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In this section, you will learn about LabVIEW debugging techniques.

If a VI does not run, it is a broken, or nonexecutable, VI. The Run button often appears broken, shown at left, when you create or edit a VI. If it is still broken when youfinish wiring the block diagram, the VI is broken and will not run. Generally, this means that a required input is not wired,or a wire is broken.

Finding errors

Click the broken Run button or select Windows>>Show Error List to display the Error list window, which lists all the errors. Double-click an error description to display therelevant block diagram or front panel and highlight the object that contains the error.

Execution highlighting

View an animation of the execution of the block diagram byclicking the Highlight Execution button, shown in . Execution highlighting shows the flow of data on the block diagram from one node to anotherusing bubbles that move along the wires. Use execution highlighting in conjunction with single-stepping to see howdata move from node to node through a VI.

Execution highlighting greatly reduces the speed at which the VI runs.

Single-stepping

Single-step through a VI to view each action of the VI on the block diagram as the VI runs. The single-steppingbuttons affect execution only in a VI or subVI in single-step mode. Enter single-step mode by clicking the Step Over or Step Into button. Move the cursor over the Step Over , Step Into , or Step Out button to view a tip strip that describes the next step if you clickthat button. You can single-step through subVIs or run them normally.

If you single-step through a VI with execution highlighting on, anexecution glyph, shown in , appears on the icons of the subVIs that are currently running.

Probes

Use the Probe tool, shown in , to check intermediate values on a wire as a VFI runs. Whenexecution pauses at a node because of single-stepping or a breakpoint, you also can probe the wire that just executedto see the value that flowed through that wire.

You also can create a custom probe to specify which indicator you use to view the probed data. For example, ifyou are viewing numeric data, you can choose to see that data in a chart within the probe. To create a custom probe,right-click a wire and select Custom Probe>>New from the shortcut menu.

Breakpoints

Use the Breakpoint tool, shown in , to place a breakpoint on a VI, node, or wire on the block diagram and pause execution at thatlocatiFon. When you set a breakpoint on a wire, execution pauses after data pass through the wire. Place a breakpointon the block diagram workspace to pause execution after all nodes on the block diagram execute. When a VI pauses at abreakpoint, LabVIEW brings the block diagram to the front and uses a marquee to highlight the node or wire thatcontains the breakpoint. LabVIEW highlights breakpoints with red borders for nodes and block diagrams and red bullets forwires. When you move the cursor over an existing breakpoint, the black area of the Breakpoint tool cursor appears white. Use the Breakpoint tool to click an existing breakpoint to remove it.

Questions & Answers

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Source:  OpenStax, Labview graphical programming. OpenStax CNX. Apr 09, 2015 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11408/1.2
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