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Natural sciences

Grade 8

Environment and interactions

Module 30

Different ecosystems

Our country has a wealth of widely differing kinds of ecosystems.

If possible, your teacher will take you to one or more of these ecosystems.

Activity:

To discuss the role of a grassland ecosystem

[lo 1.3]

In large parts of our country grass forms the greatest part of the ecosystems. We can also use the term BIOME to refer to the parts of the country that show more or less the same ecological characteristics. For instance, there is a grassland biome. A grassland biome can be described as a large ecosystem or it can be divided into smaller grassland ecosystems.

Knowledge of the grassland biome and grassland ecosystems is important in South Africa, because great parts of the country are utilized for grazing animals.

Game such as impala, buffalo and springbuck are also grazing livestock.

The type of grass in an ecosystem is mainly determined by the nature of the soil.

Grassland biomes are named according to the dominant grass type that is found in the system.

The main types of grassland ecosystems (actually biomes) are:

1. sweet veld – low rainfall areas; good livestock grazing;

2. sour veld – high rainfall areas; not very good grazing;

3. mixed veld.

Red grass ( Themeda triandra ) is a well-known grass type that is very nutritious for livestock.

Over-grazing is the most serious offence that a farmer can commit, because it leads to soil-erosion, desert creation and eventual famine.

Have a class debate on the following question:

  • Is the practice of regularly burning grass good or bad for the environment?
  • Write down the advantages and disadvantages of burning grassland, as mentioned in the debate, in the columns below:
ADVANTAGES OF BURNING DISADVANTAGES OF BURNING
.............................................................. ..............................................................
.............................................................. ..............................................................
.............................................................. ..............................................................
.............................................................. ..............................................................
.............................................................. ..............................................................
.............................................................. ..............................................................
.............................................................. ..............................................................

Assessment of DEBATE:

Have you made a meaningful contribution to the debate? [ LO 1.3]

Activity:

To discuss forest/tree ecosystems

[lo 1.2; lo1.3; lo 2.4]

Trees are not only producers , but as a result of their size they also create a habitat for certain species.

Animal and plant species inhabit trees.

The leaf cover of trees provides shelter for animals, while the bark and fissures in the trees also provide a habitat for numerous insect species. The leaf cover also creates a shady environment in which shade-loving, low-growing plants can flourish.

Questions & Answers

how can chip be made from sand
Eke Reply
is this allso about nanoscale material
Almas
are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where is the latest information on a no technology how can I find it
William
currently
William
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Natural sciences grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 12, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11050/1.1
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