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Lessons learned

Based on findings derived from an array and comprehensive set of monitoring and evaluation instruments and methods used to collect data over the course of the journey and implementation of PT PLAN, the following are lessons learned:

Team development

  • 1. In order to shift from working in isolation to working collaboratively, individuals must understand how effective teams operate. Teamwork skills need to be developed and practiced.
  • 2. Don’t underestimate the importance of team development. Before districts optimized the value and benefits of inter/between district sharing, districts needed to focus internally first, working to develop their group into a team. Districts that more quickly began to function like a team accelerated their growth and development and the positive direction and movement of their work.

Skilled facilitation and coaching: key component

  • 3. Skilled facilitation and differentiating between content and process is an important leadership competency for building organization and instructional leadership capacity.
  • 4. The external facilitator/coach component was essential for supporting participating members and district teams in building organization and instructional leadership capacity, accelerating positive change, and transferring research knowledge to practice.
  • 5. The knowledge, skills and personal attributes of the coach/facilitator were critical to accelerating the development and growth of district teams. Capacity building of coach/facilitators was vital to maximize progress of all district network and on-site work.
  • 6. Selecting the right coach/facilitators and providing them with quality and continued support was critical. The knowledge, skills and dispositions of a coach/facilitator significantly impact the growth, development and forward leadership motion of individuals and the team. On-going professional learning opportunities through skillful facilitation training and participation in a coach/facilitator community of practice was key.

Explicit and tacit knowledge

  • 7. Effective application of “explicit knowledge” derived from research also requires tacit knowledge. Having access to and using external research is a necessary, but not a sufficient condition for practitioners to improve the quality of their organizations (Wenger, McDermonott, and Synder, 2002). Although the Leadership Cycle research provided a framework for district transformational work, it was limited in addressing the tacit knowledge that is vital for successful transformation. Since the effective application of the “explicit knowledge” requires tacit knowledge, the learning processes used within the professional learning model such as storytelling, skillfully facilitated dialogue and conversation, context mapping, action learning labs, learning fairs, and coaching set in the context of leadership practice communities were paramount for converting knowledge research to practice.

Reflection, effective feedback and accountability

  • 8. Opportunities and processes for individual, collective district team, and network reflection and effective feedback were highly valued and important to both individual and organization growth and development.
  • 9. As district leadership teams began to internalize a common framework for leading change and continuous improvement (Leadership Cycle), administrators began to integrate their functional, day-to-day work with the deeper, transformational work necessary to lead reform efforts and change district cultures.

Summary and significance

Evidence suggests that what happens in school systems matters, and quality practices at all levels of the system profoundly impacts student achievement. American education is filled with instances in which students with similar backgrounds and traits achieve very different results. Educator proficiency is an absolute requirement for student proficiency, and the extent to which society develops and uses its human capacity is a chief determinant of its prosperity (Auguste, Hancock,&Laboissiere, 2009). So often compelling and promising knowledge research remains compelling only on paper - never really utilized, never converted to action or change in practice. Understanding the professional learning approaches that are high impact and useful in converting knowledge to leadership actions and building organization and instructional leadership capacity are essential to closing the knowing-doing and system-based gaps that significantly impact students’ life chances and the nation’s economy. This paper presented one promising professional learning model, to Practice from Theory Professional Learning Action Network ( the PT PLAN).

References

  • Auguste, B., Hancock, B.&Laboissiere, M. (2009, June). The economic impact of the achievement gap in america’s schools. McKinsey&Company, Social Sector Office.
  • Bens, I. (2005). Facilitating with ease! Core skills for facilitators, team leaders and members, managers, consultants, and trainers (new and revised ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
  • Fullan, M. (2006, November). Leading professional learning. The School Administrator , 10.
  • Garvin, D. (1998). Building a learning organization. Harvard Business Review on Knowledge Management , 47-80. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
  • Hargrove, R. (2003). Masterful coaching (revised edition). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass/Pfeiffer.
  • Huberman, M. (1992, January). Linking the practitioner and researcher communities for school improvement . Address to the International Congress for School Effectiveness and Improvement, Victoria, BC.
  • Hutchinson, J.,&Huberman, M. (1993, May). Knowledge dissemination and utilization in science and mathematics education: A literature review. Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation.
  • Kohlmoos, J.&Joftus, S. (2005, August). Building communities of knowledge: Ideas for more effective use of knowledge in education reform. Discussion Paper for National Education Knowledge Industry Association.
  • National Staff Development Council. (2001, Revised). NSDC’s Standards for Staff Development . Learning Forward.
  • Pfeffer, J.&Sutton, R. (2000). The knowing-doing gap: How smart companies turn knowledge into action . Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
  • Senge, P. (1990). The fifth discipline : The art&practice of the learning organization. New York: Currency Doubleday.
  • Speck, M. (1996, Spring). Best practice in professional development for sustained educational change. ERS Spectrum, 33-41.
  • Tague, N. (2005). The quality toolbox (2 nd ed.). Milwaukee, Wisconsin: ASQ Quality Press.
  • Wagner, T., Kegan, R., Lahey, L., Lemons, R., Garnier, J., Helsing, D., . . . Rasmussen, H. (2006). Change leadership: A practical guide to transforming schools. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
  • Wenger, E., McDermott, R.&Snyder, W., (2002). Cultivating communities of practice: A guide to managing knowledge . Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
  • Wenger, E.&Snyder, W., (2002, January). Communities of practice: The organizational frontier, Harvard Business Review , 78 (1).

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review, volume 12, number 2 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Sep 26, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11360/1.3
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