# 7.3 Ap0030: self-assessment, relational operators, increment operator  (Page 7/9)

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A switch structure

There is a somewhat more specialized, control structure named switch that can also be used to make decisions in a multiple choice sense under certain fairlyrestrictive conditions.

However, the structure shown in this program can always be used to replace a switch. Therefore, I find that I rarely use the switch structure, opting instead for the more general form of multiple-choicestructure.

D. Goodbye World

## Explanation 9

An if-else control structure

This program contains a simple if-else control structure.

Behavior of if-else structure

If the expression in the conditional clause returns true, the block of code following the conditional clause is executed, and the block of code followingthe word else is skipped.

If the expression in the conditional clause returns false, the block of code following the conditional clause is skipped, and the block of code following theword else is executed.

This program executes the else block

In this program, the expression in the conditional clause returns false.

Therefore, the block of code following the word else is executed, producing the words Goodbye World on the computer screen.

Can result in very complex structures

While the structure used in this program is relatively simple, it is possible to create very complex control structures by nesting additional if-else structures inside the blocks of code.

D. Hello World

## Explanation 8

A simple if statement

This program contains a simple if statement that

• uses a relational expression
• to return a value of type boolean inside its conditional clause

Tests for x less than y

The relational expression tests to determine if the value of the variable named x is less than the value of the variable named y .

Since the value of x is 5 and the value of y is 6, this relational expression returns true.

Behavior of an if statement

If the expression in the conditional clause returns true, the block of code following the conditional clause is executed

What is a block of code?

A block of code is one or more statements surrounded by matching curly brackets.

For cases like this one where the block includes only one statement, the curly brackets can be omitted. However, I prefer to put them there anyway. Theydon't cause any harm and help me avoid programming errors if I come back later and add more statements to the body of the if statement.

Display the word Hello

In this program, execution of the code in the block causes the print method to be called and the word Hello to be displayed followed by a space, but without a newline following the space.

What if the conditional clause returns false?

If the expression in the conditional clause returns false, the block of code following the conditional clause is bypassed.

(That is not the case in this program.)

After the if statement ...

After the if statement is executed in this program, the println method is called to cause the word World to be displayed on the same line as the word Hello .

A. Compiler Error

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
why?
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
what does nano mean?
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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