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Grade 4

Space and shape, patterns, data handling

Module 13

Investigate and compare two-dimensional shapes


  • To investigate and compare two-dimensional shapes by making them and drawing them on a grid [LO 3.3]
  • To make two-dimensional shapes with a focus on tessellation [LO 3.5]


You may work in pairs or in small groups. Use an old cornflake box (or other box) to make strips of cardboard. They must be wide enough for you to be able to punch a hole at both ends. Punch a hole at each end of each strip. Keep all your strips in an old envelope and bring them to the lesson. Also bring a packet of split pins to the lesson.

MAKING 2-DIMENSIONAL SHAPES: revision of properties and to test rigidity.

1. Each group/pair of learners must complete the following and record their findings on the dotted lines provided.

1.1 Triangles.

a) Make a three-sided figure by joining the ends of three strips of equal length by using split pins. Place your triangle on a table or on the floor and hold the corners. Is it possible to change the shape of the figure by pulling the corners (gently)?

b) Make another 3-sided shape with two strips of equal length and one strip of a different length. Pin it with the split pins. Again, place it on the table, hold the corners and try to change the shape by pulling one or more corners. Can the shape be changed?

c) Now make a 3-sided shape with three strips of different lengths. Pin it and place it on the table. Gently try to change its shape by pulling the corners. Can the shape be changed?

d) Pin two short strips of different lengths and make a square corner with them. Use them and one more strip to make a 3-sided shape with one square corner. (If you need to cut the third side to do this, do so.) Once you have pinned it, can the shape be changed?

1.2 Your group should now have four triangles, all of different shapes, but all with three sides. Use them to decorate the walls of your classroom. Make a neat, large label: TRIANGLES.

  • How many sides does any triangle have?
  • Are the sides straight or curved?
  • Is a triangle rigid , or can its shape be changed by pulling the corners?
  • A shape that cannot be changed is said to be rigid. This is why triangles are used in the construction of the frame on which the roof of a house is built. A triangle is strong. Triangles may also be seen in the steel framework of bridges.

Any triangle has three straight sides and is rigid.

2. Quadrilaterals.

2.1 Use four strips of equal length to pin a 4-sided shape. Can it be moved to have square corners and be a square?

2.2 Can the corners be pulled so that they are not square corners, but the shape is still a 4-sided shape with all the sides equal in length?

2.3 Use two long strips and two short strips and see what different quadrilaterals you can make. See if each shape can be changed by gently pulling the corners. Your shapes should include the following shapes:

a) the _______________________

b) a parallelogram

c) the trapezium

d) the ____________________

Questions & Answers

I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
Read about ancient clocks like_ hour glass, water clock and sun dial for a quiz and hand on Activity in the class
Neha Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Mathematics grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11101/1.1
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