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Prestige of position with staff/community and “improved benefit package for principals” are samples of items in the reputation factor . However, survey results indicated that across the categories of study participants, professional reputation was not a significant incentive, or motivator F (3, 77) = 0.72, p = .54. This finding is in contrast to Cooley and Shen (1999) and Cusick (2003) who found that those aspiring to the principalship identified items such as salary and benefits as a high priority motivator.

It was in the legacy factor of the AIM where significance was identified F (3, 77) = 4.05, p = .01. Including items such as “anticipated satisfaction associated with making a difference as a principal”, the legacy factor was significantly higher for those definitely planning to become a school leader in the next ten years ( M = 3.34, SD = 0.24) than for those anticipating building leadership slightly ( M = 3.01, SD = 0.51), somewhat ( M = 2.72, SD = 0.27, or quite ( M = 3.02, SD = 0.30) possible.

Alderfer, (1973) as well as Campbell, Dunnette, Lawler, and Weick (1970), report the difference between two types of motivation. One type is “mechanical” or “process” which could be interpreted to parallel the career and reputation domains identified in the AIM study. However, it may be the other type of motivation identified, “substantive” or “content,” that most fits the legacy domain of the AIM survey. Those survey participants who identified themselves as being highly committed to being an assistant principal/principal in the next 10 years prioritized legacy factors such as “anticipated satisfaction associated with making a difference as a principal” and possessing the “ability to affect the lives of a greater number of children.” This ability to make a difference is consistent with the work of researchers who found those who hold administrative positions reporting that one of their greatest sources of satisfaction was the ability to make a difference (Cranston, 2007; Howley, Andrianaivo,&Perry, 2005; McKay, 1999).


Considering the AIM survey results across three career goal domains – career, reputation, and legacy--post-secondary institutions and school districts attempting to recruit educational administration candidates may want to utilize the power of motivators. A singular question may be, “How are those committed to becoming principals different than others?”

Alderfer (1972) suggests that terms such as “need,” “drive,” and “instinct,” are synonymous with “motive.” It would seem that individuals who may potentially enroll in educational administration graduates programs should possess characteristics associated with Alderfer’s terms. Organizations recruiting for the principalship should consider screening applicants to help frame the motives influencing a candidate’s decision to seek the position of assistant principal/principal. A mechanism that reflects the presence of a balance related to AIM survey factors in the three domains – career, reputation, legacy – may prove most helpful in recruiting the most potentially successful candidates to educational administration training programs. Strengthening educational administration, and particularly principal preparation and finding ways of preparing those principals in different ways may be a product of the conversation surrounding motives (Grubb&Flessa, 2006).

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review special issue: portland conference, volume 12, number 3 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Oct 17, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11362/1.5
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