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References

“Countries List by Continent.” Worldatlas, 2013. Available online at http://www.worldatlas.com/cntycont.htm (accessed May 2, 2013).

Chapter review

In this module we learned the basic terminology of probability. The set of all possible outcomes of an experiment is called the sample space. Events are subsets of the sample space, and they are assigned a probability that is a number between zero and one, inclusive.

Formula review

A and B are events

P ( S ) = 1 where S is the sample space

0 ≤ P ( A ) ≤ 1

P ( A | B ) = P ( A AND B ) P ( B )

In a particular college class, there are male and female students. Some students have long hair and some students have short hair. Write the symbols for the probabilities of the events for parts a through j. (Note that you cannot find numerical answers here. You were not given enough information to find any probability values yet; concentrate on understanding the symbols.)

  • Let F be the event that a student is female.
  • Let M be the event that a student is male.
  • Let S be the event that a student has short hair.
  • Let L be the event that a student has long hair.
  1. The probability that a student does not have long hair.
  2. The probability that a student is male or has short hair.
  3. The probability that a student is a female and has long hair.
  4. The probability that a student is male, given that the student has long hair.
  5. The probability that a student has long hair, given that the student is male.
  6. Of all the female students, the probability that a student has short hair.
  7. Of all students with long hair, the probability that a student is female.
  8. The probability that a student is female or has long hair.
  9. The probability that a randomly selected student is a male student with short hair.
  10. The probability that a student is female.
  1. P ( L′ ) = P ( S )
  2. P ( M OR S )
  3. P ( F AND L )
  4. P ( M | L )
  5. P ( L | M )
  6. P ( S | F )
  7. P ( F | L )
  8. P ( F OR L )
  9. P ( M AND S )
  10. P ( F )
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Use the following information to answer the next four exercises. A box is filled with several party favors. It contains 12 hats, 15 noisemakers, ten finger traps, and five bags of confetti.
Let H = the event of getting a hat.
Let N = the event of getting a noisemaker.
Let F = the event of getting a finger trap.
Let C = the event of getting a bag of confetti.

Find P ( N ).

P ( N ) = 15 42 = 5 14 = 0.36

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Find P ( C ).

P ( C ) = 5 42 = 0.12

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Use the following information to answer the next six exercises. A jar of 150 jelly beans contains 22 red jelly beans, 38 yellow, 20 green, 28 purple, 26 blue, and the rest are orange.
Let B = the event of getting a blue jelly bean
Let G = the event of getting a green jelly bean.
Let O = the event of getting an orange jelly bean.
Let P = the event of getting a purple jelly bean.
Let R = the event of getting a red jelly bean.
Let Y = the event of getting a yellow jelly bean.

Find P ( G ).

P ( G ) = 20 150 = 2 15 = 0.13

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Find P ( R ).

P ( R ) = 22 150 = 11 75 = 0.15

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Find P ( O ).

P ( O ) = 150 - 22 - 38 - 20 - 28 - 26 150 = 16 150 = 8 75 = 0.11

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Use the following information to answer the next six exercises. There are 23 countries in North America, 12 countries in South America, 47 countries in Europe, 44 countries in Asia, 54 countries in Africa, and 14 in Oceania (Pacific Ocean region).
Let A = the event that a country is in Asia.
Let E = the event that a country is in Europe.
Let F = the event that a country is in Africa.
Let N = the event that a country is in North America.
Let O = the event that a country is in Oceania.
Let S = the event that a country is in South America.

Questions & Answers

how do you find z if you only know the area of .0808
Cady Reply
How to take a random sample of 30 observations
Hamna Reply
you can use the random function to generate 30 numbers or observation
smita
How we can calculate chi-square if observed x٫y٫z/frequency 40,30,20 Total/90
Insha Reply
calculate chi-square if observed x,y,z frequency 40,30,20total 90
Insha
find t value,if boysN1, ،32,M1,87.43 S1square,39.40.GirlsN2,34,M2,82.58S2square,40.80 Determine whether the results are significant or insignificant
Insha
The heights of a random sample of 100 entering HRM Freshman of a certain college is 157 cm with a standard deviation of 8cm. test the data against the claim that the overall height of all entering HRM students is 160 cm. previous studies showed that
Crispen Reply
complete the question.. as data given N = 100,mean= 157 cm, std dev = 8 cm..
smita
Z=x-mu/ std dev
smita
find the mean of 25,26,23,25,45,45,58,58,50,25
Asmat Reply
add all n divide by 10 i.e 38
smita
38
hhaa
amit
1 . The “average increase” for all NASDAQ stocks is the:
Jamshaid Reply
STATISTICS IN PRACTICE: This is a group assignment that seeks to reveal students understanding of statistics in general and it’s practical usefulness. The following are the guidelines; 1.      Each group has to identify a natural process or activity and gather data about/from the process. 2.     
Kofi Reply
The diameter of an electric cable,say, X is assumed to be continoues random variable with p.d.f f(x)=6x(1-x); ≤x≤1 a)check that f(X) is p.d.f b) determine a number b such that p(Xb)
Syed Reply
A manufacturer estimate 3% of his output is defective. Find the probability that in a sample of 10 items (a) less than two will be defective (b) more than two will be defective.
ISAIAH Reply
A manufacturer estimates that 3% of his output of a small item is defective. Find the probabilities that in a sample of 10 items (a) less than two and (b) more than two items will be defective.
ISAIAH
use binomial distribution with parameter n=10, p= 0.03, q=0.97
Shivprasad
the standard deviation of a symmetrical distribution is 7.8 . what must be the value of forth moment about the mean in order that distribution be a) leptokurtic b) mesokurtic c) platy kyrtic intrept the obtain value of a b and c
Tushar Reply
A researcher observed that four out of every ten of their products are normally defective. A total of 360 samples of the products were being tested. If the sample is normally distributed and 220 of the products were identified to be faulty, test the hypothesis that the observation of the res
Adepoju Reply
false
HariPrasad
please answer the ques"following values are obtained from life table T15=3,493,601 and e°15=44.6 then expected number of person alive at exact age 15 will be "
vinay
make it clear
Kagimu
how x minus x bar is equal to zero
Kashif Reply
When the mean (X bar) of the sample and the datapoint-in-context (X) from the same sample are the same, then it (X minus X bar) is equal to 0
Johns
e.g. mean of. sample is 3 and one of the datapoints in that sample is also 3
Johns
a numerical value used as a summary measure for a sample such as a sample mean is known as
rana Reply
differentiate between qualitative and quantitative variables
rana Reply
qualitative variables are descriptive while quantitative are numeric variables
Chisomo
please guys what is the formulas use in calculated statistics please iam new here
Yunisa Reply
Dear Yunisa there are different formulas used in statistics depending on wnat you want to measure. It would be helpful if you can be more specific
LAMIN

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Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
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