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English first additional language

Grade 5

Module 17

Singular and plural; reading

ACTIVITY 1

TO ANALYSE WORD FORMATION

[LO 6.4.1]

Singular and Plural

… simply means: One and Many

Read the extract and:

  1. Underline all the singular nouns (singular = ONE ).
  2. Circle the plural nouns in RED (plural = more than ONE).

Punk Cat and Pasha, her mate, are raising a litter of kittens. Gemma, our little hairy friend, is very interested in the sleeping, breathing pile of fur, noses, ears, paws and tails . . .

What letter do you find at the end of each plural noun in the above box? ______

Identify other plural noun endings from the words in the sentence below. Write the singular noun of each word in the box provided.

The boxes on the shelves were filled with toys , potatoes and radios .

They were being sent to poor children of different countries .

3. Do you notice that some words change slightly in the plural form?

The first one is done for you.

Look for CLUES ! Let me show you!

Singular noun On what letter/s does the singular noun end? Plural noun What was added to these words when they changed to the plural form?
class ss classes
box x boxes
coach ch coaches
bush sh bushes
bus s buses
es

See! That was not so difficult. Just remember ‘-‘-es’ is added to singular nouns ending in ‘ss’, ‘x’, ‘ch’, ‘sh’ and ‘s’.

Now try these!

ci ty
f ly
count ry
The singular noun ends on a consonant and a -y
The –y changes into - ies

If a noun ends in y following a consonant , change the y to ies .

d ay
monk ey
t oy
The singular noun ends in a vowel and a –y .
Only an –s is added

If a noun ends in a – y following a vowel , only add an – s .

f shelves
f roofs
fe wives
The f changes into – ves or only gains an ‘s .

(This one is tricky!)

When a noun ends in a single _______ or _____, change the f into ______

potato o
tomato o
mosquito o
es

There is no firm rule for these words. Some plurals end in es ; others only take an s . (Note: All musical terms end in - os .)

Take a look and then add a few of your own examples:

mouse - mice foot - feet

child - children

Your examples:

Can you think of any nouns which do not change in the plural form? In other words, they stay the same ?

Some nouns take on a singular form, because they cannot be counted.

Some words appear only in the plural form. Can you name examples of these?

4.Change these singular nouns into the plural form:

a. baby - b. thief -

c. calf - d. bull -

e. chief - f. chimney -

g. sky - h. water -

i. secretary - j. elf -

k. journey - l. torch -

m. fox - n. atlas -

o. key - p. party -

q. silo - r. radio -

s. house- t. louse -

5. Change these nouns into their singular form:

a. batteries - k. buffaloes-

b. buck - l. wolves -

c. churches - m . infernos-

d. memories- n. heroes -

e. trolleys - o. remedies-

f. leaves - p. mice -

g. photos - q. elephants-

h. gases - r. benches -

i. loaves - s. geese -

j. sheep - t. women -

Assessment

LO 3

READING AND VIEWING The learner will be able to read and view for information and enjoyment, and to respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.

We know this when the learner:

3.2 understands, in a simple way, some elements of poetry:

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 22, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10992/1.2
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