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English home language

Grade 4


Module 27

Parts of speech

Activity 1

To work with parts of speech and proverbs [lo 6.2.5, 6.6]

  • Read the following passage carefully.

The Three Bears – the latest edition!

Panorama – James Jenson and Craig Cooper knew the fairy story of the three bears but they felt it was a bit far-fetched.

James and Craig, two very hard-working loggers were working in the forest on Panorama Island. They chopped down an enormous cedar tree.

A large bear appeared ferociously out of the hollow trunk when the tree crashed to the ground.

“She must have gone inside the trunk to hibernate,” said Jenson.

Jenson heard noises, and when he investigated he saw three darling little bear cubs inside.

The men left the bear cubs in peace, hoping that their mother would return for them. Eventually, Craig took them home and fed them milk, water and egg yolk, with honey for dessert.

The cubs were taken to the Tygerberg Zoo . They will become a feature attraction at the children’s zoo.

(A news item, retold by the author)

  1. From the first paragraph choose:
  1. two common nouns:
  2. two adjectives:
  3. From the second paragraph choose:
  1. two proper nouns:
  2. two verbs:
  3. Name the parts of speech of the following words:
  1. appeared
  2. ferociously
  3. hollow
  4. trunk
  5. gone
  6. investigated
  7. crashed
  8. Tygerberg Zoo

Underline the best answer:

  1. “far-fetched” (paragraph 1) means:
  • very far away.
  • too unusual to be true.
  • they could not reach it.
  • “hard-working” (in paragraph 2) means:
  • they find the work they do, rather difficult.
  • they are rough, hard men.
  • they are devoted to their task.
  • Write each sentence in the PAST TENSE.
  • Jenson takes the cubs home!
  • The loggers work in the forest and chop trees down.
  • They see Panorama Island in the distance.
  1. Complete the following PROVERBS. Use the jumbled up words in the block to help you.
  1. A friend in need
  2. Every cloud
  3. New brooms
  4. A stitch in time

clean sweep indeed a is

silver saves lining has a friend nine

Clearly explain the following proverb:

Where there’s a will, there’s a way.


If you are writing down the exact words that someone is saying, it is called DIRECT SPEECH. Words that are spoken are put inside inverted commas.

Here are some examples:

  • “I love you so much, Heracles,” said Alcmene.
  • “I enjoyed my birthday party,” said the Wobblefluff.
  • Simon exclaimed, “Gosh, I’m hungry!”

Direct speech always begins with a capital letter. A comma is used to separate the name of the speaker from the words he is saying.

Activity 2

To use the correct punctuation for direct speech [lo 6.2.8]

Use inverted commas, commas and capital letters correctly in the following sentences:

  • we are diligent workers exclaimed the Skinnibones.
  • wobblefluff, why do you talk about food so much? asked the Skinnibones.
  • look, there’s the little goblin! exclaimed Simon.
  • Simon said I am here to help you.
  • would you like the hair from Websters tail? asked Simon.
  • the spangled pandemonium is missing, warned the zookeeper.
  • don’t wander after dark the keeper told the school children.
  • woof, woof yapped Webster when he spotted his dinner.
  • you are a couch potato, Craig. turn the television off now exclaimed his mother.
  • Craig replied I enjoy watching television Mother.


LEARNING OUTCOME 6: LANGUAGE STRUCTURE AND USE The learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language and interpret texts.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner:

6.2 works with sentences:

6.2.5 identifies and uses nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives, prepositions;

6.2.8 uses punctuation correctly (e.g. quotation marks for direct speech, apostrophe for possession).

6.6 uses meta-language (terms such as direct speech, indirect speech, idioms, proverb, formal, informal, simile, quotation marks).


