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Future generations

The economies of many nations with significant remaining tropical forest endowments are strongly dependent upon these natural assets. In forestry, this dependence is much more than a matter of the economic value for wood and non-wood forest products. The spatial dimensions of the protection furnished by intact forests extend not only to adjacent areas and local watersheds, but to faraway water systems and ultimately to seawater, the quality of which is so important to coral reefs and coastal fishing. Soil erosion, siltation, sedimentation, and disruption of water systems arising from deforestation take a heavy annual toll on productivity in agricultural and fisheries. In countries such as Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia, Costa Rica, and Brazil, this toll also threatens the foundation of future jobs and income in tourism, a labor-intensive industry in virtually all countries.

Shortages of tropical forests

Except in a few very low income and not, incidentally, already heavily deforested nations, present and future generations face no shortage of wood. But, continuation of present rates of degradation and deforestation does mean that both present and future generations confront a critical shortage of tropical forests, involving needless destruction of both important tangible economic values, as well as ecological and equity values. Moreover, all indications are that continued shrinking of the world’s tropical forests estate involves sizeable risks of destruction of other important social, biological, and intangible economic values ranging from heightened erosion, loss of productive habitat, both for traditional human forest dwellers and for forest creatures, to climate changes, loss of bio-diversity, as well as extinction of particular species.

Destruction of tangible economic values

Popular discussions of the world tropical forest dilemma often focus upon a supposed clash between economic, as opposed to broader social, values in tropical forest utilization. Positing the problem in this way is appropriate in one limited sense only. Some types of economic returns from forest conversions are not only tangible, and easily measured, but can be easily appropriated by loggers and agriculturists large and small. However, many of the real costs of generating these returns are neither easily assignable to the extractive activities, nor are they clearly apparent. But other types of returns from leaving tropical forest assets intact are not easily appropriable, and are much more intangible. Many of these returns are manifestly economic in nature and stem from both the productive and the protective functions of the forest. It may be seen, then, that quite apart from any clash between more tangible and measurable economic values and broader, less tangible social values in decision-making on forest land use, recent patterns of utilization of natural forest involve conflict between economic values as well. There is conflict on the one hand between considerations of the economic value of wood and land-cleaning for crops and cattle and on the other the economic value both of non-wood forest products and of the palpable, yet not readily measurable economic value of soil and watershed protection furnished by intact forests. In virtually all countries with tropical forest endowments, this conflict consistently has been resolved in favor of the former, more narrow, set of economic values.

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
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Source:  OpenStax, Economic development for the 21st century. OpenStax CNX. Jun 05, 2015 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11747/1.12
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