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English home language

Grade 5

Tickle your taste buds

Module 14

Verbs and tenses

Verbs are ACTION words!

What is happening to Gemma in this picture?List six actions:

Let’s play a little game: close your eyes and think of an action. Now turn to your partner and mime (act without talking or sound effects) – your partner must guess what you are miming. Swap around and now guess what your partner is miming.

These actions are known as verbs.Every sentence has at least one verb.

Find the “action words” in these sentences and underline them in blue:

1. Our tomatoes grow plump and juicy in the sun.

2. We cram thirty-six tomatoes into each bottle of sauce.

3. We also add herbs, vinegar and spices.

4. We enjoy our product.

Oops! Help! All the actions have been muddled in this recipe.

Vanilla Fudge

450 g granulated sugar

50 g butter

397 g full-cream sweetened condensed milk

150 g milk

1 tsp vanilla essence

Pack all the ingredients into a saucepan.

Pour over a low heat until the sugar and butter reaches, then eat steadily, boil quite frequently, until the mixture have dissolved the “soft ball” stage.

Stir the mixture in a pan until it stirring cloudy.

Did you notice that one of the verbs consists of two words?

These words are also called verbs:

am is are was were have has had

They can help other verbs or can be used on their own.

Underline the verbs in this exercise:

1. Eggs are the power behind brainpower.

2. Buy a bag of potatoes today, as they contain all the goodness.

3. I am buying this brand of dog food, because I believe that it is just what my dog deserves.

Fill each of the blank spaces with one of the following verbs:

am is are was were have has had

1. The kittens ___ attacked Gemma while she sleeping.

2. Gemma ___ sniffing a nasturtium.

3. Did you know that nasturtiums ___ edible?

4. I ___ arranging the petals in a salad.

5 She ___ eaten today.

6. The naughty kittens ___ stalking the dog.

7. She ___ sneezing from the pollen.

8. She ___ an inquisitive puppy.

(Have you noticed a pattern in the cases where these verbs help other verbs?)

Try these:

9. I ___ ordered a cake from Crumbs, the bakery.

10. The cake ___ to resemble a Porsche.

11. The bakers ___ world famous.

12. Tina Turner ___ one of their clients.

13. They ___ icing a butterfly for the Queen Mother

14. My Porsche cake ___ blood-red.

15. It ___ a personalised number plate.

16. I ___ delighted with the result.

[LO 4.4.2; 4.4.3; 6.2.3]


LO 4


The learner will be able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.

We know this when the learner:

4.1 writes different kinds of texts for different purposes and audiences:

4.1.1 writes for personal, exploratory, playful, imaginative and creative purposes (e.g. diary, humorous anecdotes, story, poem);

4.1.2 writes informational texts expressing ideas clearly and logically for different audiences (e.g. notices, reports);

4.1.3 writes and designs visual texts expressing information clearly and creatively (e.g. advertisements, newsletters, map with pictures and labels);

4.1.4 transfers information from one form into another (e.g. information from a table into a written paragraph or graph);

4.3 produces neat and legible work with attention to presentation (e.g. cover page, title, headings, and suitable graphics);

4.4 applies knowledge of language at various levels:

4.4.1 word level;

4.4.2 sentence level;

4.4.3 paragraph level;

LO 6

LANGUAGE STRUCTURE AND USE The learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language to create and interpret texts.

We know this when the learner:

6.1 works with words:

6.1.1 uses prefixes, stems and suffixes/extensions to form words;

6.1.3 records words in a personal dictionary;

6.1.4 uses phonics and spelling rules to spell words correctly;

6.2 works with sentences:

6.2.3 identifies and uses nouns, pronouns, prepositions, articles and conjunctions;

6.2.6 consolidates use of punctuation learned so far.

6.4 develops awareness and use of style:

6.4.1 uses language appropriate for the audience, purpose and context (e.g.

formal / informal register);



Instruct the learners to identify verbs in the given sentences:

1. Our tomatoes grow plump and juicy in the sun.

2. We cram thirty-six tomatoes into each bottle of sauce.

3. We add herbs, vinegar and spices.

4. We enjoy our product.

Answers to the recipe activity:


  1. Eggs are the power behind brainpower.
  2. Buy a bag of potatoes today, as they contain all the goodness.
  3. I am buying this brand of dog food, because it is just what my dog deserves .
  1. The kittens had attacked Gemma while she was sleeping.
  2. Gemma is / was sniffing a nasturtium.
  3. Did you know that nasturtiums are edible?
  4. I am / was arranging the petals in a salad.
  5. She has / had eaten today.
  6. The naughty kittens are / were stalking the dog.
  7. She is / was sneezing from the pollen.
  8. She is / was an inquisitive puppy.

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English home language grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 22, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10991/1.2
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