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(11) Simplify the problem if possible. Take advantage of symmetries which often exist.

Keep in mind that your first try may not work. But don't get discouraged. If one approach doesn't work, try another. You have to keep trying different approaches, different ideas. As you gain experience, your problem solving skills improve and you tend to find the right approach sooner.

Let us now look at some examples to illustrate the topics discussed above.

Examples

Example 1

This is an example in which you can find a solution once you analyze and understand the unknowns and data.

Problem: A survey of TV viewers shows the following results:

To the question "Do you watch comedies?", 352 answered "Yes".,

To the question "Do you watch sports ?", 277 answered "Yes", and

To the question "Do you watch both comedies and sports ?", 129 answered "Yes".

Given these data, find, among people who watch at least one of comedies and sports, percentages of people who watch at least one of comedies and sports watch only comedies, only sports, and both comedies and sports.

Let us try to solve this problem following the framework presented above.

Understanding the Problem: This is a "find" type problem. So we try to identify unknowns, data and conditions.

The unknowns are the percentage of people who watch only comedies, the percentage of people who watch only sports, and the percentage of people who watch both comedies and sports.

The data are the three numbers: 352, 277 and 129, representing the number of people who watch comedies, sports, and both comedies and sports, respectively. Note that 352 includes people who watch both comedies and sports as well as people who watch only comedies. Similarly for 277.

The conditions are not explicitly given in the problem statement. But one can see that the percentages must add up to 100, and they must be nonnegative.

Devising a Solution Plan: Here we first examine the principal parts in detail.

First let us consider the unknowns in more detail. To calculate the percentage of the people who watch only comedies, for example, we need the number of people who watch at least one of comedies and sports, and the number of people who watch only comedies. Thus actually two unknowns are involved in each of the required percentages, and the real unknowns are the number of people in each of the categories, and the number of people who watch at least one of comedies and sports.

Next let us look at the data. First the number 352 is the number of people who watch comedies. But that is not necessarily that of the people who watch only comedies. It includes that and the number of people who watch both comedies and sports. Similarly for the second number 277.

Let us use symbols to represent each of the unknowns: Let C represent the number of people who watch only comedies, S that of the people who watch only sports, and T that of the people who watch at least one of those programs.

Then we have the following relationships among the unknowns:

C + 129 = 352

S + 129 = 277

C + S + 129 = T

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Discrete structures. OpenStax CNX. Jan 23, 2008 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10513/1.1
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