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#include<stdio.h>int main() {FILE *file; char sentence[50]; int i;file = fopen("sentence.txt", "w+"); /* we create a file for reading and writing */if(file==NULL) { printf("Error: can't create file.\n");return 1; }else { printf("File created successfully.\n");printf("Enter a sentence less than 50 characters: "); gets(sentence);for(i=0 ; sentence[i] ; i++) {fputc(sentence[i], file);} rewind(file); /* reset the file pointer's position */ printf("Contents of the file: \n\n");while(!feof(file)) { printf("%c", fgetc(file));} printf("\n");fclose(file); return 0;} }
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Output depends on what you entered. First of all, we stored the inputted sentence in a char array, since we're writing to a file one character at a time it'd be useful to detect for the null character. Recall that the null character, \0, returns 0, so putting sentence[i] in the condition part of the for loop iterates until the null character is met.

Then we call rewind, which takes the file pointer to the beginning of the file, so we can read from it. In the while loop we print the contents a character at a time, until we reach the end of the file - determined by using the feof function.

Note that it is essential to have the include file stdio.h referenced at the top of your program in order to use any of these functions: fscanf(), fgets(), fgetc(), fflush(), fprintf(), fputs(), fputc(), feof(), fseek() và rewind().

Eof and errors

When a function returns EOF (or, occasionally, 0 or NULL, as in the case of fread and fgets respectively), we commonly say that we have reached “end of file” but it turns out that it's also possible that there's been some kind of I/O error. When you want to distinguish between end-of-file and error, you can do so with the feof and ferror functions. feof(fp) returns nonzero (that is, “true”) if end-of-file has been reached on the file pointer fp, and ferror(fp) returns nonzero if there has been an error.

Notice feof returns nonzero if end-of-file has been reached. It does not tell you that the next attempt to read from the stream will reach end-of-file, but rather that the previous attempt (by some other function) already did. (If you know Pascal, you may notice that the end-of-file detection situation in C is therefore quite different from Pascal.) Therefore, you would never write a loop like

while(!feof(fp)) fgets(line, max, fp);

Instead, check the return value of the input function directly:

while(fgets(line, max, fp) != NULL)

With a very few possible exceptions, you don't use feof to detect end-of-file; you use feof or ferror to distinguish between end-of-file and error. (You can also use ferror to diagnose error conditions on output files.)

Since the end-of-file and error conditions tend to persist on a stream, it's sometimes necessary to clear (reset) them, which you can do with clearerr(FILE *fp) .

What should your program do if it detects an I/O error? Certainly, it cannot continue as usual; usually, it will print an error message. The simplest error messages are of the form

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to computer science. OpenStax CNX. Jul 29, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10776/1.1
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