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Genocide is not a just a historical concept; it is practiced today. Recently, ethnic and geographic conflicts in the Darfur region of Sudan have led to hundreds of thousands of deaths. As part of an ongoing land conflict, the Sudanese government and their state-sponsored Janjaweed militia have led a campaign of killing, forced displacement, and systematic rape of Darfuri people. Although a treaty was signed in 2011, the peace is fragile.

Expulsion

Expulsion refers to a subordinate group being forced, by a dominant group, to leave a certain area or country. As seen in the examples of the Trail of Tears and the Holocaust, expulsion can be a factor in genocide. However, it can also stand on its own as a destructive group interaction. Expulsion has often occurred historically with an ethnic or racial basis. In the United States, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066 in 1942, after the Japanese government’s attack on Pearl Harbor. The Order authorized the establishment of internment camps for anyone with as little as one-eighth Japanese ancestry (i.e., one great-grandparent who was Japanese). Over 120,000 legal Japanese residents and Japanese U.S. citizens, many of them children, were held in these camps for up to four years, despite the fact that there was never any evidence of collusion or espionage. (In fact, many Japanese Americans continued to demonstrate their loyalty to the United States by serving in the U.S. military during the War.) In the 1990s, the U.S. executive branch issued a formal apology for this expulsion; reparation efforts continue today.

Segregation

Segregation refers to the physical separation of two groups, particularly in residence, but also in workplace and social functions. It is important to distinguish between de jure segregation (segregation that is enforced by law) and de facto segregation (segregation that occurs without laws but because of other factors). A stark example of de jure segregation is the apartheid movement of South Africa, which existed from 1948 to 1994. Under apartheid, black South Africans were stripped of their civil rights and forcibly relocated to areas that segregated them physically from their white compatriots. Only after decades of degradation, violent uprisings, and international advocacy was apartheid finally abolished.

De jure segregation occurred in the United States for many years after the Civil War. During this time, many former Confederate states passed Jim Crow laws that required segregated facilities for blacks and whites. These laws were codified in 1896’s landmark Supreme Court case Plessey v. Ferguson , which stated that “separate but equal” facilities were constitutional. For the next five decades, blacks were subjected to legalized discrimination, forced to live, work, and go to school in separate—but unequal —facilities. It wasn’t until 1954 and the Brown v. Board of Education case that the Supreme Court declared that “separate educational facilities are inherently unequal,” thus ending de jure segregation in the United States.

Questions & Answers

How can we define symbolic interaction in family?
hafsa Reply
how does technology impact the soceity?
Lizzy Reply
technology impulse the society to change its manners . bcz society cannot b live without. it has to adopt technology with it's new trend.
Sajjad
who can tell me benefits of sociological imaginations?
Mohamed Reply
who cn tell me benefits of sociological imaginations?
Mohamed
please someone should elaborate on gerontology..
onoja Reply
study of ageing proccess is called gerontology...
Ayaz
why is sociology a science
Joseph Reply
Because its study human individual, group and the society
Baba
b/c the subject matter of sociology is the behavior of human being and society ...and sociology studies these under sceintific method ...empiricaly and clearly...it include all scientific method in its every study level...... 1.observation 2.research or literature reveiw 3.hypothesis 4.testing 5.th
Ayaz
5.theory sociology solve every problem with the help of above methods ...and it is clear that subject which solve any problem by such method is science..
Ayaz
it is a systematically study of human behaviour. sociology is a science bcoz it search the fact behind the behaviour.
derhagwara
socialogy as prospective? explain.
Natasha Reply
sorry i dont know you explain plz
Tariq
I think it is about sociologist view I just want to confirm it
Natasha
Negative impact of family in the Society
Bode Reply
when the family does not pamper their offspring properly it badly effects the society....with my piont of veiw....
Ayaz
can you give me answers please
Bode
negative impact the way people treat badly 😔 with other people
Natasha
HAY so [her sisters medical ROBOT ASSASSIN TOY digital twins tri following ahead freed screens per picosecond Forrester quit quick enough question
Matthew Reply
who is the founder of sociology
Amartey Reply
august comte
Salina
how does the French revolution contribute to the emergence of sociology?
Amartey
sorry I don't know about this
Salina
french sociologist established two theories about the emergence of sociology.1.empiricism 2.positivism
Ayaz
founder is Allama ibn khaldum
Aj
how to identify variables
Paula Reply
there are two kind of variables dependent and independent u can't identify it u just take if it causes some changes in the phenomenon or not.
Atal
What is social anthropology
Muhammad Reply
what is the ralationship b/w socoilogy and anthrapology?
Fawad Reply
what is mobility
Nanlop Reply
the ability to move between different level in society or employment
Salina
Explain different prsfctives of sociology..
Naseer
It includes structural mobility(in between classes) as well as geographical mobility(migration)
Atal
Bega khu bl msg n post kedo
Salina
sanga.
Naseer
his snga na
Salina
msg na post kido
Naseer
awoo kna
Salina
Da wale sa chall o pke.
Naseer
the symbolic interactionist perspective,functionalist and conflict
Salina
pta na lge nu ma try kola khu na kedo
Salina
av kna ma hm dera try ukra kho msg na post kido
Naseer
hhhh lga taso wli try kola ?
Salina
hase msg hm kawo khob na ratlo
Naseer
kha kha z khu darik bya oda shwe oma che na kedo
Salina
mala kho khob na ratlo pa 4bje oda shwy oma.
Naseer
chu chu shukordy
Salina
lga taso bega s soch kaw che da ma akhir chat chasr kaw sok oo ...lga che snga bae dase lga?
Salina
av knna
Naseer
khaaa
Salina
hlw
sohel
Hes pata rata na lge av na me sa soch kry o kho ma wl bs hase yw group o msg me pke wka
Naseer
kha saeda
Salina
av kana
Naseer
hmm
Salina
monz
Naseer
koma baba sahr m na o kry os b okm lg time baad
Salina
sahar wle
Naseer
Na om poha shwe oda oma
Salina
kha bia tk
Naseer
Da language na khu da dir na lgae
Salina
hga sanga
Naseer
Ma we k dir side language lg change v
Salina
nana g da dir yama
Naseer
kha saeda
Salina
ok monx kuma.see u
Naseer
Dont make this a chat room... it's irritating to see such pathetic discussions again and again
Trending
ok
Salina
relationships of sociology
khanirshad Reply
social relationship
Natasha
what are the important of sociology
Abdul Reply
to know about the society and the world
Natasha
to discover trends in society or gain knowledge, to identify social problems and solve them and to predict the consequnces
Atal

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Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to sociology 2e. OpenStax CNX. Jan 20, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11762/1.6
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