<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >
This module represents a discussion of choral diction with particular attention to English and Latin diction. Questions are given to stimulate one's attention to specific diction problems and solutions. References are also provided.

Choral diction: english and latin

Although choirs perform in many languages, English and Latin are the two languages sung by almost every choir. English, because it is the spoken language in America, and Latin, because of the vast number of motets and masses in our choral heritage. Since there is insufficient room to discuss all languages choirs may encounter, these two were chosen because of their obvious importance to the many choral conductors in English speaking countries and (Latin) to conductors in all countries.

Discussion questions

1. Experiment with vowel modification. How can you modify vowels to match the character of the text?

2. What local speech patterns are not conducive to good singing diction? What methods can be used to eliminate these patterns in choral singing?

3. What choirs do you know whose diction is good? What choirs have you heard whose diction was not so good?

4. Consider your own choral experience. Can you remember the manner in which choral directors applied the rules of diction in a rehearsal?

5. How many more words can you add to the list of those words that are most often mispronounced?

6. Can you sing the Latin texts using pure vowels rather than diphthongs? How can you best demonstrate these vowels to others?


1. Examine several texts of actual choral works. How many diction problems can you find in each piece?

2. Apply the IPA symbols to several choral texts.

3. Using a text often set to music, number the primary and secondary stresses. Mark all unstressed syllables with a schwa.

Suggested readings

Hillis, Margaret. At Rehearsals, New York; American Choral-Foundation, 1969.

Marshall, Madeline. The Singer's Manual of English Diction. New York: G. Schirmer, 1953.

Montani, Nicola A., ed. Latin Pronunciation According to Roman Usage. Philadelphia: St. Gregory Guild, Inc., 1937.

Uris, Dorothy, To Sing in English. New York: Boosey and Hawkes, 1971.

Vennard, William. Singing: The Mechanism and the Technic. rev. ed. New York: Carl Fischer, Inc., 1967.

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Choral techniques. OpenStax CNX. Mar 08, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11191/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Choral techniques' conversation and receive update notifications?

Start Quiz