# Introduction and recap  (Page 4/4)

 Page 4 / 4

## Data set 4: global temperature

The mean global temperature from 1861 to 1996 is listed in [link] . The data, obtained from (External Link) , was converted to mean temperature in degrees Celsius.

 Year Temperature Year Temperature Year Temperature Year Temperature 1861 12.66 1901 12.871 1941 13.152 1981 13.228 1862 12.58 1902 12.726 1942 13.147 1982 13.145 1863 12.799 1903 12.647 1943 13.156 1983 13.332 1864 12.619 1904 12.601 1944 13.31 1984 13.107 1865 12.825 1905 12.719 1945 13.153 1985 13.09 1866 12.881 1906 12.79 1946 13.015 1986 13.183 1867 12.781 1907 12.594 1947 13.006 1987 13.323 1868 12.853 1908 12.575 1948 13.015 1988 13.34 1869 12.787 1909 12.596 1949 13.005 1989 13.269 1870 12.752 1910 12.635 1950 12.898 1990 13.437 1871 12.733 1911 12.611 1951 13.044 1991 13.385 1872 12.857 1912 12.678 1952 13.113 1992 13.237 1873 12.802 1913 12.671 1953 13.192 1993 13.28 1874 12.68 1914 12.85 1954 12.944 1994 13.355 1875 12.669 1915 12.962 1955 12.935 1995 13.483 1876 12.687 1916 12.727 1956 12.836 1996 13.314 1877 12.957 1917 12.584 1957 13.139 1878 13.092 1918 12.7 1958 13.208 1879 12.796 1919 12.792 1959 13.133 1880 12.811 1920 12.857 1960 13.094 1881 12.845 1921 12.902 1961 13.124 1882 12.864 1922 12.787 1962 13.129 1883 12.783 1923 12.821 1963 13.16 1884 12.73 1924 12.764 1964 12.868 1885 12.754 1925 12.868 1965 12.935 1886 12.826 1926 13.014 1966 13.035 1887 12.723 1927 12.904 1967 13.031 1888 12.783 1928 12.871 1968 13.004 1889 12.922 1929 12.718 1969 13.117 1890 12.703 1930 12.964 1970 13.064 1891 12.767 1931 13.041 1971 12.903 1892 12.671 1932 12.992 1972 13.031 1893 12.631 1933 12.857 1973 13.175 1894 12.709 1934 12.982 1974 12.912 1895 12.728 1935 12.943 1975 12.975 1896 12.93 1936 12.993 1976 12.869 1897 12.936 1937 13.092 1977 13.148 1898 12.759 1938 13.187 1978 13.057 1899 12.874 1939 13.111 1979 13.154 1900 12.959 1940 13.055 1980 13.195

## Data set 5: price of petrol

The price of petrol in South Africa from August 1998 to July 2000 is shown in [link] .

 Date Price (R/l) August 1998 R 2.37 September 1998 R 2.38 October 1998 R 2.35 November 1998 R 2.29 December 1998 R 2.31 January 1999 R 2.25 February 1999 R 2.22 March 1999 R 2.25 April 1999 R 2.31 May 1999 R 2.49 June 1999 R 2.61 July 1999 R 2.61 August 1999 R 2.62 September 1999 R 2.75 October 1999 R 2.81 November 1999 R 2.86 December 1999 R 2.85 January 2000 R 2.86 February 2000 R 2.81 March 2000 R 2.89 April 2000 R 3.03 May 2000 R 3.18 June 2000 R 3.22 July 2000 R 3.36

## Grouping data

One of the first steps to processing a large set of raw data is to arrange the data values together into a smaller number of groups, and then count how many of each data value there are in each group. The groups are usually based on some sort of interval of data values, so data values that fall into a specific interval, would be grouped together. The grouped data is often presented graphically or in a frequency table. (Frequency means “how many times”)

Group the elements of Data Set 1 to determine how many times the coin landed heads-up and how many times the coin landed tails-up.

1. There are two unique data values: H and T. Therefore there are two groups, one for the H-data values and one for the T-data values.

2.  Data Value Frequency H 44 T 56
3. There are 100 data values and the total of the frequency column is 44+56=100.

## Exercises - grouping data

1. The height of 30 learners are given below. Fill in the grouped data below. (Tally is a convenient way to count in 5's. We use llll to indicate 5.)
 142 163 169 132 139 140 152 168 139 150 161 132 162 172 146 152 150 132 157 133 141 170 156 155 169 138 142 160 164 168
 Group Tally Frequency 130 $\le h<$ 140 140 $\le h<$ 150 150 $\le h<$ 160 160 $\le h<$ 170 170 $\le h<$ 180
2. An experiment was conducted in class and 50 learners were asked to guess the number of sweets in a jar. The following guesses were recorded.
 56 49 40 11 33 33 37 29 30 59 21 16 38 44 38 52 22 24 30 34 42 15 48 33 51 44 33 17 19 44 47 23 27 47 13 25 53 57 28 23 36 35 40 23 45 39 32 58 22 40
Draw up a grouped frequency table using intervals 11-20, 21-30, 31-40, etc.

how can chip be made from sand
are nano particles real
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
no can't
Lohitha
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
what about nanotechnology for water purification
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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