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Geography

Grade 5

Health and well-being

Module 35

Diseases and the workplace

A. Industries and industrial areas

South Africa is a reasonably prosperous country, especially if measured against African standards. An investigation into the prevalence of minerals and raw materials that are derived from the fishing industry, agriculture and forestry will indicate that these are the origins of our prosperity.

The products of our mining industry, and the raw materials referred to above, are processed in factories in order to add value to primary products and in the process, ultimately to create prosperity in the country. The numerous work opportunities that are created in factories, and the wages and salaries that are earned by factory staff, help to produce greater wealth among all sections of the population.

IS THERE MORE TO INDUSTRY THAN MERE ADVANTAGE?

In South Africa, as in most other countries in Africa, there is great unemployment. Any steps that are taken to create employment are welcomed. At one stage the Ceres group wanted to donate land to a fruit canning company in order to create jobs and increase productivity.

However, it would be foolish to do everything in one’s power to utilise the country’s raw materials as speedily as possible and to forget about the people and the environment .

In man’s endeavours to make money out of mining and agriculture, he does a great deal of good, but some of his decisions do not take the best interests of the people and the environment into consideration. One frequently reads and hears about court cases that are made against governments and companies in order to call them to account for past wrongs.

The countries in eastern Europe that were under the rule of the USSR for about 40 years before they took control of their own affairs in 1990 are good examples of how a government can ruin a country. At a certain stage the smoke from thousands of factories in these countries contained so many harmful substances that the trees started to die. Effluent that was spilled into the Rhine, Europe’s largest river, began destroying many kinds of plant and animal life in the early 1970s.

Activity 1:

To make deductions from a graphic representation

[lo 3.1; 3.3]

  • Study the drawing and explain the good plan that was devised to prevent water pollution in this river:

What was the plan that was devised?

B. The influence of industries

It is not only nature that is influenced by industries, but also the people who work in the industries.

Activity 2:

To identify and analyse problem situations and to make recommendations for their improvement

[lo 3.1; 3.3]

Study the newspaper reports and complete the questionnaire:

Report 1

Asbestosis victim blames unicity of dragging their feet

Helen Coetzee

CAPE TOWN - The unicity is dragging its feet while employees at the Athlone power station are suffering from lung cancer and asbestosis that they developed from inhaling asbestos fibre.

Translated from Die Burger, 26 June 2001

Report 2

Prieska speculates about who lie buried at the mine dump

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
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Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: geography grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10986/1.2
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