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Although the IL would be responsible for the personnel evaluation component, the instructional committee andmentors would engage in supervision exclusively. The group based the distinctions of what constitutes evaluation vs. supervision onNolan’s (2003) work. According to Nolan, the natures of evaluation and supervision are fundamentally and critically distinct withinvarious functions of the teaching experience [See Table 2]. Given aparticular dimension, the distinctions between evaluation and supervision become clear.

It is in the form of mentoring as a supervisory practice that some of the more powerful benefits forteacher growth and development seem to emerge (Reiman 1999; Glickman, 2002; Pajak, 2002). Individuals who have a trained mentorare more likely to realize professional and personal growth than those who work alone (Vygotsky, 1986). This benefit is especiallynoticeable when teachers are in new assignments or in new settings. Whether we are speaking about new doctors, new teachers, newadministrators, or new professors, a supportive colleague can help a novice move to higher levels of effectiveness. Writing aboutmedical school novices, Rabatin et al. (2004) noted that a“mentoring model stressing safety, intimacy, honesty, setting of high standards, praxis, and detailed planning and feedback wasassociated with mentee excitement, personal and professional growth and development, concrete accomplishments, and a commitment toteaching”(p. 569).

For public school teachers having a mentor is associated with professional growth and a sense of self-efficacyfor both novices and experienced teachers. In working with veteran teachers, Reiman and Peace (2002) sought to“encourage new social role-taking, support new learning in effective teaching, encouragenew complex performances in coaching and support conferences, and promote gains in moral and conceptual reasoning. Significantpositive gains in learning, performance, and moral judgment reasoning were achieved”(p. 597). Mentoring had a bidirectional benefit for both novice and mentor. The best plan for supportinginstruction will require a position that is wholly, and singularly, focused on the processes of teacher development.

As a benefit to school cultures, mentoring in a developmental supervision model encourages conversation amongteachers. In conversation we begin creating a school community characterized by sharing, supporting, and caring. It has becomeclear through research of Noddings (2002), Palmer (1998), Starratt (1997), and others that when teachers and students work in a caringand supportive atmosphere, they are more likely to take risks, experiment, and attend to each other’s needs. It is just this type of collaboration that the process of mentoring canencourage.

Form: three-dimensional structure or shape; geometric or free form.

The Artist’s View:

Forms are shapes that are three-dimensional and are either geometric or free form. In two-dimensional works ofart (that is, artworks that hang on a wall), artists use value on a shape to create a form. In other words when artists add value tothe shape of a circle, the shape becomes a sphere and takes on the illusion of something that is three-dimensional -- a form. Todayartists refer to light and dark areas of a work of art as modeling or shading. Very dark areas of forms tend to recede into theartwork where very light areas appear closest to the viewer. In three-dimensional art works such as sculpture, all shapes are formsbecause they take up space in three dimensions. True forms occupy height, width, and depth in space.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Educational administration: the roles of leadership and management. OpenStax CNX. Jul 25, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10441/1.1
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