<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >
Learn about abstract methods, abstract classes, and overridden methods. You will also learn about overriding the toString method.

Revised: Sat Apr 02 20:33:36 CDT 2016

This page is included in the following Books:

Table of contents


This module is one of a series of modules designed to teach you about Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) using Java.

Viewing tip

I recommend that you open another copy of this document in a separate browser window and use the following links to easily find and view the Figures and Listings while you are reading about them.


  • Figure 1 . Program output on the command line screen.
  • Figure 2 . Default behavior of the toString method.
  • Figure 3 . More on the default behavior of the toString method.


  • Listing 1 . Source code for class Prob04.
  • Listing 2 . Beginning of the class named Prob04MyClass.
  • Listing 3 . Override the abstract getData method.
  • Listing 4 . Override the toString method.
  • Listing 5 . Complete program listing.


The program that I will explain in this module produces no graphics and does not require the use of Ericson's media library.

OOP concepts

The program illustrates the following OOP concepts:

  • Extending an abstract class.
  • Parameterized constructor.
  • Defining an abstract method in the superclass and overriding it in a subclass.
  • Overridden toString method.

Program specifications

Write a program named Prob04 that uses the class definition shown in Listing 1 to produce the output on the command-line screen shown in Figure 1 .

Figure 1 . Program output on the command line screen.
Prob04 DickBaldwin 9595

Pseudo random data

Because the program generates and uses a pseudo random data value each time it is run, the actual values displayed in the last two lines of Figure 1 will differ from one run to the next. However, in all cases, the two values must match.

New classes

You may define new classes as necessary to cause your program to behave as required, but you may not modify the class definition for the class named Prob04 given below.

Discussion and sample code

Will explain in fragments

I will explain this program in fragments. A complete listing is provided in Listing 5 near the end of the module.

I will begin with the driver class named Prob04 , which is shown in its entirety in Listing 1 .

Listing 1 . Source code for class Prob04.
import java.util.*; abstract class Prob04{public static void main(String[] args){Random generator = new Random(new Date().getTime()); int randomNumber = (byte)generator.nextInt();Prob04 objRef = new Prob04MyClass(randomNumber);System.out.println(objRef); System.out.println(objRef.getData());System.out.println(randomNumber); }//end main//Declare the signature of an abstract class. public abstract int getData();}//end class Prob04

The import directive

The import directive at the beginning of Listing 1 is required because the program requires access to the Random class and the Date class, both of which are defined in the java.util package.

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Object-oriented programming (oop) with java. OpenStax CNX. Jun 29, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11441/1.201
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Object-oriented programming (oop) with java' conversation and receive update notifications?