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Lessons learned

Based on findings derived from an array and comprehensive set of monitoring and evaluation instruments and methods used to collect data over the course of the journey and implementation of PT PLAN, the following are lessons learned:

Team development

  • 1. In order to shift from working in isolation to working collaboratively, individuals must understand how effective teams operate. Teamwork skills need to be developed and practiced.
  • 2. Don’t underestimate the importance of team development. Before districts optimized the value and benefits of inter/between district sharing, districts needed to focus internally first, working to develop their group into a team. Districts that more quickly began to function like a team accelerated their growth and development and the positive direction and movement of their work.

Skilled facilitation and coaching: key component

  • 3. Skilled facilitation and differentiating between content and process is an important leadership competency for building organization and instructional leadership capacity.
  • 4. The external facilitator/coach component was essential for supporting participating members and district teams in building organization and instructional leadership capacity, accelerating positive change, and transferring research knowledge to practice.
  • 5. The knowledge, skills and personal attributes of the coach/facilitator were critical to accelerating the development and growth of district teams. Capacity building of coach/facilitators was vital to maximize progress of all district network and on-site work.
  • 6. Selecting the right coach/facilitators and providing them with quality and continued support was critical. The knowledge, skills and dispositions of a coach/facilitator significantly impact the growth, development and forward leadership motion of individuals and the team. On-going professional learning opportunities through skillful facilitation training and participation in a coach/facilitator community of practice was key.

Explicit and tacit knowledge

  • 7. Effective application of “explicit knowledge” derived from research also requires tacit knowledge. Having access to and using external research is a necessary, but not a sufficient condition for practitioners to improve the quality of their organizations (Wenger, McDermonott, and Synder, 2002). Although the Leadership Cycle research provided a framework for district transformational work, it was limited in addressing the tacit knowledge that is vital for successful transformation. Since the effective application of the “explicit knowledge” requires tacit knowledge, the learning processes used within the professional learning model such as storytelling, skillfully facilitated dialogue and conversation, context mapping, action learning labs, learning fairs, and coaching set in the context of leadership practice communities were paramount for converting knowledge research to practice.

Reflection, effective feedback and accountability

  • 8. Opportunities and processes for individual, collective district team, and network reflection and effective feedback were highly valued and important to both individual and organization growth and development.
  • 9. As district leadership teams began to internalize a common framework for leading change and continuous improvement (Leadership Cycle), administrators began to integrate their functional, day-to-day work with the deeper, transformational work necessary to lead reform efforts and change district cultures.

Summary and significance

Evidence suggests that what happens in school systems matters, and quality practices at all levels of the system profoundly impacts student achievement. American education is filled with instances in which students with similar backgrounds and traits achieve very different results. Educator proficiency is an absolute requirement for student proficiency, and the extent to which society develops and uses its human capacity is a chief determinant of its prosperity (Auguste, Hancock,&Laboissiere, 2009). So often compelling and promising knowledge research remains compelling only on paper - never really utilized, never converted to action or change in practice. Understanding the professional learning approaches that are high impact and useful in converting knowledge to leadership actions and building organization and instructional leadership capacity are essential to closing the knowing-doing and system-based gaps that significantly impact students’ life chances and the nation’s economy. This paper presented one promising professional learning model, to Practice from Theory Professional Learning Action Network ( the PT PLAN).

References

  • Auguste, B., Hancock, B.&Laboissiere, M. (2009, June). The economic impact of the achievement gap in america’s schools. McKinsey&Company, Social Sector Office.
  • Bens, I. (2005). Facilitating with ease! Core skills for facilitators, team leaders and members, managers, consultants, and trainers (new and revised ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
  • Fullan, M. (2006, November). Leading professional learning. The School Administrator , 10.
  • Garvin, D. (1998). Building a learning organization. Harvard Business Review on Knowledge Management , 47-80. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
  • Hargrove, R. (2003). Masterful coaching (revised edition). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass/Pfeiffer.
  • Huberman, M. (1992, January). Linking the practitioner and researcher communities for school improvement . Address to the International Congress for School Effectiveness and Improvement, Victoria, BC.
  • Hutchinson, J.,&Huberman, M. (1993, May). Knowledge dissemination and utilization in science and mathematics education: A literature review. Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation.
  • Kohlmoos, J.&Joftus, S. (2005, August). Building communities of knowledge: Ideas for more effective use of knowledge in education reform. Discussion Paper for National Education Knowledge Industry Association.
  • National Staff Development Council. (2001, Revised). NSDC’s Standards for Staff Development . Learning Forward.
  • Pfeffer, J.&Sutton, R. (2000). The knowing-doing gap: How smart companies turn knowledge into action . Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
  • Senge, P. (1990). The fifth discipline : The art&practice of the learning organization. New York: Currency Doubleday.
  • Speck, M. (1996, Spring). Best practice in professional development for sustained educational change. ERS Spectrum, 33-41.
  • Tague, N. (2005). The quality toolbox (2 nd ed.). Milwaukee, Wisconsin: ASQ Quality Press.
  • Wagner, T., Kegan, R., Lahey, L., Lemons, R., Garnier, J., Helsing, D., . . . Rasmussen, H. (2006). Change leadership: A practical guide to transforming schools. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
  • Wenger, E., McDermott, R.&Snyder, W., (2002). Cultivating communities of practice: A guide to managing knowledge . Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
  • Wenger, E.&Snyder, W., (2002, January). Communities of practice: The organizational frontier, Harvard Business Review , 78 (1).

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
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what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
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I'm interested in nanotube
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what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
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how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review, volume 12, number 2 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Sep 26, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11360/1.3
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