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This manuscript has been peer-reviewed, accepted, and endorsed by the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration (NCPEA) as a significant contribution to the scholarship and practice of education administration. In addition to publication in the Connexions Content Commons, this module is published in the International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation , Volume 5, Number 1 (January – March 2010). Formatted and edited in Connexions by Julia Stanka, Texas A&M University.

Immigration in the united states and spain: consideration for educational leaders


This book was germinated a result of a recent academic symposium in Spain. At that time, the editors reflected on how wonderful it would be to disseminate the most critical components affecting immigration in the world today via print form. The first great effort was a book printed in Spanish with Toma Calvo Buezas as the editor. The editors of this current book worked with several of the symposium presenters to develop a book in English that would be of interest to not only leaders, educators, and/or academicians, but also to a broader readership.

It is important for us to bring this text to the public in an open access format. Knowledge is to be shared for the generation of thought and action, and we believe that it can be shared in a free market and open access. Without that, knowledge is limited to only those who can afford the printed text. The Rice University Connexions Project and the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration (NCPEA) have worked together to provide such access in an online venue. We first acknowledge the work that these two entities have done to open the knowledge base to the world. The people behind this work who introduced us to Connexions are Rich Baraniuk from Rice University and Theodore (Ted) Creighton from Virginia Tech (when we were first introduced to this concept, Ted was at Sam Houston State University and was Executive Director of the NCPEA). We thank you guys for this tremendously genius vision.

We acknowledge all the people who have helped us get this book finalized and placed in Connexions. In particular, we thank Jane Xhang, Graduate Assistant, Department of Educational Leadership and Counseling in the College of Education at Sam Houston State University, for her help in putting together the papers in the initial phases. We appreciate the assistance of Adriana Morales, Bilingual Programs Assistant in the Department of Educational Psychology, College of Education and Human Development at Texas A&M University for helping with translations or communication with the authors. Finally, we are indebted to Julia Stanka, Research Associate in the Bilingual Programs at Texas A&M University. Julia actually served in the capacity of an assistant editor for this book, and was the architect of the chapter designs in NCPEA Connexions. She spent countless hours helping us bring this book to fruition; it was our pleasure to work with her on this project.

We thank the authors and their valuable insights on international immigration issues. Their scholarly opinions and work are expressed openly herein, and each has provided the rich reading content in their respective chapters. Finally, we acknowledge the readers of the book and hope that within this text, they will find intellectual stimulation and a challenge to action related to immigrant issues around the world.


Rafael Lara-Alecio

Beverly J. Irby

Tomás Calvo-Buezas

Tito Guerrero


Tomás Calvo-Buezas

Part one: hispanics in the unites states, immigrants in spain

Dr. rogelio saenz&Carlos siordia

The changing demography of Latino immigrants in the United States: From 1980 to Present

Dr. nicolás bajo santos

Strategies and processes of adaptation in immigration

Dr. héctor luis díaz

The socio-economic development of Hispanics in the United States: In search of a theory.

Dr. tomás calvo buezas

The emigration of foreign workers to Spain: A new and relevant phenomenon in the history of Spain

Ildefonso gutiérrez azopardo

A reflection: The other faces of immigration

Dr. beverly j. irby and dr. rafael lara-alecio

Upon the schoolhouse steps: Immigration and education

Part two:education for immigrant children

Kelly chaudry

Bilingual Education: Past, present, future

Secundino valladares

Diglossia, assimilation, and bilingualism among the Hispanics of the United States

María antonia casanova

Education of migrant students in the community of Madrid

Dr. isabel gentil garcía

Immigrants in a municipality near Madrid: Teaching Spanish and Health Education

Juan josé jiménez garcía

My experience as a professor in an Institute with immigrants in Extremadura

Dr. josé luis calvo buezas

Knowledge of the language, the learning, and the intercultural coexistence

Part three: the political struggle of hispanics in the united states

Dr. josé ángel gutiérrez

The Chicano movement: dead or alive?

Dr. orlando rodriguez

The criminal justice system as an assimilation milieu for the Hispanic immigrant

Dr. alejandro del carmen

The threat of terrorism in the United States: The emotional answer of a nation in war

Dr. roberto r. treviño

Racial attitudes and religious social work: The Texas-Mexican and the U.S. Catholic Church.

Father josé gil marqués

A reflection: Function of the religiousness in the Hispanic community in the U.S. and its comparison with Spain

Part four: social, cultural, and religions issue

Dr. domingo barbolla camarero

Faith as an instrument of integration in Islamic immigrants: The case of Extremadura (Spain), a new civilization

Dr. carlos junquera rubio

Immigration and religion: Rituals alive today in Peru and Spain

Dr. carlota solé and dr. sonia parella

Non-communitarian immigrant women in the work market in Spain

Dr. juan luis recio adrados

AIDS prevention among Latino teens: The role of family acculturation

Dr. juan josé garcía

A reflection on the expansion of mass media in Spanish in the United States: The success story of La Opinión of Los Angeles

Dr. tito guerrero iii

The Changing Hispanic/Latino Population in Texas and the United States

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
is this allso about nanoscale material
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
where is the latest information on a no technology how can I find it
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
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