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Grade 4

The origin of the main religions of the world

Module 16

More about buddhism and christianity


Origin: Buddhism developed in Northern India, round about 500 A.D. It has now spread through the greater part of Southeast Asia.
What do they believe? BUDDHIST faith is founded on the teachings of the Buddha. Their symbol is a wheel with eight spokes.
Name of Founder: BUDDHASiddhartha Gautama was born in India in 563 A.D. He was a prince who lived the life of a prince until he left home at the age of 29 to begin a life of meditation and teaching. He was known as the Buddha or "the enlightened one".
Truths: The sacred principles are contained in the sacred writings of the Dhammapada .
  • Dukkha : All life is suffering.
  • Samoedaja : Desire causes suffering.
  • Nirodha : The extinction of/ being free of desire means the end of suffering.
  • Magga : Freedom is attained by means of the eight-fold path of Buddhism.
Key Points:
  • Spiritual fulfilment comes from right action and right thinking.
  • Life is a succession of birth, life and death
Holy Scriptures: The Dhammapada is the best known part of the Pali c anon, the collected teachings of Buddha. It contains the Four Truths and the Eight-fold Path: the right ideas, intentions, utterances, actions, ways of life, effort, consciousness and concentration.
Sacred Practices: MONKS Buddhist monks live simply and relinquish most of their possessions. They spend their time in prayer, teaching and meditation and beg for food.
Holy Days:
Name Event
Sakjamuni (or Wesak) Birth of Buddha
Buddha day Buddha's enlightenment
Panniswana His ascension from the earth
Paggoena Source of the life cycle
Holy Words: Anatta: There is no personal self Anicca: The self is impermanent Arahat: Worthy - a word used to describe Buddha Bhikku: Monk Jataka: Descriptions of Buddha's lives Nibbana: The state of peace Sangha: Order of monks Vihaia: Monastery Holy Places: THE GOLDEN PAGODA The Golden Pagoda in Rangoon, Burma, is one of the oldest Buddhist temples. It is covered in gold and the top of it is decorated with more than 4 000 diamonds.


Origin: Christianity originated in Palestine (which is now known as Israel) in approximately 30 A.D., when Jesus commenced his preaching.
What do they believe? Christians believe that Jesus Christ is the son of God who came to the earth to save people from their sins. Their symbol is the cross.
Name of Founder: JESUS CHRIST Jesus was born in Bethlehem, in Israel, in 4 B.C. At the age of 30 he began to preach and to heal the sick. Some years later he was tried by a Roman court of law and executed because his teachings clashed with Jewish law.
Truths: TEN COMMANDMENTS Christians adhere in particular to ten rules (commandments) established in the Old Testament:
  • Worship one God only.
  • Do not create images for worship.
  • Honour God's name.
  • Keep the Sabbath as a holy day.
  • Honour your parents.
  • Do not commit murder.
  • Do not commit adultery.
  • Do not steal.
  • Do not lie.
  • Do not envy.
Key Points:
  • Jesus arose from the dead.
  • The Holy Trinity is God the Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
  • Jesus preached that people should love God, and their neighbour as they loved themselves.
Holy Scriptures: BIBLEThis holy book consists of two parts, the Old and the New Testament. The Old Testament contains the holy scriptures of the Jews. The New Testament deals with the life of Jesus and the growth and teachings of the early Church.
Sacred Practices: BAPTISM This sacrament (holy action) by which people are submerged in water, is referred to as baptism. Christians right across the world are baptised in one way or another when they accept the Christian faith.
Holy Days:
Name Event
Christmas Celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ
Good Friday The day commemorating Jesus' crucifixion
Easter The day to celebrate Jesus' resurrection
Pentecost The coming of the Holy Spirit
Holy Words: Gospel: One of four books in the New Testament that describe the life of Jesus Holy Communion: Service in which bread and wine are taken to commemorate Christ's Last Supper Protestants: Christian churches and groups that separated from the Roman Catholic Church during the 16th century Roman Catholics: Members of the Roman Catholic Church over which the pope resides Holy Places: ST PETER'S BASILICAThe building of this Roman Catholic church in the Vatican in Rome took more than 100 years to complete. Ten architects were involved. One of them was Michelangelo Buonarotti, who designed the dome.

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11089/1.1
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