# 2.7 Othographic drawings

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## [lo 1.2]

What is an orthographic drawing?

It is a method of drawing a 3D object correctly as seen from different views. Each view is drawn as if it is a flat surface and in 2D. Usually a shape is drawn from three views, namely the front view, the side view and the overhead top view or plan.

a) Below there are some 3D figures. Next to each one of them there are three shapes. This shows what the objects will look like from the front, the side and from above. Write underneath each 2D figure whether it is the image as seen from the front, from the side or from above.

b) Let’s first practise how to make an orthographic drawing.

Remember:

• Do it on grid paper.
• See to it that the length, width and height of the shape are indicated. (Sketch 1).
• Start with the front view, which is always drawn, in the left-hand top corner.
• The top view is drawn next in the left-hand bottom corner. (Extend the vertical sides of the front view.)
• The side view (from the right) is always drawn in the right-hand top corner. (Extend the horizontal sides of the front view.)
• Each space on the axes represents one cm. Start with the first mark.
• Halve the remaining space diagonally across the front with a 45˚ diagonal line. Use this line to transfer the lengths from the top view to the side view.
• Complete all three views and provide the necessary captions.
• Now also make 2D drawings of the following 3D shapes. First indicate the views relevant to each shape.

## Assessment

Learning Outcomes(LOs)

LO 1

TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND SKILLS

The learner will be able to apply technological processes and skills ethically and responsibly using appropriate information and communication technologies

Assessment Standards(ASs)

We know this when the learner:

1.2 finds out about existing products relevant to a problem, need or opportunity, and identifies and compares their design aspects (e.g. who it is for, what it is for, what it looks like, what it is made of, how well it works, whether it will affect the environment).

what is the stm
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
why?
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
what does nano mean?
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Good
Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
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