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You probably interface with most of the programs that you use on a daily basis through a GUI. If you use Python to create programs that will be usedby non programmers, you may need to provide GUIs for those programs.

What is TCL?

According to the Tcl Developer Xchange ,

"Tcl (Tool Command Language) is a very powerful but easy to learn dynamic programming language, suitable for a very wide range of uses, including web and desktop applications, networking, administration, testing and many more. Open source and business-friendly, Tcl is a mature yet evolving language that is truly cross platform, easily deployed and highly extensible."

What is TK?

Also according to the Tcl Developer Xchange ,

"Tk is a graphical user interface toolkit that takes developing desktop applications to a higher level than conventional approaches. Tk is the standard GUI not only for Tcl, but for many other dynamic languages, and can produce rich, native applications that run unchanged across Windows, Mac OS X, Linux and more."

What is tkinter?

According to The Python Standard Library -- 25. Graphical User Interfaces with Tk ,

"Tk/Tcl has long been an integral part of Python. It provides a robust and platform independent windowing toolkit, that is available to Python programmers using the tkinter package, and its extension, the tkinter.tix and the tkinter.ttk modules. ... To use tkinter, you don't need to write Tcl code, but you will need to consult the Tk documentation, and occasionally the Tcl documentation. tkinter...usually comes bundled with Python."

According to The Python Standard Library -- 25.1 tkinter -- Python interface to Tcl/Tk ,

"The tkinter package ("Tk interface") is the standard Python interface to the Tk GUI toolkit. Both Tk and tkinter are available on most Unix platforms, as well as on Windows systems. (Tk itself is not part of Python; it is maintained at ActiveState.) You can check that tkinter is properly installed on your system by running python -m tkinter from the command line; this should open a window demonstrating a simple Tk interface."

Figure 1 shows the result of entering the command given above on the command line on my computer and then clicking the button labeled Click me several times. Clicking the QUIT button will cause the GUI to disappear from the screen asexpected.

Figure 1 . Image of a tkinter test from the command line.

Image of a tkinter test from the command line.

Not the only GUI alternative

You will find other GUI alternatives for Python listed and described at The Python Standard Library -- 25.6. Other Graphical User Interface Packages . However, this module will concentrate on tkinter .

A big and complex topic

The design and implementation of graphical user interfaces is a huge topic that could fill an E-book in its own right. In this module, I will barelyscratch the surface. In particular, I will present and explain one GUI program. Beyond that, I will refer you to several good online resources where you canlearn more about GUI programming in Python if you are interested.

Discussion and sample code

A sample program

Listing 9 presents an unmodified version of a program that was published by Mark Roseman at TkDocs under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 Canada (CC BY-NC-SA 2.5 CA) license. This program GUI allows the user to enter a length value in feet.When the user presses a button labeled Calculate , the corresponding length value in meters is displayed. This process can be repeateduntil the user presses the X-button in the upper-right corner of the GUI, which terminates the program and removes the GUI from the screen.

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
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Source:  OpenStax, Itse 1359 introduction to scripting languages: python. OpenStax CNX. Jan 22, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11713/1.32
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