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What you are going to do.

Exercise i: does character exist?

The following is quoted from gilbert harmon’s article, “the nonexistence of character traits.”

Virtue ethicists do not and need not argue that most people are indeed virtuous or could in principle become virtuous' (Athanassoulis, 1999). But if we know that there is no such thing as a character trait and we know that virtue would require having character traits, how can we aim at becoming a virtuous agent? If there are no character traits, there is nothing one can do to acquire character traits that are more like those possessed by a virtuous agent.

    Examine each of the premises set forth in this argument.

  • Is it the case that there is no such thing as a character trait? (For example, do the Milgram experiments show that character traits displayed in one situation disappear when one enters into a different situation? Does the fact that a significant minority of subjects refused to continue in the experiment provide evidence that it is possible to develop robust character traits or is this just a matter of luck?)
  • Does virtue ethics rest on the assumption that there are robust, trans-situational character traits? (Do robust character traits have a basis in nature? Can these be developed by, say, practicing to the point of becoming “second nature?”)
  • In other words, does the inconsistency of action across situations displayed in the Milgram experiments undermine the claim that virtue ethics is possible?

Exercise ii: must george sacrifice his integrity to meet his family’s needs?

George is a chemist. He recently received a Ph.D. in this area and demonstrated considerable skill and knowledge in a highly specialized and sought after area of this discipline. But George is also unemployed. His wife has had to quit school and work as a waitress. They have two children and, even though George shares care-giving and domestic duties with his wife, it would be better if his wife could quit her job, go back to school, and have more time to be with her children. Finally, George is a pacifist. Since his expertise in Chemistry has military applications (specifically in the development of weapons in chemical warfare), it is possible for George to find work but only in positions that go against his pacifist beliefs. George’s friend, Antonio, informs him of a job possibility with Mega Weapons, a company whose revenues come primarily from government military defense projects. Antonio can get George an interview with Mega Weapons, and, given the scarcity of people with George’s expertise, this interview will probably result in a well-paying job. George however expresses concern with taking on such a job given that it would go against his pacifist beliefs. George is highly committed as a pacifist; these beliefs have been integrated into his core self system.

    Questions

  • Should George set aside his pacifist beliefs in order to carry out his family responsibilities?
  • Under what conditions would setting aside his pacifist beliefs undermine George’s integrity?
  • By sticking to his pacifist beliefs and refusing to pursue this job opportunity, is George falling into the vice of excess, fanaticism and unreasonableness?
  • If George sets aside his pacifism and takes a job with Mega Weapons, does he fall into the vice of defect, namely, does he become a hypocrite or a moral chameleon?

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, The environments of the organization. OpenStax CNX. Feb 22, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11447/1.9
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