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Although the IL would be responsible for the personnel evaluation component, the instructional committee andmentors would engage in supervision exclusively. The group based the distinctions of what constitutes evaluation vs. supervision onNolan’s (2003) work. According to Nolan, the natures of evaluation and supervision are fundamentally and critically distinct withinvarious functions of the teaching experience [See Table 2]. Given aparticular dimension, the distinctions between evaluation and supervision become clear.

It is in the form of mentoring as a supervisory practice that some of the more powerful benefits forteacher growth and development seem to emerge (Reiman 1999; Glickman, 2002; Pajak, 2002). Individuals who have a trained mentorare more likely to realize professional and personal growth than those who work alone (Vygotsky, 1986). This benefit is especiallynoticeable when teachers are in new assignments or in new settings. Whether we are speaking about new doctors, new teachers, newadministrators, or new professors, a supportive colleague can help a novice move to higher levels of effectiveness. Writing aboutmedical school novices, Rabatin et al. (2004) noted that a“mentoring model stressing safety, intimacy, honesty, setting of high standards, praxis, and detailed planning and feedback wasassociated with mentee excitement, personal and professional growth and development, concrete accomplishments, and a commitment toteaching”(p. 569).

For public school teachers having a mentor is associated with professional growth and a sense of self-efficacyfor both novices and experienced teachers. In working with veteran teachers, Reiman and Peace (2002) sought to“encourage new social role-taking, support new learning in effective teaching, encouragenew complex performances in coaching and support conferences, and promote gains in moral and conceptual reasoning. Significantpositive gains in learning, performance, and moral judgment reasoning were achieved”(p. 597). Mentoring had a bidirectional benefit for both novice and mentor. The best plan for supportinginstruction will require a position that is wholly, and singularly, focused on the processes of teacher development.

As a benefit to school cultures, mentoring in a developmental supervision model encourages conversation amongteachers. In conversation we begin creating a school community characterized by sharing, supporting, and caring. It has becomeclear through research of Noddings (2002), Palmer (1998), Starratt (1997), and others that when teachers and students work in a caringand supportive atmosphere, they are more likely to take risks, experiment, and attend to each other’s needs. It is just this type of collaboration that the process of mentoring canencourage.

Form: three-dimensional structure or shape; geometric or free form.

The Artist’s View:

Forms are shapes that are three-dimensional and are either geometric or free form. In two-dimensional works ofart (that is, artworks that hang on a wall), artists use value on a shape to create a form. In other words when artists add value tothe shape of a circle, the shape becomes a sphere and takes on the illusion of something that is three-dimensional -- a form. Todayartists refer to light and dark areas of a work of art as modeling or shading. Very dark areas of forms tend to recede into theartwork where very light areas appear closest to the viewer. In three-dimensional art works such as sculpture, all shapes are formsbecause they take up space in three dimensions. True forms occupy height, width, and depth in space.

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Educational administration: the roles of leadership and management. OpenStax CNX. Jul 25, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10441/1.1
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