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Aardrykskunde

Graad 4

Die plek waar ons woon

(nedersettingskenmerke)

Module 9

Die ontstaan van nedersettings

Nedersettings

1.redes vir die ontstaan van ‘n nedersetting

Mense het van die vroegste tye af begin om in groepe saam te woon. Soms was dit om hulself teen die vyand te beskerm en dan het hulle gewoonlik die natuurlike landvorme soos berge, riviere en die see gebruik as fronte teen die vyand. Boonop is daar dan waterslote of mure rondom gemaak om die vyand buite te hou.

Dikwels wil mense weet waarom ’n dorp of stad op ‘n spesifieke plek gebou of aangelê is. Kom ons kyk waarom Kaapstad juis dáár aangelê is.

Die veilige baai en vars water het ’n belangrike rol gespeel. Toe Jan van Riebeeck in 1652 naby die diep en veilige Tafelbaai ’n plek moes kies om die eerste fort te bou, het hy besluit dat dit so na as moontlik aan die riviertjie, wat hulle later die Varsrivier genoem het, moes wees.

Behalwe die beskikbaarheid van water (wat altyd belangrik is) en ’n baai (aan die kus), is daar nog redes wat genoem kan word wat kan bepaal waar stede en dorpe ontstaan.

Veiligheid speel ook ‘n rol. Veral in die vroeë tye was dit belangrik vir mense om op ’n plek te woon waar hulle hulself maklik teen die vyand kon verdedig. ‘n Goeie voorbeeld hiervan is Koning Mosjesj wat met sy volk, die Basoetoes, bo-op ‘n berg met ‘n plat kruin, Thaba Bosigo, gewoon het. Daar was hulle veilig teen vyande.

Nog plekke waar mense hulle in die verlede gevestig het, was waar paaie gekruis, ’n rivier oorgesteek of deur ’n bergkloof gegaan het.

Baie dorpe in Suid-Afrika het ook ontstaan waar sendingstasies of kerke opgerig is.

Party mense het hul eenvoudig op ‘n plek gaan vestig omdat dit vir hulle baie mooi was. Sulke gebiede het dan dikwels later tot vakansie-oorde ontwikkel (toeriste-aantreklikhede).

Dorpe het ook langs die see ontstaan omdat die mense die dorp per boot moes kon bereik (hawestede). In groot dele van Suid-Afrika is daar vroeg reeds waardevolle minerale soos diamante, goud en steenkool ontdek. Mense het daarheen beweeg, agter die werksgeleenthede en moontlike rykdom aan (myndorpe/-stede).

‘n Dorp soos Saldanha is baie bekend vir die groot hoeveelheid vis wat daar gevang, verwerk en verskeep word (nywerheidsdorpe/-stede).

’n Laaste rede wat lei tot die ontstaan van dorpe, is dat regerings besluit dat mense op ’n bepaalde plek moet gaan woon.

Aktiwiteit 1

Om die volgende dorpe onder die korrekte opskrif te klassifiseer [lu 1.7, 2.1]

Knysna ; Port Elizabeth ; Kimberley ; Kaapstad ; Sasolburg ; Warmbad ; Skukuza ; Heroldsbaai ; Hogsback ; Koffiefontein

Myndorp/-stad Hawedorp/-stad Nywerheidsdorp/-stad Toeriste-aantreklikheid

Aktiwiteit 2

Om uit te vind waarom julle stad, dorp of woonbuurt ontstaan het [lu 2.1]

(Vra julle onderwyser, julle ouers of die mense wat in die plaaslike museum werk om te help en skryf ’n paragraaf oor jul woonplek.)

Hieronder volg ‘n paar voorbeelde van vrae wat julle kan vra. dink self aan nog meer vrae en voeg dit by.

1. Hoe oud is ons dorp/stad?

2. Hoe het ons dorp/stad ontstaan?

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
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Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
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Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
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Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
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Cied
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Source:  OpenStax, Aardrykskunde graad 4. OpenStax CNX. Oct 21, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11083/1.2
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