<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

The Commission has identified six key challenges that must be engaged if we intend to build a robustcyberinfrastructure:

  • The ephemeral nature of digital data
  • The nature of humanities and social science data
  • Copyright laws
  • The conservative culture of scholarship
  • Uncertainty about the future mechanisms, forms, and economics of scholarly publishing and scholarly communication moregenerally
  • Insufficient resources, will, and leadership to build cyberinfrastructure for the humanities and social sciences

Ephemerality

The study of human cultures and creativity is founded on access to the records of the past. Preserving andensuring the authenticity of the artifacts and records of the past is one of the most valued functions of libraries, archives, andmuseums—and yet we have only begun to learn how to do these things with the political, economic, social, and cultural record of ourincreasingly digital civilization.

For an overview of some of the preservation issues and literature, see Daniel J. Cohen and Roy Rosenzweig,“Preserving Digital History,” in Digital History: A Guide to Gathering, Preserving, and Presenting the Past on the Web(Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005) (External Link) .
Digital data are notoriously fragile, short-lived, and easy to manipulatewithout leaving obvious evidence of fraud. Therefore, such content is best preserved in trustworthy repositories, without which therewill be critical breaks in the chain of evidence. Although sites such as YouTube, Flickr, Facebook, and MySpace
YouTube (External Link) ; Flickr (External Link) ; Facebook (External Link) ; MySpace (External Link) .
have become popular for hosting digital collections, they are not repositories that ensurelong-term access to the content. The rapid turnover in digital hardware and software often leaves digital data marooned on mediaor in formats that can no longer be accessed and that are highly susceptible to deterioration and loss. Preservation requires thescrupulous management of data from the moment it enters a repository through the steps of validation, storage, migration, anddelivery to parties that have been authenticated and authorized to receive it. These are complex technical procedures dependent onstandards and protocols that work quickly and reliably. Preservation was once an obscure backroom operation of interestchiefly to conservators and archivists: it is now widely recognized as one of the most important elements of a functional and enduringcyberinfrastructure.

Questions & Answers

are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get Jobilize Job Search Mobile App in your pocket Now!

Get it on Google Play Download on the App Store Now




Source:  OpenStax, "our cultural commonwealth" the report of the american council of learned societies commission on cyberinfrastructure for the humanities and social sciences. OpenStax CNX. Dec 15, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10391/1.2
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the '"our cultural commonwealth" the report of the american council of learned societies commission on cyberinfrastructure for the humanities and social sciences' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask