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Sosiale wetenskappe: geskiedenis

Graad 8

Grond en mag

Module 4

Die industriële rewolusie

BRON A

In 1733 het mnr. John Kay van Brittanje die weefmasjien so verbeter dat die aanvraag na spindraad geweldig toegeneem het. Uit die sakewêreld is dit duidelik dat hoe groter die aanvraag na ‘n spesifieke produk (bv. spindraad) word, hoe ‘n beter prys kry die vervaardiger (bv. die spinner) vir sy produk.

James Hargreaves was ‘n houtwerker en spinner van Lancashire in Brittanje. In sy beknopte huisie waarin hy, sy vrou en sewe kinders hul tuisnywerheid bedryf het, het sy dogter Jenny die spinwiel omgestamp.

James het besef dat daar meer spoele op die as gemonteer kon word en meer drade gelyktydig gespin kon word. Hargreaves het sy nuwe uitvinding die Spinning Jenny genoem.

Een Spinning Jenny het met agt spoele, agt mense se werk gelyktydig gedoen. Spinners wat werkloosheid gevrees het, het by Hargreaves se huis ingebreek en die Spinning Jenny vernietig. Hargreaves het na Nottingham verhuis en ‘n fabriek begin met groter en beter spinmasjiene. Sy sukses met die Spinning Jenny het ander uitvinders aangemoedig om ook te eksperimenteer. Talle nuwe en verbeterde masjiene het so ontstaan.

Die volgende stap was die ontwikkeling van masjiene wat met waterkrag en stoomkrag kon werk.

Skryfoefening :

  • Voltooi die volgende sinne oor Bron A.

Die ontwikkeling van die Spinning Jenny is veroorsaak deur ‘n ongeluk, naamlik dat

/2/

Die gevolg van die ongeluk was dat Hargreaves die blink idee gekry het om

/2/

Die oorsaak/rede vir die ontwikkeling van die verbeterde spinwiel was ….

/2/

Die gevolg/resultaat van die verbeterde spinwiel was

/2/

/8/

LU 2 AS 2.2
BRON B

Die gebruik van masjiene het produksie vermeerder, sodat goeie paaie vir vinnige vervoer van die plaas (bv. vars groente of koring vir brood) of fabriek (bv. klere) tot by die mark, noodsaaklik geword het.

John Loudon McAdam word vandag nog gerespekteer as ‘n meesterpadbouer. Dit is aan hom te danke dat daar ‘n netwerk van uitstekende paaie in Skotland en Brittanje gebou is.

Aktiwiteit: chronologie

Al die feite wat hier volg oor McAdam is korrek, maar nie in volgorde nie. Lees dit deur en herrangskik die feite sodat dit logies op mekaar volg.

1. Op 27-jarige ouderdom het hy teruggekeer na Skotland.

2. Toe John 14 was, is sy pa oorlede en moes hy by sy oom in New York gaan bly.

3. McAdam is gebore in Skotland in 1756.

4. As kind het John graag paaie gemaak vir sy speelgoedkarre.

5. Selfs na sy dood is sy padboutegniek nog beskikbaar in die drie boeke wat hy oor hierdie onderwerp geskryf het.

6. In New York het McAdam later ‘n ryk handelaar geword.

7. Terug in Skotland het McAdam nou op sy eie landgoed in Ayrshire met padbouery begin eksperimenteer.

8. Nadat hy sy eie fondse uitgeput het, het John die regering gevra vir finansiële hulp om oral in Brittanje en Skotland ‘n netwerk van paaie te bou.

  • Skryf nou SLEGS die nommers hieronder neer, sodat die feite John se lewensloop in die korrekte volgorde gee.
LU 1 AS 1.3

Werkblad : tuisnywerhede

VOLTOOI die volgende werkblad deur ‘n volwassene tuis se hulp te kry.Vra die persoon om onderaan die werkblad te teken.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Geskiedenis graad 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 12, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11043/1.1
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