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Let’s go underground

Educator section

Memorandum

Educator’s page:

The sounds to be introduced in this module are:- k as in kite; b as in ball; p as in pipe; s as in snake; f as in fox; e as in egg; d as in donkey; g as in gate.

The learner should, at the end of Module 3, be able to recognise all these sounds, namely, a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, k, l, m, n, o, p, r, s, v, w.

Daily revision of these sounds is essential, as well as assessing individually to see whether some learners are confused. If so – re-teach those sounds, play flash card games with them, match sound to picture until they know them all fluently.

Matching sound to picture can be done in the following way.

a o g n On a card. Match pictures to card

h b f p

l v c e

w r k d

Word building is to be introduced only with sounds already learnt.

This is a slow process that needs much practice. Listening and identifying the beginning as well as the last letters should precede word building, e.g. “Listen to the word; what can you hear first? Cat. What can you hear last?” The educator will emphasize the letter to be identified, e.g. cat. Many examples can be given. Use 3-letter words.

As soon as learners can identify the beginning and the last letters, let them listen for the middle letter, again emphasizing it, e.g. cat.

Reading

Learners have, at the end of Module 3, learnt to read and recognise ±100 words.

Here again much repetition and frequent consolidation is necessary. Use the vocabulary pages in the modules. Learners can read these words to one another, in pairs, in small groups and at home. Many games can also be devised for consolidating these words.

Encourage the learners to make up their own stories (sentences) orally, using these words. They can be encouraged to write these sentences – at first perhaps one a day – and then to illustrate them. Their stories will become longer depending on the amount of practice they get in using the vocabulary for their own stories. Also encourage them to use the new words, which were introduced when the new sound was taught. If they also “read” through these pages regularly, they will soon have a large amount of words with which to make their own new “stories”.

The game: The “friend’s” card can be cut off, making two loose cards. The educator can make other cards with words that need to be practised.

The educator needs to photostat the cards 1, 2, 3 and 4 for extra copies, which are cut up, for the small cards. These small cards are shuffled and learners take turns to pick them up, read them and match the word on the small card to the word on their card. The learner covers his/her card with the small card. The one who has covered his/her whole card first is the winner.

  • Ask questions.
  • Let the learners predict what could happen.
  • Let them give a reason to explain how the Toobies are able to build tunnels so quickly.
  • What do they think of the Wise Old Owl?

Discussion:

  • Let the learners suggest answers to all Mother Wop’s questions.
  • Have any of them heard of floods in our country? Or seen floods on television?
  • Let them talk about their experiences and how floods affect people as well as nature.
  • A project can be launched in school by the Grade 1’s to help those in need, e.g. they can collect tinned foods, blankets, clothes, etc. and send/take them to the needy.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, English home language grade 1. OpenStax CNX. Sep 22, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11115/1.1
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