Activity 1

1. (a) story, hears

(b) fairy, three, far-fetched (any two)

2. (a) James, Craig, Panorama Island (any two)

(b) were working, chopped

3. (a) verb

(b) adverb

(c) adjective

(d) (common) noun

(e) part of verb: have gone

(f) verb

(g) verb

(h) (proper) noun

4. too unusual to be true

5. they are devoted to their task

6. (a) Jenson took the cubs home!

(b) The loggers worked in the forest and chopped down trees.

(c) They saw Panorama Island in the distance.

7. (a) … is a friend indeed.

(b) … has a silver lining.

(c) … sweep clean.

(d) … saves nine.

If one really wants to do something, one will find a way of doing it, even if it is difficult.

Activity 2

1. “We are diligent workers!” exclaimed the Skinnibones.

2. “Wobblefluff, why do you talk about food so much?” asked the Skinnibones.

3. “Look, there’s the little goblin!” exclaimed Simon.

4. Simon said, “I am here to help you.”

5. “Would you like the hair from Webster’s tail?” asked Simon.

6. “The Spangled Pandemonium is missing,” warned the zookeeper.

7. “Don’t wander after dark,” the keeper told the school children.

8. “Woof, woof!” yapped Webster when he spotted his dinner.

9. “You are a couch potato, Craig. Turn the television off now!” exclaimed his mother.

10. Craig replied, ”I enjoy watching television, Mother.”

Questions & Answers

Apply social psychology on real life in Nigerian universities campus
tyosaa Reply
what is the meaning of an idiosyncratic pattern
Krystle Reply
I am here for the first time just here to learn...
michael Reply
hi I'm new on here first time
hi,am new here
what is this group all about
Suppose an individual with OCD experiences obsessive thoughts about germs, contamination, and disease whenever she encounters a doorknob. What might have constituted a viable unconditioned stimulus? 
la Reply
What are factors that influence learning?
Enos Reply
Environment Heredity(I am not sure about heredity)
Helpful. .. thanks
Sure, anytime
I have other questions also
Based on the factors affecting learning, how do we improve learning
I think that addressing that everyone learns in their own time
Peer group influence can also be another reason
Also knowing what's going on at home. what pressure are the parents putting on them.
am I close or no
also is there a lack of care? going one more step. with peer groups do an activity that shows how much they have in common
under what schedule of reinforcement do animals learn from ?
Phelisa Reply
the role of emotional intelligence in a courtship behavior
Caren Reply
describe the task and roles of industrial psychologist in solving the problems
Solomzi Reply
hi I'm Vaishnavi and I'm new to psychology:)
Vaishnavi Reply
what is motivation
Muhammad Reply
getting passionate about something and strive for success
observation and method based
Winter Reply
the meaning of science
soul is the Greek word for psyche
psychology is scientific research of the human brain.
Psychology is a study of human mind and behaviour
psychology is a social science which aim at studying the mind as it affect the behavior of an individual.
write and explain four psychosexual stages of personality development
I'm asking on behalf of someone How can a guy get over his weakness for girls? Like the person have soft spot for every girl and he thinks he love them then suddenly stuff change.... Like a switch
Ajayi Reply
whats the age of the boy?
16 or 17
lol. it gets over with time. it's not something that can be changed instantly. and for teenagers.. anyone of opposite sex is a tasty lollipop.
yes in time it will go away but could also take years
maybe because he doesn't really have mind of making decisions at the moment on what he need and what he doesn't want
maybe he's trying to find someone to love because he's either lacked loved and feel that's the only way to feel loved or he's lonely and feels a girl can make it better . either he's got deal with the core issue
its natural. I think it should be like this. girls also have weakness toward guys. but you can overcome on few things like concept of beauty. first step is realisation which will grow in you. also discipline help in these things.
what are cluster A disease?
Saee Reply
because psychology is a natural science as well as a science. it's a interdisciplinary subject
Kamakshi Reply
yes absolutely we cabt out Psychology completely into science dur to its various measuring aspects
cannot* put*
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Source:  OpenStax, English home language grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11092/1.1
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