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f ( x ) = x 5 2 x , between x = 1 and x = 2.

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f ( x ) = x 4 + 4 , between x = 1 and x = 3 .

f ( 1 ) = 3 and f ( 3 ) = 77. Sign change confirms.

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f ( x ) = −2 x 3 x , between x = –1 and x = 1.

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f ( x ) = x 3 100 x + 2 , between x = 0.01 and x = 0.1

f ( 0.01 ) = 1.000001 and f ( 0.1 ) = 7.999. Sign change confirms.

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For the following exercises, find the zeros and give the multiplicity of each.

f ( x ) = ( x + 2 ) 3 ( x 3 ) 2

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f ( x ) = x 2 ( 2 x + 3 ) 5 ( x 4 ) 2

0 with multiplicity 2, 3 2 with multiplicity 5, 4 with multiplicity 2

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f ( x ) = x 3 ( x 1 ) 3 ( x + 2 )

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f ( x ) = x 2 ( x 2 + 4 x + 4 )

0 with multiplicity 2, –2 with multiplicity 2

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f ( x ) = ( 2 x + 1 ) 3 ( 9 x 2 6 x + 1 )

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f ( x ) = ( 3 x + 2 ) 5 ( x 2 10 x + 25 )

2 3 with multiplicity 5 , 5 with multiplicity 2

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f ( x ) = x ( 4 x 2 12 x + 9 ) ( x 2 + 8 x + 16 )

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f ( x ) = x 6 x 5 2 x 4

0 with multiplicity 4 , 2 with multiplicity 1 , 1 with multiplicity 1

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f ( x ) = 3 x 4 + 6 x 3 + 3 x 2

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f ( x ) = 4 x 5 12 x 4 + 9 x 3

3 2 with multiplicity 2, 0 with multiplicity 3

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f ( x ) = 2 x 4 ( x 3 4 x 2 + 4 x )

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f ( x ) = 4 x 4 ( 9 x 4 12 x 3 + 4 x 2 )

0 with multiplicity 6 , 2 3 with multiplicity 2

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Graphical

For the following exercises, graph the polynomial functions. Note x - and y - intercepts, multiplicity, and end behavior.

f ( x ) = ( x + 3 ) 2 ( x 2 )

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g ( x ) = ( x + 4 ) ( x 1 ) 2

x -intercepts, ( 1, 0 ) with multiplicity 2, ( 4 ,   0 ) with multiplicity 1, y - intercept ( 0 ,   4 ). As x , f ( x ) , as x , f ( x ) .

Graph of g(x)=(x+4)(x-1)^2.
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h ( x ) = ( x 1 ) 3 ( x + 3 ) 2

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k ( x ) = ( x 3 ) 3 ( x 2 ) 2

x -intercepts ( 3 , 0 ) with multiplicity 3, ( 2 , 0 ) with multiplicity 2, y - intercept ( 0 , 108 ) . As x , f ( x ) , as x , f ( x ) .

Graph of k(x)=(x-3)^3(x-2)^2.
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m ( x ) = 2 x ( x 1 ) ( x + 3 )

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n ( x ) = 3 x ( x + 2 ) ( x 4 )

x -intercepts ( 0 ,   0 ) ,   ( 2 ,   0 ) ,   ( 4 , 0 ) with multiplicity 1, y - intercept ( 0 ,   0 ) . As x , f ( x ) , as x , f ( x ) .

Graph of n(x)=-3x(x+2)(x-4).
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For the following exercises, use the graphs to write the formula for a polynomial function of least degree.

Graph of a negative odd-degree polynomial with zeros at x=-3, 1, and 3.

f ( x ) = 2 9 ( x 3 ) ( x + 1 ) ( x + 3 )

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Graph of a positive odd-degree polynomial with zeros at x=-2, and 3.

f ( x ) = 1 4 ( x + 2 ) 2 ( x 3 )

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For the following exercises, use the graph to identify zeros and multiplicity.

Graph of a negative even-degree polynomial with zeros at x=-4, -2, 1, and 3.

–4, –2, 1, 3 with multiplicity 1

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Graph of a positive even-degree polynomial with zeros at x=-2,, and 3.

–2, 3 each with multiplicity 2

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For the following exercises, use the given information about the polynomial graph to write the equation.

Degree 3. Zeros at x = –2, x = 1, and x = 3. y -intercept at ( 0 , –4 ) .

f ( x ) = 2 3 ( x + 2 ) ( x 1 ) ( x 3 )

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Degree 3. Zeros at x = –5, x = –2 , and x = 1. y -intercept at ( 0 , 6 )

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Degree 5. Roots of multiplicity 2 at x = 3 and x = 1 , and a root of multiplicity 1 at x = –3. y -intercept at ( 0 , 9 )

f ( x ) = 1 3 ( x 3 ) 2 ( x 1 ) 2 ( x + 3 )

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Degree 4. Root of multiplicity 2 at x = 4, and a roots of multiplicity 1 at x = 1 and x = –2. y -intercept at ( 0 , 3 ) .

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Degree 5. Double zero at x = 1 , and triple zero at x = 3. Passes through the point ( 2 , 15 ) .

f ( x ) = −15 ( x 1 ) 2 ( x 3 ) 3

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Degree 3. Zeros at x = 4 , x = 3 , and x = 2. y -intercept at ( 0 , −24 ) .

