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Ethnic, national, global identities

Continued from Edchange :

Every child comes to school with an ethnic identity whether these identifications are conscious or unconscious. Thisidentification must be recognized and respected by the teacher. It must be the basis for the learning activities in the classroom. This recognition ofindividual ethnic identities is the beginning point; it is a connector of both the teacher to the student and the students to each other. It is the basicbuilding block in the learning process, which requires knowing where the child is relative to him/herself and the content to be addressed. Thisethnic identification is a continual point of focus throughout the education process and is the basis for developing the next level ofidentification, which is a national identification.

The national identity of the individual requires his/her understanding and commitment to the democratic ideals such ashuman dignity, justice and equality. Here the focus is on becoming effective members of a democratic society. An individual's strongnational identification is essential to his/her development of a global identity.

As our society becomes more and more dependent on other societies, it is critical that the schools address the problems of the worldas a whole. The development of the global identification provides the students with the opportunity to see how as a nation we fit into the worldsociety. It allows students to better understand that the actions of a nation must not only be viewed in terms of the implications for that nation,but in terms of its effects on the whole world. Children who have developed both a strong ethnic and national identity can also develop a globalidentification, which should in turn make them better citizens of the world community.

At this point in time in history, it is important to realize that the identifications discussed above are hierarchial. Inother words, the curriculum and the learning needs to proceed by first recognizing the ethnic identity, then the national identity, and finallythe global. The development of the latter national and global identities are dependent upon the development of the former ethnic. It isalso important to note that the individual identities are not static, butcontinually evolving, and so it is important for the curriculum to emphasize all three types of identities as learning progresses.

(adapted from Multicultural Education: Issues and Perspectives , James Banks and Cherry Banks, 1997, 1989.)


(Adapted form the work of Hernandez, Multicultural Education: A teacher's guide to content and process, 1989.)

  • For political, social, educational, and economic reasons it is increasingly important to recognize one's country as a culturallydiverse society.
  • Multicultural education is for all students.
  • Multicultural education is synonymous with effective teaching.
  • Teaching is a cross-cultural encounter.
  • The educational system has not served all students equally well.
  • Multicultural education should be synonymous with educational innovation and reform.
  • Next to parents (primary caregivers), teachers are the single most important factor in the lives of children.
  • Classroom interaction between teachers and students constitutes the major part of the educational process for most students.

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Course 4: culture for understanding. OpenStax CNX. Mar 13, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10334/1.10
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