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Discusses the need to improve the effectiveness of parallel codes to increase adoption of e-Infrastructure services for research.

Developing correct and efficient parallel code for research applications remains a challenging task that is being exacerbated by the increase in potential parallelism supported by modern computer architectures. The emergence of multi-core and multi-threaded CPUs means this has become an issue even in applications running on commodity hardware. The problem is even more pronounced in cluster and HPC systems.

"we’ve sat on the back of Moore’s Law for the last forty years and sort of expected [that] processors would get twice as fast every 18 months or so and that’s simply stopping. The approach of going down the multi-core route means that if you’re going to solve the computational problems of a decade’s time you’re not going to be able to do it on 100 or 1000 processors you’re going to be looking at 10,000 or 100,000 processors and frankly if you look at the code-base they don’t scale so the numerical tools for example that we have today need a thorough overhaul and that’s an enormous task. You know if I look at [a large-scale HPC service]alone I mean we’ve got some 20 codes on [it] in general purpose use in the chemistry area alone so I think there’s a real challenge there and it’s not just for the UK but how to move the code base forward to have algorithms that really meet 21st Century needs." (service provider)

Enablers

Collaborations between HPC experts and researchers as well as key enablers such as mathematicians can help to develop new computational codes that scale better to modern architectures. Where possible, these should be factored into reusable libraries that can be taken up across a range of disciplines but it may well be that the best way to parallelise code is application specific.

[We have a programme to] develop a set of numerical techniques targeted key application areas that will be designed to scale and then ways in which we can guide the compilers actually to get better performance out of these new codes [...]. More generally than that we’re engaged in specific research projects looking at specific codes or specific sets of codes for key research areas to try to solve the scaling problem and develop, you know, new techniques and the challenge actually of course is that the new techniques that we have to develop are radically different in some cases from the ones that we’ve had for the past 20 years because of the need to not simply look at one narrow slice of a problem but you need to look at the problem in their own [right] so if you’re designing an aircraft wing, in the past we’ve split it up in a way that you’d have one set of people or one set of codes looking at the structural integrity of the wing and another set of people and another set of codes looking at the airflow over the wing whereas actually you know that you want to combine them because different airflows could produce different strains on the wing and therefore different issues for structural integrity and so on and so forth so there is a lot more thrust towards inter-disciplinary working that we have to drag together and that just makes the computational task much harder." (service provider)

Questions & Answers

explain and give four Example hyperbolic function
Lukman Reply
The denominator of a certain fraction is 9 more than the numerator. If 6 is added to both terms of the fraction, the value of the fraction becomes 2/3. Find the original fraction. 2. The sum of the least and greatest of 3 consecutive integers is 60. What are the valu
SABAL Reply
1. x + 6 2 -------------- = _ x + 9 + 6 3 x + 6 3 ----------- x -- (cross multiply) x + 15 2 3(x + 6) = 2(x + 15) 3x + 18 = 2x + 30 (-2x from both) x + 18 = 30 (-18 from both) x = 12 Test: 12 + 6 18 2 -------------- = --- = --- 12 + 9 + 6 27 3
Pawel
2. (x) + (x + 2) = 60 2x + 2 = 60 2x = 58 x = 29 29, 30, & 31
Pawel
Mark and Don are planning to sell each of their marble collections at a garage sale. If Don has 1 more than 3 times the number of marbles Mark has, how many does each boy have to sell if the total number of marbles is 113?
mariel Reply
Mark = x,. Don = 3x + 1 x + 3x + 1 = 113 4x = 112, x = 28 Mark = 28, Don = 85, 28 + 85 = 113
Pawel
how do I set up the problem?
Harshika Reply
what is a solution set?
Harshika
find the subring of gaussian integers?
Rofiqul
hello, I am happy to help!
Shirley Reply
please can go further on polynomials quadratic
Abdullahi
hi mam
Mark
I need quadratic equation link to Alpa Beta
Abdullahi Reply
find the value of 2x=32
Felix Reply
divide by 2 on each side of the equal sign to solve for x
corri
X=16
Michael
Want to review on complex number 1.What are complex number 2.How to solve complex number problems.
Beyan
yes i wantt to review
Mark
use the y -intercept and slope to sketch the graph of the equation y=6x
Only Reply
how do we prove the quadratic formular
Seidu Reply
please help me prove quadratic formula
Darius
hello, if you have a question about Algebra 2. I may be able to help. I am an Algebra 2 Teacher
Shirley Reply
thank you help me with how to prove the quadratic equation
Seidu
may God blessed u for that. Please I want u to help me in sets.
Opoku
what is math number
Tric Reply
4
Trista
x-2y+3z=-3 2x-y+z=7 -x+3y-z=6
Sidiki Reply
can you teacch how to solve that🙏
Mark
Solve for the first variable in one of the equations, then substitute the result into the other equation. Point For: (6111,4111,−411)(6111,4111,-411) Equation Form: x=6111,y=4111,z=−411x=6111,y=4111,z=-411
Brenna
(61/11,41/11,−4/11)
Brenna
x=61/11 y=41/11 z=−4/11 x=61/11 y=41/11 z=-4/11
Brenna
Need help solving this problem (2/7)^-2
Simone Reply
x+2y-z=7
Sidiki
what is the coefficient of -4×
Mehri Reply
-1
Shedrak
the operation * is x * y =x + y/ 1+(x × y) show if the operation is commutative if x × y is not equal to -1
Alfred Reply
A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
Kimberly Reply
Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
August Reply
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
Leonardo Reply
How do i figure this problem out.
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
Shanjida
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
s.
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, E-research community engagement findings. OpenStax CNX. Jun 09, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10673/1.9
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