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Social sciences: history

Grade 5

The story of your province

Module 3

The past of your province: maps

HOW MAPS CAN HELP YOU TO HAVE A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THE PAST OF YOUR PROVINCE

Activity 1:

How to use a map

[lo 1.2]

(a) One day you come across this map of the South Western Cape in a museum. The curator later asks you to help add the following five pieces of information to the map:

SELECT THE APPROPRIATE SKETCH AND DRAW IT ON THE MAP IN THE APPROPRIATE FRAME.

(b) Which events probably took place if the following objects were found during excavations in a cave near Saldanha Bay?

Scrapers, Pots, Wooden implements, Bone-points, Stones with holes

(c) Aha, the dining utensils!

Make a list with five instructions how you would eat with your stone cutlery...

Farmers of the iron-age

The following maps indicate the extent to which Iron-age farmers entered South Africa by A.D. 200 (approximately the same time as the Khoina). They were mainly farmers and already used iron tools. They preferred the eastern parts of the country because the c _________was favourable for crops and the ________l was fertile. Black agriculturalists mostly farmed with sheep and goats, and ploughed the land. On the side they hunted and gathered. Farming was hard work. They therefore trekked around less and settled in particular areas. Bushy areas were cleaned for agriculture. By A.D. 1000 early farmers started giving more attention to cattle farming and started to trek in search of grazing. This became more important than agriculture.

(d) Use the following maps, table and articles to answer the questions:

metal tools

stock farming

black languages

agriculture

SOURCE 1

SOURCE 2

IRON-AGE FARMERS ENTER

THE COUNTRY

by 150 A.D. farmers lived on the highlands of Zimbabwe

200 A.D. farmers lived along the coast of Mozambique

250 A.D. farmers lived at Mzonjani in Natal

600 A.D. farmers lived in the wide river valleys of Natal

650 A.D. farmers lived in the southern part of the Transkei

SOURCE 3

SOURCE 4

The black farmers were well organized. Each group usually included a number of families and relatives. They had to look after their own members, as well as the elderly and the sick. Part of the harvest always had to be stored for times of need like droughts. Normally the oldest man was regarded as the head of the family.

Refugees, supporters, other relatives and strangers were also invited to join the group. The men usually had to look after the cattle, while the women worked in the fields. In areas more suitable for agriculture the men also had to work in the fields, seeing that it was their greatest source of income. Women however, were allowed to tend to small livestock, like goats and poultry.

QUIZ!

Where were the building materials for the houses found?

Which materials were used for tools?

Why are there so many ash-heaps in this village?

How did these farmers forge iron?

Assessment

LO 1

HISTORICAL ENQUIRY The learner will be to use enquiry skills to investigate the past and present.

We know this when the learner:

1.1 finds sources:

with guidance, selects sources useful for finding information on the past (e.g. oral, written and visual sources, including maps, graphs and tables, objects, buildings, monuments, museums);

1.2 works with sources:

records and categorises information from a variety of sources (e.g. oral, written and visual sources, including maps, graphs and tables, objects, buildings, monuments, museums);

1.3 answers the question:

  • continues to use information from sources to answer questions about people, events, objects, and places in the past.

Memorandum

ACTIVITY

a) 1) Diaz 4) Stone Age implements

2) Sharp-pointed pots 5) Hollowed out stone

  1. Rock engravings

b)

  • They were mostly agriculturists – kept cattle and tilled the soil. New foodstuffs were introduced. Wood was worked into domestic utensils (milk pails, dishes, pounding-blocks, spoons, pipes).c) Iron ore was melted down for weapons and agricultural implements (e.g. weed-hoes). Soft metal was used for ornaments (bangles).
  • Different languages: Nguni – (e.g. Zulu, Sotho, Swazi, Nedeble) and Xhosa (e.g. Sotho, Tswana, Venda) developed.
  • Pottery contributed to the fact that pots were made for cooking and storage purposes.
  • More and more settlements were built of stone . People began to live in larger groups and started to lead a more established way of life.

Quiz

First the iron-ore was melted at a high temperature in a blast furnace to separate the iron from the impurities of the rock. Large quantities of charcoal is used to keep the furnaces at the right temperature. After the melting process the iron, that now resembles a lumpy cake, is heated again. Then it is forged into utensils by beating and cutting it. Ash heaps are often found nearby.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: history grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10988/1.2
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