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Exercise two: moral exemplar profiles

  • What are the positive and negative influences you can identify for your moral exemplar?
  • What good deeds did your exemplar carry out?
  • What obstacles did your moral exemplar face and how did he or she overcome them?
  • What skills, attitudes, beliefs, and emotions helped to orient and motivate your moral exemplar.?

Exercise three

Prepare a short dramatization of a key moment in the life of your group's moral exemplar.

Textbox: two different types of moral exemplar

  • Studies carried out by Chuck Huff into moral exemplars in computing suggest that moral exemplars can operate as craftspersons or reformers. (Sometimes they can combine both these modes.)
  • Craftspersons (1) draw on pre-existing values in computing, (2) focus on users or customers who have needs, (3) take on the role of providers of a service/product, (4) view barriers as inert obstacles or puzzles to be solved, and (5) believe they are effective in their role.
  • Reformers (1) attempt to change organizations and their values, (2) take on the role of moral crusaders, (3) view barriers as active opposition, and (4) believe in the necessity of systemic reform
  • These descriptions of moral exemplars have been taken from a presentation by Huff at the STS colloquium at the University of Virginia on October 2006. Huff's presentation can be found at the link provided in the upper left hand corner of this module.

    Elements of a life story interview

  • Major Influences
  • Peak and Nadir Experiences
  • Challenges and Opportunities.
  • Goals, Values, and Objectives
  • Commentary: The life story interview collects the subject's life in narrative form. Those conducting to the interview along with those studying it are skilled in identifying different patterns and structures in the interview. (Identifying and classifying the patterns is called "coding".)
  • Huff, Rogerson, and Barnard interviewed moral exemplars in computing in Europe and coded for the following: “social support and antagonism, the use of technical or social expertise, the description of harm to victims or need for reform, actions taken toward reform, designs undertaken for users or clients, effectiveness and ineffectiveness of action, and negative and positive emotion” (Huff and Barnard, 2009: 50).
  • They identified two kinds of moral exemplars in computing: helpers (or craftspersons) and reformers.

    Helpers and reformers

  • Craftspersons work to preserve existing values, see themselves as providers of a service, frame problems as overcoming barriers, and seek ethical ends (Huff and Barnard, 2009: 50).
  • Reformers focus on social systems, see themselves as moral crusaders, work to change values, view individuals as victims of injustice, and take system reform as their goal (Huff and Barnard, 2009: 50).
This table compares reformers to helpers or craftspersons.
Reformers and helpers
Exemplar-Type Dominant Value Project Defining-Characteristic Emotion
Reformers Justice Correcting systemic Injustice anger and contempt serve as motives to unseqt injustice.
Helpers or Craftspersons Responsibility as responsiveness to relevance Desire to alleviate suffering and solve problems Compassion and empathy serve as motives and modes of attunement.

Questions & Answers

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Almas
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Missy Reply
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Joseph
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da
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Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
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RAW Reply
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Professor
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LITNING Reply
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LITNING Reply
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LITNING
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Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
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Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to business, management, and ethics. OpenStax CNX. Aug 14, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11959/1.4
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