the devil?

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11019/1.1
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