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Ecuador

  • Embryonic stem cell research as well as therapeutic and reproductive cloning is banned.
  • Research on human embryos (and therefore cloning) is prohibited as of June 1998.

Peru

  • Embryonic stem cell research is not specifically prohibited, but therapeutic and reproductive cloning are banned.
  • Fertilization of a human ovum with intent other than procreation is prohibited, as well as human cloning (General Health Law, 1997).

Uruguay

  • Embryonic stem cell research and therapeutic cloning are not specifically prohibited, but reproductive cloning is.

Europe

Austria

  • Embryonic stem cell research as well as therapeutic and reproductive cloning is banned.
  • Reproductive medicine is acceptable only within stable heterosexual relationships for the purpose of reproduction. Embryos can be used only for implantation in the woman who has donated the oocytes , and for no other purposes. Donation of embryos or gametes is prohibited (Federal Law of 1992 Regulating Medically Assisted Procreation).

Belgium

  • Embryonic stem cell research and therapeutic cloning are permitted, but reproductive cloning is banned as of May 2003.

Czech republic

  • Embryonic stem cell research is permitted using lines created from unused IVF eggs.

Denmark

  • Embryonic stem cell research is not specifically prohibited, but therapeutic and reproductive cloning and the funding of such activities are as of 2003.

Estonia

  • Embryonic stem cell research is allowed, but reproductive and therapeutic cloning are banned.

Finland

  • Embryonic stem cell research and therapeutic cloning are permitted, but reproductive cloning is banned.
  • The act defines embryo as a fusion of gametes, so therapeutic cloning is permitted, but reproductive cloning is prohibited (Medical Research Act of 1999).

France

  • Embryonic stem cell research is allowed, but therapeutic and reproductive cloning are banned.
  • Research on human embryonic stem cells is now allowed until embryos are 6-8 days old. Embryos cannot be created specifically for research -- scientists must use existing embryos from IVF. Embryonic stem cell lines are typically imported from abroad.

Georgia

  • Embryonic stem cell research is not specifically prohibited, but therapeutic and reproductive cloning are.
  • Human cloning through the use of genetic engineering is prohibited (1997 Law on Health Care).

Germany

  • Embryonic stem cell research is permitted, but all forms of cloning (reproductive and therapeutic) are banned.
  • It is Illegal to create any new stem cell lines after December 2001.

Greece

  • Embryonic stem cell research is permitted, but reproductive cloning is banned.

Hungary

  • Embryonic stem cell research is not specifically prohibited, but reproductive and therapeutic cloning are.
  • The national law (1997) does not explicitly address or prohibit embryonic stem cell research or therapeutic cloning.

Iceland

  • Embryonic stem cell research is permitted using lines created from unused IVF eggs and for development or fertility research.
  • Reproductive and therapeutic cloning are prohibited (Act on Artificial Fertilisation, 1996).

Ireland

  • Embryonic stem cell research as well as therapeutic and reproductive cloning is banned.
  • Human cloning is prohibited because the "right to life of an unborn child is equal to that of the mother" as stated in the Constitution of Ireland.

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
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Source:  OpenStax, Stem cell research: a science and policy overview. OpenStax CNX. Aug 03, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10445/1.1
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