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    Procedure

  1. Make a hole at the stem end in order to clean the instrument inside and out. The hole will not be filled in, but will be left open.
  2. Braid a section of the string and tie or fuse the braided section into a fairly small loop.
  3. Cut lengths of twine that are about five times longer than the length of the gourd. (Better to cut off unneeded ends than to run out of string before you're done.)
  4. Draw each length through a braid in the loop. Make a knot at the braided loop at the middle of each length, so that it has two long ends flowing away from the loop. Space the lengths evenly around the loop. How many you use depends on how dense you want the bead net to be. If you want a particular look or beading pattern, plan it out carefully and determine how many string lengths you'll need for your pattern.
  5. Now you will use the string lengths to weave a net around the gourd. You can settle the net loop on your work surface, secure the gourd over it, and weave upwards around the gourd, or secure the gourd in place, tape the loop loosely to the top of the gourd, and weave downward over the round part of the gourd.
  6. Each string length now has a left and a right end. Put a bead on each end, near the loop, and tie the right end of each string to the left end next to it, so that the beads are caught between the loop and the knots. Once you have made the first row, you now have a new set of left and right ends coming from each knot; repeat the procedure to make a second row, and you will begin to see the net forming. Continue in this way, making as many rows as are needed to cover the rounded part of the gourd.
  7. Finish the net by making another braided loop big enough to circle this end of the gourd or its neck. Pull each end through this braided loop before tying or fusing.

Gourd drum

A strong, long-lasting drum with a good sound is actually quite difficult to construct. A very thin but very tough material (such as rawhide) should be stretched very taut across the opening of a dried gourd section. Beating the drum often softens or loosens the drumhead, so constructing a drum that can be tightened is ideal. (Follow the links below for tips on making a high-quality gourd drum.) The simple drum suggested here will probably not survive many playing sessions.

    Materials

  • A relatively large, thick, heavy gourd.
  • A sheet of rawhide, canvas, plastic, plastic wrap, plastic bag, rubber, wrapping paper, waxed paper, poster board, or any thin material that resists tearing and will vibrate when stretched tight.
  • Very strong tape. If you have a material, such as hide, which strongly resists tearing, you will need strong twine and a tool to make holes in your material instead.
  • File, rasp, or sand paper to smooth the cut edge of the gourd.
  • Any materials you wish to use for decoration, and/or varnish or wood strengthener.

    Procedure

  1. Cut the gourd so that you have a piece consisting of approximately the bottom half to bottom three-quarters of the gourd. Smooth the edge so that it will not cut through the drum head.
  2. Clean and dry this piece. Decorate as desired. Add varnish, wood sealant, or wood strengthener as needed.
  3. Cut a portion of the material so that it will be large enough to easily and completely cover the cut side of the gourd, with two to three inches of material draped over the edge at every point.
  4. Start by taping one side of the edge of the material to the outside of the gourd. Pull the material as taut as possible while you continue to tape the edge firmly to the gourd with a very strong tape. Young children may need help with this step.
  5. If you are using rawhide or other material that will not tear, cut 6 or 8 holes, evenly spaced around the part of the material that drapes past the edge of the gourd. Draw lengths of twine or cord through opposite holes and around the outside of the gourd. Pull on all of the holes evenly to make the material as taut as possible before tying the twine at the underside of the drum.
  6. Unless the resulting drum is very sturdy, encourage the students to play on it with their hands, bongo-style, rather than with a drum stick.

Resources

As of this writing, the following were just a few of the many useful resources available on-line. There were also various farms and companies selling dried gourds, gourd seeds, and even gourd-instrument-making kits. There are also how-to books on making various musical instruments, for example, Making Gourd Musical Instruments: Over 60 String, Wind and Percussion Instruments and How to Play Them , by Ginger Summit and Jim Widess. (I have not tried any of these specifically, and so cannot make recommendations.)

Those who care greatly about the visual impact of the instrument should note that "gourd art" is a separate subject, with many books and sites dedicated to making beautiful objects out of gourds, and many of these gourd art techniques can be applied to gourd instruments.

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
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Source:  OpenStax, Musical travels for children. OpenStax CNX. Jan 06, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10221/1.11
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