<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

4: The oscillatory motion of preceding particle is imparted to the adjacent particle following it.

Returning to real time ripples on the water surface, we observe that ripples are originating continuously from the contact point for some time. It is the case of multiple disturbances. As such, a succession of ripple passes through water surface. The particle at the crest moves down to form trough subsequently and vice-versa. This cycle continues till the disturbance at the origin is over. Conclusion :

5: We need to keep creating disturbance in order to propagate wave (energy or disturbance) continuously.

Wave and medium

Water wave and propagation of sound waves show the importance of wave transmitting medium. These waves move through a medium. The Maxwell description of electromagnetic waves, however, puts an end to the requirement of a medium for the propagation of waves in general. The light wave (electromagnetic wave), for example, travels most of its journey from Sun to Earth in vacuum! The propagation of electromagnetic wave does not require a medium for propagation. On the other hand, we are unable to talk on Moon as it does not have its atmosphere to carry sound wave. Thus, we conclude that the wave can move with or without medium depending on the specific wave in question.

Disturbance

Disturbance is alteration of physical property in time. This physical quantity can be displacement, pressure, density, electric or magnetic field etc. In the propagation of water waves, we denote relative position or displacement of water molecules from the mean position as disturbance. Similar is the case with string wave – the wave traveling through a taught string. Here, displacement of string element from the undisturbed position is used to measure disturbance. We account the disturbance by air pressure in the case of sound. There is change in stress values in the case of seismic waves through Earth. On the other hand, the electromagnetic wave involves simultaneous alteration of electric and magnetic fields at right angle to each other and also to the direction of wave propagation

The most general physical parameter that can be used to represent alteration in all cases is “energy”. Instead of a particular physical parameter in specific cases, we can consider them to be alterations of “energy”. If required, we can specify the type of energy as well like : mechanical or elastic energy, pressure energy or electromagnetic energy as appropriate for a specific wave.

Dimensions of waves

The wave in a taught string moves along a straight line and as such is one-dimensional. The water wave moves over the two dimensional surface of water body and hence water wave is two-dimensional. On the other hand, sound waves or light waves propagate all around the source and hence are three dimensional in nature.

Wave classification

The waves are classified under three high level headings :

1: Mechanical waves : The motion of the particles constituting the medium follows mechanical laws i.e. Newton’s laws of motion. A medium is required for propagation of mechanical waves. The motion of the waves depends on the mechanical properties of the medium.

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
Jobilize.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Oscillation and wave motion. OpenStax CNX. Apr 19, 2008 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10493/1.12
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Oscillation and wave motion' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask