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Sosiale wetenskappe: aardrykskunde

Graad 6

Handel en ontwikkeling

Module 12

Eienskappe van ontwikkelende lande

A. Eienskappe van ontwikkelende lande

1. L ae lewensverwagting – word gemeet aan die gemiddelde ouderdom wat die mens na verwagting sal bereik.

Voltooi en bestudeer die meegaande tabel:

N/S Land Lewensverwagting in jare
.....N...... Kanada 78,8
.......... Brittanje 77,8
.......... VSA 77
......... Brasilië 67,7
....S..... Suid-Afrika 52,1
......... Angola 45,2
......... Zimbabwe 42,9
......... Mosambiek 39

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om afleidings uit statistiek te maak

[lu 1.2, 1.5, 2.2]

Bespreek jou bevindings in groepverband en skryf ‘n kort paragraaf daaroor met spesifieke verwysing na die moontlike redes vir die patroon soos aangedui .

As gevolg van die groot besteding aan gesondheidsdienste in ontwikkelde lande is daar minder babas wat by geboorte sterf en minder kinders wat vroeg sterf. Mense word ook baie ouer as gevolg van goeie en voorkomende mediese sorg.

2. Lae standaard van onderwys

Onderwys en opleiding bepaal die vlak waarop die bevolking van ‘n land funksioneer en produseer. As ons in gedagte hou dat daar ongeveer 80 miljoen kinders in die arm Suide is wat geen skool bywoon nie, kan ons verstaan waarom arm lande ‘n toekoms van werkloosheid in die gesig staar. Sonder die nodige opleiding kan hulle nie gereed gemaak word vir die wêreld van werk om sodoende hul eie leefwêreld te probeer verbeter nie.

Hoe dink jy beïnvloed ‘n lae geletterdheidspersentasie die ekonomie van ‘n land?

3. Swak gesondheidsorg

Die persentasie van ‘n land se begroting wat aan sy gesondheidsdienste bestee word, bepaal hoofsaaklik die standaard van gesondheidsorg in die land. Kyk ons na die gemiddelde persentasie van 4% by ontwikkelende lande teen die 96% by ontwikkelde lande in die grafiek op bl. 12 kan ons verstaan waarom die hospitale in so baie arm lande in so ‘n swak toestand is. Die hoeveelheid dokter en fasiliteite is heeltemal ontoereikend vir die getal inwoners van die land.

Interessante statistiek

Kwota pasiënte per mediese dokter
Ontwikkelde Europese land (N) 1:250
Ontwikkelende Afrika land (S) 1:20 000

4. Werkloosheid

Oorbevolking en lae geletterheid is van die hoofoorsake van werkloosheid. Almal wil werk om geld te verdien om ‘n bestaan te kan maak. As iemand werkloos is, kan hy/sy nie selfonderhoudend wees nie en geen bydrae lewer tot die ekonomie van die land nie.

5. Swak voeding en toegang tot veilige water

Die grafiek op bl. 12 dui aan dat slegs 43% van die wêreld se voedselproduksie in lande gevind word wat 80% van die wêreld se bevolking huisves. Dit, saam met die lae lewensverwagting en gebrekkige opvoeding en opleiding, sowel as ontoereikende industrieë gee vir ons ‘n resep vir wanvoeding (wanneer iemand nie genoeg gesonde kos inneem nie). Ongeveer 30% van die arm Suide se kinders het nie genoeg voedsel om daagliks te eet nie.

In ontwikkelende lande is baie mense afhanklik van ‘n spruit of rivier vir hul daaglikse vars water. Hierdie bronne is nie altyd veilig en skoon nie en dit lei tot die uitbreek van siektes soos cholera waaraan baie mense jaarliks sterf.

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
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Source:  OpenStax, Aardrykskunde graad 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10999/1.1
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