<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

The software-defined radio should have the following user-selectable variables that can readily be set at the start ofprocessing of the received block of data:

  • rolloff factor β for the square-root raised cosine pulse shape,
  • initial phase offset,
  • initial timing offset, and
  • initial equalizer parameterization.

The following are some suggestions:

  • Build your own transmitter in addition to a digital receiver simulation.This will enable you to test your receiver as described in the methodologyproposed in the preceding section over a wider range of conditions than just thecases available on the website. Also, building a transmitterwill increase your understanding of the composition of the received signal.
  • Try to break your receiver. See how much noise can be present in the received signal beforeaccurate (e.g., less than 1% symbol errors) demodulation seems impossible. Find the fastest change in the carrierphase that your receiver can track, even with a bad initial guess.
  • In order to facilitate more effective debugging while building the project, implementation of a debug mode in the receiver is recommended.The information of interest will be plots of the time histories of pertinent signals as well as timinginformation (e.g., a graph of matched filter average output power versus receiver symbol timing offset).One convenient way to add this feature to your M atlab receiver would be to include a debug flag as an argumentthat produces these plots when the flag is activated.
  • When debugging adaptive components, use a test with initialization at the right answer and zero stepsize to determine if the problem is in the adaptation or in the fixed component structure.An initialization very near the desired answer with a small stepsize will reveal that the adaptive portion isworking properly if the adaptive parameter trajectory remains in the close vicinity of the desired answer.A rapid divergence may indicate that the update has the wrong sign or that the stepsize is way too large.An aimless wandering that drifts away from the vicinity of the desired answer represents a more subtle problemthat requires reconsideration of the algorithm code and/or its suitability for the circumstance at hand.

Several test files that contain a “mystery signal” with a quote from a well known bookare available on the website. They are labelled easyN.mat , mediumN.mat , and hardN.mat . One student remarked that these should have been called hardN.mat , harderN.mat , and completelyridiculousN.mat . Nonetheless, a well crafted M 6 receiver can recover the hidden messages. These have been created with a variety of different rolloff factors, carrier frequencies, phase noises,ISI, interferers, and symbol timing offsets. We encourage the adventurous reader to try to“receive” these secret signals. Solve the mystery.Break it down.

For further reading

An overview of a practical application of software-defined radio emphasizing the redefinability of the DSP portion of the receivercan be found in

  • B. Bing and N. Jayant, “A cellphone for all standards,” IEEE Spectrum , pg 34–39, May 2002.

The field of “software radio” erupted with a special issue of the IEEE Communications Magazine in May 1995. This was called a “landmark special issue”in an editorial in the more recent

  • J. Mitola, III, V. Bose, B. M. Leiner, T. Turletti and D. Tennenhouse, Ed., IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications (Special Issue on Software Radios), vol. 17, April 1999.

For more information on the technological context and the relevance of software implementations of communicationssystems, see

  • E. Buracchini, “The Software Radio Concept,” IEEE Communications Magazine , vol. 38, pp. 138–143, September 2000

and papers from the (occasional) special section in the IEEE Communications Magazine on topics in software and DSP in radio.For much more, see

  • J. H. Reed, Software Radio: A Modern Approach to Radio Engineering , Prentice Hall, 2002

which overlaps in content (if not style) with the first half of Software Receiver Design .

Two recommended monographs that include more attention than most to the methodologyof the same slice of digital receiver design as we consider here are

  • J. A. C. Bingham, The Theory and Practice of Modem Design , Wiley Interscience, 1988.(especially Chapter 5)
  • H. Meyr, M. Moeneclaey, and S. A. Fechtel, Digital Communication Receivers: Synchronization, Channel Estimation, and Signal Processing , Wiley Interscience, 1998(especially Section 4.1). A similar design challenge can be found in the extensionto QAM found in the website in A Digital Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) Radio .

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Software receiver design. OpenStax CNX. Aug 13, 2013 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11510/1.3
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Software receiver design' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask