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Sosiale wetenskappe: geskiedenis

Graad 7

Die groot trek verskuif grense

Module 3

Die voortrekkers in natal

Toe Dingane vir Shaka in 1828 opgevolg het, was die Zoeloe-ryk die magtigste in Afrika. In November 1837 het Retief, vergesel van Thomas Halstead, ‘n Britse handelaar wat as tolk opgetree het, na Mgungundlovu – die plek van die koning – gegaan. Retief wou met Dingane onderhandel oor grond suid van die Tugelarivier waar die Trekkers huise kon bou.

Die Zoeloes het die Voortrekkers as ‘n ernstige bedreiging beskou, maar was nie seker oor hoe om teen hulle op te tree nie. Ten einde hulle te toets, het Dingane vir Retief gestuur om vee wat deur die Tlokoa-opperhoof, Sekonyela (wat ook van gewere en perde gebruik gemaak het), terug te bring. Intussen het van die Voortrekkers die Drakensberge begin oorsteek sonder Retief of Dingane se toestemming.

Retief, oftewel Litivu, soos die Zoeloes hom genoem het, het gemaak soos Dingane versoek het. Onder die voorwendsel dat hy handskoene moes aanpas, is Sekonyela vasgebind, en is meer as 700 stuks vee, asook perde en wapens afgeneem. Oppad terug, by die laer, het die ouer, siek Maritz aangebied om in Retief se plek na Dingane te gaan. Toe Retief weier, het hulle hom gevra om minder mense met hom saam te neem, want hulle het nie vir Dingane vertrou nie.

Retief het egter geglo dat daar niks was om te vrees nie en hy het 70 mans en 30 helpers met hom saamgeneem na Mgungundlovu, want hy het geglo dat hy ‘n goeie indruk op die Zoeloes gemaak het. Hy wou aan die Zoeloes wys dat die Voortrekkers ‘n mag was om mee rekening te hou. Hulle het selfs skote buite die hoofkraal geskiet om hul teenwoordigheid aan te kondig. Dingane se gesteelde vee, sonder Sekonyela se wapens, is terugbesorg.

Die verdrag tussen die Zoeloes en die Voortrekkers is daar op 4 Februarie 1838 onderteken.

VERDRAG

Uit: Matthews J. 1882. Discovery History . Kaapstad: Maskew Miller Longman, Kaapstad

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om tussen feite en menings oor persone en gebeure in natalia te onderskei

[lu 3.2]

Eerwaarde Owen, die sendeling wat net buite Mgungundlovu gewoon het, het op die oggend van 6 Februarie 1838 vir Retief en sy manne in die geheim laat waarsku dat Dingane van plan was om hulle dood te maak. Kort voor hul vertrek is Retief en sy manne na die hoofkraal ontbied sodat Dingane hulle kon onthaal en groet. Volgens tradisie het die Trekkers sonder hul wapens gegaan. Terwyl die Voortrekkers bier gedrink het en na die Zoeloe-danse gekyk het, het Dingane skielik uitgeroep dat die “towenaars” (Trekkers) doodgemaak moes word.

a) Verskaf die korrekte antwoorde na aanleiding van die volgende bron:

Op Dinsdag 6 Februarie 1838 skryf Owen in sy dagboek:

  • Hierdie is ‘n bron.
  • het dit agtergelaat.
  • Dit het op ...............Februarie 18......... sy oorsprong gehad.
  • Dit is geskryf nadat .
  • Hierdie bewysstuk is belangrik (of onbelangrik) omdat .
  • Voorsien ‘n feit en ‘n opinie uit die bron.
  • Wat wil jy nog weet?

Die volgende opwindende oefening bied jou die geleentheid om historiese bronne te evalueer om sodoende die “raaisel” op te los! Hou ‘n klasgeprek oor die volgende onderwerpe:

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Geskiedenis graad 7. OpenStax CNX. Sep 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11022/1.1
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