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Arts and culture

Grade 6

Creating, interpreting and performing

Module 16

Visual arts: exploring space through perspective

Good day! We hope you will enjoy the following programme. You will view houses and buildings differently after this!

Activity 1:

To explore space through perspective

[lo 1.7]

  • You have been introduced to colour, line, tonal values, pattern, art forms and scale .
  • In this learning unit the focus will be on scale and perspective . Space and perspective will be explored further in a project where two- and three-dimensionality will be combined.
  • Perspective ” is a method whereby a feeling of space and distance is created in a drawing.

Your educator will help you to do the following:


First, look at all the parallel lines in the classroom. For instance, look at all the top and bottom sections of the door and the windows. The lines where the wall meets the ceiling and floor are also parallel. This means that the distance between the ceiling and the floor at the one end of the wall is the same as the distance at the other end. Look at the picture of a building below and then draw lines with a ruler on the ground, the bottom and top edges of the door(s) and window(s), the bottom edge of the roof and the top part of the roof.


Find a photograph of a house or a building that is seen from an oblique angle. A good place to look is in the home guide of a newspaper or in a property agent’s brochure. Paste the photo onto a sheet of paper. Draw the same lines as in Step 1, but draw the lines past the end of the house or building. What happens to the lines? Extend the lines now until they join up at one point. It could possibly happen outside the paper.


First, draw the front of a building. Then draw horizontal and parallel lines through the following parts of the house: the top of the roof, the bottom edge of the roof, the top and bottom edges of the windows and door(s) and the bottom of the wall on the ground. The drawing may be done in line only. Now draw a vertical line at the side of the house and place a dot in each spot where the horizontal lines cross the vertical line.


On the right side of another page, copy the vertical line with the dots that you drew in the previous step. Then draw a horizontal ground-line across the page at the bottom page, where the lowest dot is. On the left of the page, make a dot on the ground-line. This dot on the left-hand side must then be joined by means of soft pencil lines with the dots on the vertical line. The rest of the house can be drawn afterwards by means of vertical lines. This method can be repeated to create a number of adjoining houses, or even a whole row of houses in a street.

Activity 2:

To create a row of houses in a street in perspective

[lo 1.7]

  • You are now going to draw more houses in perspective, while using the same technique. Your educator will help.

Step 1

Draw a horizontal line almost at the bottom of the page that has been turned crosswise (i.e. “landscape”). Make a dot more or less in the centre of that line. Repeat the process that was done in Step 4 of the previous activity, on both sides of the paper in order to create a street scene. In the background you can draw the sky with clouds, mountains or trees to complete the scene. Then you must paste corrugated board over parts of the houses along the front of your drawing, closest to you. Finally, you can use pastels, crayons, paint or a combination of these to add some colour to the picture.

Remember that warm colours come to the foreground and cold colours move back. Therefore, use the warmer colours in front and the cold colours towards the back to emphasise the feeling of distance even more.

On a larger scale, this street scene could be used as backdrop for a puppet theatre or, on a very large scale, as the backdrop for a theatre production.


Learning Outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
CREATING, INTERPRETING AND PRESENTING The learner will be able to create, interpret and present work in each of the art forms.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.7 transforms visual information into structured compositions based on individually selected, real or imagined situations in South Africa , using available materials and appropriate techniques in both two-dimensional and three- dimensional work.

Questions & Answers

what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11007/1.1
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