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English first additional language

Grade 5

Module 17

Singular and plural; reading

ACTIVITY 1

TO ANALYSE WORD FORMATION

[LO 6.4.1]

Singular and Plural

… simply means: One and Many

Read the extract and:

  1. Underline all the singular nouns (singular = ONE ).
  2. Circle the plural nouns in RED (plural = more than ONE).

Punk Cat and Pasha, her mate, are raising a litter of kittens. Gemma, our little hairy friend, is very interested in the sleeping, breathing pile of fur, noses, ears, paws and tails . . .

What letter do you find at the end of each plural noun in the above box? ______

Identify other plural noun endings from the words in the sentence below. Write the singular noun of each word in the box provided.

The boxes on the shelves were filled with toys , potatoes and radios .

They were being sent to poor children of different countries .

3. Do you notice that some words change slightly in the plural form?

The first one is done for you.

Look for CLUES ! Let me show you!

Singular noun On what letter/s does the singular noun end? Plural noun What was added to these words when they changed to the plural form?
class ss classes
box x boxes
coach ch coaches
bush sh bushes
bus s buses
es

See! That was not so difficult. Just remember ‘-‘-es’ is added to singular nouns ending in ‘ss’, ‘x’, ‘ch’, ‘sh’ and ‘s’.

Now try these!

ci ty
f ly
count ry
The singular noun ends on a consonant and a -y
The –y changes into - ies

If a noun ends in y following a consonant , change the y to ies .

d ay
monk ey
t oy
The singular noun ends in a vowel and a –y .
Only an –s is added

If a noun ends in a – y following a vowel , only add an – s .

f shelves
f roofs
fe wives
The f changes into – ves or only gains an ‘s .

(This one is tricky!)

When a noun ends in a single _______ or _____, change the f into ______

potato o
tomato o
mosquito o
es

There is no firm rule for these words. Some plurals end in es ; others only take an s . (Note: All musical terms end in - os .)

Take a look and then add a few of your own examples:

mouse - mice foot - feet

child - children

Your examples:

Can you think of any nouns which do not change in the plural form? In other words, they stay the same ?

Some nouns take on a singular form, because they cannot be counted.

Some words appear only in the plural form. Can you name examples of these?

4.Change these singular nouns into the plural form:

a. baby - b. thief -

c. calf - d. bull -

e. chief - f. chimney -

g. sky - h. water -

i. secretary - j. elf -

k. journey - l. torch -

m. fox - n. atlas -

o. key - p. party -

q. silo - r. radio -

s. house- t. louse -

5. Change these nouns into their singular form:

a. batteries - k. buffaloes-

b. buck - l. wolves -

c. churches - m . infernos-

d. memories- n. heroes -

e. trolleys - o. remedies-

f. leaves - p. mice -

g. photos - q. elephants-

h. gases - r. benches -

i. loaves - s. geese -

j. sheep - t. women -

Assessment

LO 3

READING AND VIEWING The learner will be able to read and view for information and enjoyment, and to respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.

We know this when the learner:

3.2 understands, in a simple way, some elements of poetry:

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 22, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10992/1.2
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