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Geography

Grade 4

The place where we live

(settlements characteristics)

Module 11

Land use

Land use

Activity 1

To identify the different areas in a town/city [lo 1.3, 2.1]

You have discovered by now that your town, suburb, residential area or city is divided into different parts. The area where most of the shops or offices are located, is called the central business core (with businesses, shops and offices). Then there is the industrial area (factories and workshops) and the residential areas (houses and flats). There is a good reason for this division because it would not be acceptable to live next to a factory with all its noise and activities.

What types of buildings do we find in these areas? Fill in the table.

Central business core Industrial area Residential area

Town planning

People who are responsible for designing towns and cities, are called town planners. Apart from determining where suburbs, industrial areas and the central business core should be situated, they must also see that land is made available for churches, schools, recreational areas, sports fields, streets, parking areas, and services such as railway lines, electricity supply, telephone communication, sewerage, etc. There are many aspects that town planners must keep in mind.

On official town or city maps land utilization is indicated in different colours. By means of the various colours, we can determine whether a specific section is used as an area for living or for industrial use.

Activity 2

To compare urban and rural settlements [lo 1.1, 1.3]

This table indicates which colours should be used for the different areas on a land utilization map. Colour the table in the prescribed colours and then colour in the land utilization map in the correct colours.

1. Business Sector (dark blue)
2. Industrial Area (purple)
3. High density occupation (orange)
(not numbered) Single occupation (yellow)
5. Sports and recreation (dark green)
6. Public open space (light green)
7. Agricultural land (dark green outline)
8. Schools (grey)
9. Churches (grey // 45 o black shading)

L and U se M ap

Explanation : To help you to identify land utilization, numbers are used.

All the plots without numbers are for general occupancy (residential areas).

Activity 3

To complete a land utilization map of your own environment [lo 1.1, 1.3]

Make a copy of a street plan of your town or suburb, e.g. the area where your school or home is located. Use only a section of the map. Use the same colours as for the previous activity and complete the land utilization map.

Go for a walk through your town, or try to do it the way you remember it, or from your discussion as a group.

After you have completed your map, you can compare it with a friend’s map.

Activity 4

To make suggestions of how to improve land utilization [lo 1.7, 2.2, 2.3]

  • In many towns and suburbs there is land that has not been utilized properly. It could be a riverbank that has not been developed as a proper recreational facility, or simply not cared for and therefore it is not an attractive nature spot.
  • Identify a neglected piece of land in your environment. Discuss as a group how it could be transformed into a recreational area or a nature reserve. Make a sketch to explain your proposal to your partners. Use the correct colours (look at activity 1 again) to colour in your plan to improve the area, as well as the surrounding area.

Compile the rules that will make it pleasant for people who visit the area.

Our rules

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2. ………………………………………………………………………………

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3. ………………………………………………………………………………

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5. ………………………………………………………………………………

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6. ………………………………………………………………………………

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7. ……………………………………………………………………………….

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8. ……………………………………………………………………………….

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9. ……………………………………………………………………………….

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10. ………………………………………………………………………………

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Assessment

Learning outcome 1: geographical enquiry

The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate geographical and

environmental concepts and processes.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner:

1.1 identifies information from various sources (maps, atlases, books);

1.3 identifies symbols used in different kinds of maps (including plan view, grids and map keys) [works with sources];

1.7 uses geographical and environmental concepts and terms to report on enquiries in different ways (e.g. writing a paragraph, using a poster, artwork).

Learning outcome 2: geographical knowledge and understanding

The learner will be able to demonstrate geographical and environmental knowledge and understanding.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

  • describes the features of the local settlement, including land uses, and compares them with examples from other places;
  • describes the importance of access to resources and services for people living in settlements;

2.3 describes how basic human needs were met in the past and at present.

Memorandum

Land use

The different areas in a town/city

Central business core Industrial area Residential area
Large office complexes Large factories Flats
Shopping centres Smaller storage places Houses
Businesses Workshops Townhouses
Storage places

Questions & Answers

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I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
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RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
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industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
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what is a peer
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What is meant by 'nano scale'?
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What is STMs full form?
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scanning tunneling microscope
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Rafiq
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Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
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Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
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Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
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Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
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hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
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Bharti
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11084/1.1
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