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Select View ->Library Browser ->Signal Processing Blockset ->Filtering->Adaptive Filters.

Highlight “Adaptive Filters”. Drag-and-drop the “LMS Filter” block onto the model.

Adding an LMS Filter Block

Setting the lms filter parameters

The most critical variable in an LMS filter is the “Step size (mu)”.

If “mu” is too small, the filter has very fine resolution, but reacts too slowly to the audio signal.

If “mu” is too great, the filter reacts very quickly, but the error also remains large.

We will start with 0.005.

Setting the Parameter “Set size (mu)”

Adding a delay

From the “Signal Processing Blockset”, highlight “Signal Operations”. Drag-and-drop the “Delay” Since we are working with frames, the delay from “Discrete Components” library will not work! block onto the model.

Adding a Delay

Setting the delay parameters

Because we are working with frames of 64 samples, it is convenient configure the delay using frames. Double-click on the “Delay” block.

Change the “Delay units” to Frames.

Set the “Delay (frames)” to 1. This makes the delay 64 samples.

Setting the Delay Size

Adding a dip switch and led

So we can hear the difference without LMS denoising and with LMS noise reduction, we will use a DIP switch of the DSK6713.

Adding a Switch and LED

Select View ->Library Browser ->Embedded Target for TI C6000 DSP. Highlight “DSK6713 Board Support”.

Drag-and-drop the “Switch” block onto the model. Also drag-and-drop the “LED” block onto the model.

Dip switch settings

The DIP switch needs to be configured. Double-click on the “Switch” block.

Select all the boxes and set “Data type” to Integer. The “Sample time” should also be set to “–1”.

Setting up the DIP Switch Values

Adding a constant, switch and relational operator

We now need to setup a way to switch between straight through without noise reduction and with LMS noise reduction.

Select View ->Library Browser ->Simulink. Highlight “Commonly Used Blocks”.

Drag-and-drop a “Constant” onto the model.

Drag-and-drop a “Switch” block onto the model.

Drag-and-drop a “Relational Operator” block onto the model.

Selecting the Commonly Used Blocks

Setting the constant value

The switch values lie between 0 and 15. We will use switch values 0 and 1. Double-click on the “Constant” block. Set the “Constant value” to 1 and the “Sample time” to “inf”.

Setting the Echo Delay Gain

Setting the constant data type

Click on the “Signal Data Types” tab. Set the “Output data type mode” to “int16”. This is compatible with the DAC on the DSK6713.

Data Type Conversion to 16-bit Integer

Setting the relational operator type

Double click on the “Relational Operator” block. Change the “Relational operator” to “==”. Click on the “Signal Data Types” tab.

Changing the Relational Operator

Setting the relational operator data type

Set the “Output data type mode” to “Boolean”. Click on “OK”.

Changing the Output Data Type

Joining the blocks

Move the blocks and join them as shown in the Figure below.

Joining the Blocks

Returning to the parent system

From the Toolbar, select the “Up Arrow” icon. This returns you to the next higher level.

Returning to the Parent System

Building the model

Selecting real-time workshop

Select Tools ->Real-Time Workshop ->Build Model.

Building the Model

Frames displayed on model

When built, the single lines are replaced by double lines. This shows frames.

Frames

The completed model running on code composer studio

From the folders on the left, select the source code for the project.

The Completed Model Running in Code Composer Studio

Different settings on the dsk6713

Microphone straight through to loudspeakers

To check out the microphone and loudspeakers, set the DIP switches on the DSK6713 as follows:

Switch Position 0

The microphone is fed directly to the loudspeakers. There is no LMS noise reduction.

Switch position for lms noise reduction

To run the “LMS Noise Reduction” subsystem, set the DIP switch to 1.

Switch Position 1 for LMS Noise Reduction

Some things to try

You may wish to experiment with different settings. Here are some suggestions.

Experiment with lms filter settings

Change the value of “Step size (mu)” between 0.0001 and 0.5. This is the critical value.

Low values of mu give good resolution, but a slow reaction time.

High values of mu give less resolution, but faster reaction times.

Find the best value of mu for noise reduction on the TI DSK6713.

Configuring the LMS Filter Block Parameter

Experiment with lms filter settings

Try different value of “Filter Length”. What is the minimum value that will allow the filter to work correctly?

Change from lms filter to rls filter

Inside the “Adaptive Filters” are different LMS types. Which are suitable for LMS denoising and which are not?

Available Adaptive Filter Types

Figure 40 –

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Questions & Answers

explain and give four Example hyperbolic function
Lukman Reply
The denominator of a certain fraction is 9 more than the numerator. If 6 is added to both terms of the fraction, the value of the fraction becomes 2/3. Find the original fraction. 2. The sum of the least and greatest of 3 consecutive integers is 60. What are the valu
SABAL Reply
1. x + 6 2 -------------- = _ x + 9 + 6 3 x + 6 3 ----------- x -- (cross multiply) x + 15 2 3(x + 6) = 2(x + 15) 3x + 18 = 2x + 30 (-2x from both) x + 18 = 30 (-18 from both) x = 12 Test: 12 + 6 18 2 -------------- = --- = --- 12 + 9 + 6 27 3
Pawel
2. (x) + (x + 2) = 60 2x + 2 = 60 2x = 58 x = 29 29, 30, & 31
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ok
Ifeanyi
on number 2 question How did you got 2x +2
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combine like terms. x + x + 2 is same as 2x + 2
Pawel
Mark and Don are planning to sell each of their marble collections at a garage sale. If Don has 1 more than 3 times the number of marbles Mark has, how many does each boy have to sell if the total number of marbles is 113?
mariel Reply
Mark = x,. Don = 3x + 1 x + 3x + 1 = 113 4x = 112, x = 28 Mark = 28, Don = 85, 28 + 85 = 113
Pawel
how do I set up the problem?
Harshika Reply
what is a solution set?
Harshika
find the subring of gaussian integers?
Rofiqul
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Shirley Reply
please can go further on polynomials quadratic
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I need quadratic equation link to Alpa Beta
Abdullahi Reply
find the value of 2x=32
Felix Reply
divide by 2 on each side of the equal sign to solve for x
corri
X=16
Michael
Want to review on complex number 1.What are complex number 2.How to solve complex number problems.
Beyan
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Mark
use the y -intercept and slope to sketch the graph of the equation y=6x
Only Reply
how do we prove the quadratic formular
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Darius
hello, if you have a question about Algebra 2. I may be able to help. I am an Algebra 2 Teacher
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Opoku
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Tric Reply
4
Trista
x-2y+3z=-3 2x-y+z=7 -x+3y-z=6
Sidiki Reply
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Mark
Solve for the first variable in one of the equations, then substitute the result into the other equation. Point For: (6111,4111,−411)(6111,4111,-411) Equation Form: x=6111,y=4111,z=−411x=6111,y=4111,z=-411
Brenna
(61/11,41/11,−4/11)
Brenna
x=61/11 y=41/11 z=−4/11 x=61/11 y=41/11 z=-4/11
Brenna
Need help solving this problem (2/7)^-2
Simone Reply
x+2y-z=7
Sidiki
what is the coefficient of -4×
Mehri Reply
-1
Shedrak
the operation * is x * y =x + y/ 1+(x × y) show if the operation is commutative if x × y is not equal to -1
Alfred Reply
A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
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Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
August Reply
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
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how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
Shanjida
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s.
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
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. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
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Source:  OpenStax, From matlab and simulink to real-time with ti dsp's. OpenStax CNX. Jun 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10713/1.1
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