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What you are going to do.

Exercise i: does character exist?

The following is quoted from gilbert harmon’s article, “the nonexistence of character traits.”

Virtue ethicists do not and need not argue that most people are indeed virtuous or could in principle become virtuous' (Athanassoulis, 1999). But if we know that there is no such thing as a character trait and we know that virtue would require having character traits, how can we aim at becoming a virtuous agent? If there are no character traits, there is nothing one can do to acquire character traits that are more like those possessed by a virtuous agent.

    Examine each of the premises set forth in this argument.

  • Is it the case that there is no such thing as a character trait? (For example, do the Milgram experiments show that character traits displayed in one situation disappear when one enters into a different situation? Does the fact that a significant minority of subjects refused to continue in the experiment provide evidence that it is possible to develop robust character traits or is this just a matter of luck?)
  • Does virtue ethics rest on the assumption that there are robust, trans-situational character traits? (Do robust character traits have a basis in nature? Can these be developed by, say, practicing to the point of becoming “second nature?”)
  • In other words, does the inconsistency of action across situations displayed in the Milgram experiments undermine the claim that virtue ethics is possible?

Exercise ii: must george sacrifice his integrity to meet his family’s needs?

George is a chemist. He recently received a Ph.D. in this area and demonstrated considerable skill and knowledge in a highly specialized and sought after area of this discipline. But George is also unemployed. His wife has had to quit school and work as a waitress. They have two children and, even though George shares care-giving and domestic duties with his wife, it would be better if his wife could quit her job, go back to school, and have more time to be with her children. Finally, George is a pacifist. Since his expertise in Chemistry has military applications (specifically in the development of weapons in chemical warfare), it is possible for George to find work but only in positions that go against his pacifist beliefs. George’s friend, Antonio, informs him of a job possibility with Mega Weapons, a company whose revenues come primarily from government military defense projects. Antonio can get George an interview with Mega Weapons, and, given the scarcity of people with George’s expertise, this interview will probably result in a well-paying job. George however expresses concern with taking on such a job given that it would go against his pacifist beliefs. George is highly committed as a pacifist; these beliefs have been integrated into his core self system.


  • Should George set aside his pacifist beliefs in order to carry out his family responsibilities?
  • Under what conditions would setting aside his pacifist beliefs undermine George’s integrity?
  • By sticking to his pacifist beliefs and refusing to pursue this job opportunity, is George falling into the vice of excess, fanaticism and unreasonableness?
  • If George sets aside his pacifism and takes a job with Mega Weapons, does he fall into the vice of defect, namely, does he become a hypocrite or a moral chameleon?

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, The environments of the organization. OpenStax CNX. Feb 22, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11447/1.9
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