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Degree 3. Zeros at x = −3 , x = −2 and x = 1. y -intercept at ( 0 , 12 ) .

f ( x ) = 2 ( x + 3 ) ( x + 2 ) ( x 1 )

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Degree 5. Roots of multiplicity 2 at x = −3 and x = 2 and a root of multiplicity 1 at x = −2.

y -intercept at ( 0 ,   4 ) .

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Degree 4. Roots of multiplicity 2 at x = 1 2 and roots of multiplicity 1 at x = 6 and x = −2.

y -intercept at ( 0, 18 ) .

f ( x ) = 3 2 ( 2 x 1 ) 2 ( x 6 ) ( x + 2 )

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Double zero at x = −3 and triple zero at x = 0. Passes through the point ( 1 , 32 ) .

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Technology

For the following exercises, use a calculator to approximate local minima and maxima or the global minimum and maximum.

f ( x ) = x 3 x 1

local max ( .58, – .62 ) , local min ( .58, –1 .38 )

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f ( x ) = 2 x 3 3 x 1

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f ( x ) = x 4 + x

global min ( .63, – .47 )

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f ( x ) = x 4 + 3 x 2

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f ( x ) = x 4 x 3 + 1

global min ( .75,  .89)

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Extensions

For the following exercises, use the graphs to write a polynomial function of least degree.

Graph of a positive odd-degree polynomial with zeros at x=--200, and 500 and y=50000000.

f ( x ) = ( x 500 ) 2 ( x + 200 )

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Real-world applications

For the following exercises, write the polynomial function that models the given situation.

A rectangle has a length of 10 units and a width of 8 units. Squares of x by x units are cut out of each corner, and then the sides are folded up to create an open box. Express the volume of the box as a polynomial function in terms of x .

f ( x ) = 4 x 3 36 x 2 + 80 x

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Consider the same rectangle of the preceding problem. Squares of 2 x by 2 x units are cut out of each corner. Express the volume of the box as a polynomial in terms of x .

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A square has sides of 12 units. Squares x   + 1 by x   + 1 units are cut out of each corner, and then the sides are folded up to create an open box. Express the volume of the box as a function in terms of x .

f ( x ) = 4 x 3 36 x 2 + 60 x + 100

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A cylinder has a radius of x + 2 units and a height of 3 units greater. Express the volume of the cylinder as a polynomial function.

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A right circular cone has a radius of 3 x + 6 and a height 3 units less. Express the volume of the cone as a polynomial function. The volume of a cone is V = 1 3 π r 2 h for radius r and height h .

f ( x ) = π ( 9 x 3 + 45 x 2 + 72 x + 36 )

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Questions & Answers

answer and questions in exercise 11.2 sums
Yp Reply
how do u calculate inequality of irrational number?
Alaba
give me an example
Chris
and I will walk you through it
Chris
cos (-z)= cos z .
Swadesh
what is a algebra
Jallah Reply
(x+x)3=?
Narad
what is the identity of 1-cos²5x equal to?
liyemaikhaya Reply
__john __05
Kishu
Hi
Abdel
hi
Ye
hi
Nokwanda
C'est comment
Abdel
Hi
Amanda
hello
SORIE
Hiiii
Chinni
hello
Ranjay
hi
ANSHU
hiiii
Chinni
h r u friends
Chinni
yes
Hassan
so is their any Genius in mathematics here let chat guys and get to know each other's
SORIE
I speak French
Abdel
okay no problem since we gather here and get to know each other
SORIE
hi im stupid at math and just wanna join here
Yaona
lol nahhh none of us here are stupid it's just that we have Fast, Medium, and slow learner bro but we all going to work things out together
SORIE
it's 12
what is the function of sine with respect of cosine , graphically
Karl Reply
tangent bruh
Steve
cosx.cos2x.cos4x.cos8x
Aashish Reply
sinx sin2x is linearly dependent
cr Reply
what is a reciprocal
Ajibola Reply
The reciprocal of a number is 1 divided by a number. eg the reciprocal of 10 is 1/10 which is 0.1
Shemmy
 Reciprocal is a pair of numbers that, when multiplied together, equal to 1. Example; the reciprocal of 3 is ⅓, because 3 multiplied by ⅓ is equal to 1
Jeza
each term in a sequence below is five times the previous term what is the eighth term in the sequence
Funmilola Reply
I don't understand how radicals works pls
Kenny Reply
How look for the general solution of a trig function
collins Reply
stock therom F=(x2+y2) i-2xy J jaha x=a y=o y=b
Saurabh Reply
sinx sin2x is linearly dependent
cr
root under 3-root under 2 by 5 y square
Himanshu Reply
The sum of the first n terms of a certain series is 2^n-1, Show that , this series is Geometric and Find the formula of the n^th
amani Reply
cosA\1+sinA=secA-tanA
Aasik Reply
Wrong question
Saad
why two x + seven is equal to nineteen.
Kingsley Reply
The numbers cannot be combined with the x
Othman
2x + 7 =19
humberto
2x +7=19. 2x=19 - 7 2x=12 x=6
Yvonne
because x is 6
SAIDI
Practice Key Terms 4

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Source:  OpenStax, Algebra and trigonometry. OpenStax CNX. Nov 14, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11758/1.6
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