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(11) Simplify the problem if possible. Take advantage of symmetries which often exist.

Keep in mind that your first try may not work. But don't get discouraged. If one approach doesn't work, try another. You have to keep trying different approaches, different ideas. As you gain experience, your problem solving skills improve and you tend to find the right approach sooner.

Let us now look at some examples to illustrate the topics discussed above.

Examples

Example 1

This is an example in which you can find a solution once you analyze and understand the unknowns and data.

Problem: A survey of TV viewers shows the following results:

To the question "Do you watch comedies?", 352 answered "Yes".,

To the question "Do you watch sports ?", 277 answered "Yes", and

To the question "Do you watch both comedies and sports ?", 129 answered "Yes".

Given these data, find, among people who watch at least one of comedies and sports, percentages of people who watch at least one of comedies and sports watch only comedies, only sports, and both comedies and sports.

Let us try to solve this problem following the framework presented above.

Understanding the Problem: This is a "find" type problem. So we try to identify unknowns, data and conditions.

The unknowns are the percentage of people who watch only comedies, the percentage of people who watch only sports, and the percentage of people who watch both comedies and sports.

The data are the three numbers: 352, 277 and 129, representing the number of people who watch comedies, sports, and both comedies and sports, respectively. Note that 352 includes people who watch both comedies and sports as well as people who watch only comedies. Similarly for 277.

The conditions are not explicitly given in the problem statement. But one can see that the percentages must add up to 100, and they must be nonnegative.

Devising a Solution Plan: Here we first examine the principal parts in detail.

First let us consider the unknowns in more detail. To calculate the percentage of the people who watch only comedies, for example, we need the number of people who watch at least one of comedies and sports, and the number of people who watch only comedies. Thus actually two unknowns are involved in each of the required percentages, and the real unknowns are the number of people in each of the categories, and the number of people who watch at least one of comedies and sports.

Next let us look at the data. First the number 352 is the number of people who watch comedies. But that is not necessarily that of the people who watch only comedies. It includes that and the number of people who watch both comedies and sports. Similarly for the second number 277.

Let us use symbols to represent each of the unknowns: Let C represent the number of people who watch only comedies, S that of the people who watch only sports, and T that of the people who watch at least one of those programs.

Then we have the following relationships among the unknowns:

C + 129 = 352

S + 129 = 277

C + S + 129 = T

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
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Source:  OpenStax, Discrete structures. OpenStax CNX. Jan 23, 2008 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10513/1.1
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